Displays consistent facility in the use
of language, demonstrating syntactic variety, appropriate word choice, and idiomaticity, though it may have minor lexical or grammatical errors.
1.1 rather than
Thus, rather than making progress, people star to wind down since they’ve lost their motivation for working; so would the teachers.(摘自学员满分作文)
1.2 instead of
Instead of indulging in playing computer games, children should be taught how to benefit from useful information on the internet.
1.3 compared with -A, A…;
A…,whereas / while -A …
Compared with books, the Internet enjoys many obvious advantages such as high speed, great efficiency, easy accessibility, to name just a few.
1.4 Not for……but for……
College students take up part-time jobs not for making more money, but for a better understanding of the society.
2.1 including(such as….. like…..)
The mess media including TV, broadcast，newspaper，magazines，Internet，etc.
2.2 in view of ……
Granted, the development of economy does have much positive effect on every respect of a country. The modern life of us will be much better in view of the higher level school, lower priced merchants, advanced hospital and the more convenient transportation.
2.3 just imagine
• First of all, the benefits from the academic studies are of great significance. Just imagine what we have learned on the academic class: the mathematics, grammar, and the physics and so on. These are all basic knowledge and skills that are essential for further study and future career.
2.4 By doing sth(a+b+c), students can ….
The very first rationale for taking the economics course is that it makes people more matured and sensible. By learning about those economics conceptions, behaviors of customers and producers, the tax policy, especially the value and functions of money,(细化列举) students would ponder and contemplate the idea that there’s no easy money existing in the world and that their parents have been striving hard for their living. Hence, their naïveté would gradually diminish, and they would correctly face the problem and setbacks in the society with a more sophisticated heart and judicious mind.
2.5 Even though a, b, c can trigger…..
• Although all those fairytales, fantastic stories, stimulating scenes and magical effects indeed trigger children’s imagination, their endlessly soaring minds would make them reluctant to leave the untrue world.
先让步，虽然能激发想象力，但是让孩子们不愿意离开不现实的世界。 在让步中进行了细化列举 。
3.1 on the grounds that(基于…理由)
(on the ground that, on grounds that)
Liu Dehua refused to answer questions about his relationship/wife on the grounds that it may disturb their tranquil life.
3.2 ...can be attributed to...(+名词......可以归因于……)
This difference can be attributed/ascribed to the cultural background.
3.3 For the sake of 也表示因果关系
Improve or bring advantage to 所以它的意思更接近于英文的for the purpose of helping/ improving。例如：
Many elderly people prefer to live in the countryside for the purpose of improving their health.
Many elderly people prefer to live in the countryside for the sake of their health.
3.4 by virtue of意思是“通过......来......”， 也可灵活运用表示因果关系。
She succeeded by virtue of her lucy rather than her talent.
3.5 Given...， In view of ...和In light of 三个表达都是“考虑到，鉴于.....”的意思，后面跟名词或者名词短语，也是用来引出因果关系的精品。
Given/in view of/in light of the mounting pressure at work, he would sacrifice his high-paying job in exchange for more leisure time.