1. Spring Festival = Chinese New Year 春节，中国新年
2. in the Chinese calendar = in the lunar calendar 农历，阴历
The Spring Festival begins on New Year's Eve in the Chinese calendar. 春节从除夕夜开始。
3. close relations 亲人
4. spend time together 聚在一起
It is one of the rare occasions when close relations spend quite a bit of time together. 这是一个难能可贵的场合，亲人们可以花一些时间团聚在一起。
5. atmosphere /'ætməsfɪə; 'ætməsˌfɪr/ n. 气氛
The atmosphere of the festival is wonderful—really sweet and homely and full of good will. 节日的气氛真的很美好——甜美、温馨、充满了祝福。
6. red envelope 红包
7. celebration /ˌselə'breɪʃən; ˌsεlə'breʃən/ n. 庆祝
8. celebrate /'seləbreɪt; 'sεləˌbret/ v. 庆祝
9. exhibition /ˌeksə'bɪʃən; ˌεksə'bɪʃən/ n. 展览
There are numerous special celebrations and exhibitions in public places. 有许多特别的庆祝活动和展览在公共场所举行。
10. be over the moon (about ...) 欣喜若狂
Children are always over the moon when they receive "red envelopes" from their parents. 当小孩子从父母那收到红包的时候，他们总是欣喜若狂的。
11. dancing-dragon and dancing-lion performances 舞龙舞狮的表演
12. a delightful break 愉快的休假
13. Mid-autumn Festival 中秋节
The Mid-autumn Festival is on the 15th of August in the Chinese calendar. 中秋节是在农历的八月十五。
14. Dragon Boat Festival 端午节
15. Lantern Festival 元宵节
16. be internationally recognized 国际皆知的
Christmas and Chinese New Year are internationally recognized festivals. 圣诞节和中国新年是国际皆知的节日。
17. time off 放假
A festival means not much more than "time off " to students. 对于学生而言，节日只是意味着放假而已。
18. underestimate /' ʌndər'estəmeɪt; 'ʌndɚ'εstəˌmet/ v. 低估；忽视
I think the historical and cultural significance of festivals should not be underestimated. 我认为我们不应该低估节日的历史与文化意义。
19. fall on ... 在（天）
The Dragon Boat Festival falls on the fifth of May in the Chinese calendar. 端午节是在农历的五月初五。
20. commemorate /kə'meməreɪt; kə'mεməˌret/ v. 纪念
The Dragon Boat Festival commemorates a patriotic poet named Qu Yuan, who died of drowning. 端午节是为了纪念投河自尽的爱国诗人屈原。
考官：Now please have a look at this card. This is your topic. I want you to talk about a festival you like best in your country. You have one minute to prepare.
Talk about a festival you like best in your country. You should say:
what it is
when it takes place
how it is special
what you think about it.
You will be asked to talk about the topic for one to two minutes.
You have one minute to think about what you are going to say.
You can make some notes to help you if you wish.
My favourite festival is the Chinese New Year or the Spring Festival. It begins on New Year's Eve in the Chinese calendar. It's special to the Chinese, just like Christmas is special to millions of people in the West. It's extraordinary in several ways. First and foremost, it's time for family members to get together. As you know, after a year's hard work, it is one of the rare occasions when close relations spend quite a bit of time together and share the ups and downs of their lives. The atmosphere is wonderful—really sweet and homely and full of good will. Then again, children enjoy the festival, because they receive from their parents a "red envelope", that is, extra pocket money. Finally, the cheerful atmosphere created by the end of the old year and the prospect of a new one can be felt when you walk in the streets. There are numerous special celebrations and exhibitions in public places such as cultural centres or department stores. You can see dancing-dragon and dancing-lion performances in many places. What do I think of it? Well, I like it very much. Although I am no longer over the moon about it, like I was when I was a kid, I still find it a delightful break.
◎Are there many festivals in this country?
Oh, yes. For example, have you heard about the Mid-autumn Festival? It's on the 15th of August in the Chinese calendar. There are many other festivals here too: the Dragon Boat Festival, the Lantern Festival, the Tomb Sweeping Festival and so on.
◎Now, let's continue to talk about festivals. What festivals are internationally recognized?
Internationally recognized festivals? Well, Christmas and Chinese New Year are two such examples. As you know, Christmas is celebrated in almost every part of the world, including many Asian countries. As for the Chinese New Year, wherever there are Chinese people, it is celebrated. I bet that China Town in London, in Birmingham or Manchester, or in Vancouver has something interesting going on during the Chinese New Year. I have also heard about the Edinburgh Festival; it's an arts festival, isn't it?
◎What role do you think festivals play in society?
Hmm... I think that students just like the fun of festivals—the great variety of colourful celebrations and unusual activities. So probably a festival means not much more than "time off" to them. However, I think the historical and cultural significance of festivals should not be underestimated. Take the Dragon Boat Festival here for instance. It falls on the fifth of May in the Chinese calendar. It commemorates a patriotic poet named Qu Yuan, who died of drowning. That's why nowadays it's celebrated on the river—with the dragon boat race. And we eat special food called "zongzi" on that day—glutinous rice wrapped in bamboo leaves. The food originates from the ancients' custom of dropping such food in the river so that the fish would eat the rice rather than Qu Yuan's body. Another festival worth mentioning is what we call "Tomb Sweeping Festival". As its name suggests, it's the time when people visit and clean the tombs of their ancestors. This festival certainly has its cultural significance, because it is a manifestation of filial piety, which is so cherished by Chinese people. So it seems to me that on the whole, festivals in this country are pretty closely tied in with its history and culture.
◎Do you think the role of the festivals is changing?
I don't think so. Children and young students might not be aware of the meaning of the festivals at first, but they'll be taught in school and will come to understand their cultural significance as they mature.