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图书连载四:《雅思名师教你征服雅思口语》

2013年03月12日16:19
来源:搜狐出国
  雅思口语考试第二、三部分题库:
  City and Town 城市与乡镇

  实用表达
  1. be located in 位于
  Beijing is located in northern China. 北京位于中国北方。
  2. cosmopolitan /ˌkɒzmə'pɒlɪtən; ˌkɑzmə'pɑlətn / adj. 大都会的,(人口)来自世界各地的
  Beijing is a cosmopolitan city. 北京是个大都市。
  3. vitality /vaɪ'tælɪti; vaɪ'tælətɪ/ n. 活力
  4. diversity /daɪ'vɜːsɪti; daɪ'vɚsətɪ/ n. 多样性
  Beijing is full of vitality and diversity. 北京是一个充满活力与多样性的城市。
  5. book fair 书展
  6. Exhibition /ˌeksɪ'bɪʃən; ˌεksə'bɪʃən/ n. 展览
  There is always, always something new and interesting going on in Beijig: book fairs, computer exhibitions, car shows, etc. 在北京总是会举办一些新鲜有趣的活动,例如书展、电脑展、车展等等。
  7. architecturally impressive 建筑风格令人印象深刻的
  8. the National stadium 国家体育场
  The National Stadium is architecturally impressive. 国家体育场的建筑风格令人印象深刻。
  9. the Palace Museum 故宫博物院
  10. city dweller 城市居民
  11. numerous /'nju:mərəs; 'njumərəs/ adj. 很多的
  12. county /'kaʊnti; 'kaUntɪ/ n. 县
  13. vacancy /'veɪkənsi; 'vekənsɪ/ n. 空位;空缺
  In terms of the job market, there are many more vacancies in cities than in small towns. 以就业市场来说,都市比小镇提供的就业机会更多。
  14. industry /'ɪndəstri; 'ɪndəstrɪ/ n. 工业
  15. disadvantage /ˌdɪsəd'vɑːntɪdʒ; ˌdIsəd'væntɪdʒ/ = drawback n. 缺点
  16. hustle and bustle 忙碌喧闹
  I don't like the hustle and bustle of the city, but I try to get used to the urban lifestyle. 我不喜欢都市的忙碌喧闹,但还是得适应都市的生活方式。
  17. concrete jungle 钢筋水泥所构建的丛林
  Big cities can be like concrete jungles. 大都市就像钢筋水泥所构建的丛林一般。
  18. amenity /ə'miːnɪti; ə'mεnətɪ/ n. 生活设施;便利设施
  19. museum /mjuː'ziːəm; mju'ziəm/ n. 博物馆
  20. gallery /'gæləri; 'gælərɪ/ n. 画廊
  A city should provide plenty of amenities such as museums, art galleries, theatres and libraries. 城市应该提供充分的生活设施,如博物馆、画廊、剧院及图书馆。

  题库练习
  1)个人陈述
  考官:Now please have a look at this card. This is your topic. I want you to describe your
favourite city or town in China. You have one minute to prepare.
 
  卡片内容:
  Describe your favourite city or town in China. You should say:
  where it is
  how long you have stayed there
  in what way it is special or famous
  why you like it best.
  INSTRUCTIONS
  You will be asked to talk about the topic for one to two minutes.
  You have one minute to think about what you are going to say.
  You can make some notes to help you if you wish.
  描述一下在中国你最喜欢的城市或乡镇。你应该谈及:
  那个城市或乡镇在哪里
  你曾经在那里待了多久
  那个地方以什么闻名
  你为何喜欢那个地方。
  【说明】:
  针对这个话题作出一至两分钟的陈述。
  你有一分钟的时间去思考你的陈述内容。
  假如需要的话,你可以写下要点以帮助你组织陈述。

  考生可做出如下陈述:
  Sample Response
  The city I like best is Beijing, the political and economic centre of China. It's located in northern China. I lived there for about four years when I studied as a university student. In what way is it famous or special? It is famous for its being cosmopolitan and full of vitality and diversity; there is always, always something new and interesting going on in Beijing: book fairs, computer exhibitions, car shows, fashion shows, you name it. I like it best for several reasons. One is that it has some architecturally impressive buildings, for example, the National Stadium and the Palace Museum. Another reason is that it has numerous large book shops where I can always get the books I want.

  回答范例
  北京是我最喜欢的城市,它是中国的政治、经济中心。它位于中国北方。上大学期间,我曾在那里住了约有四年的时间。北京以什么闻名呢?北京以它是国际化大都市和充满活力与多样性而著称。在那里总是会举办一些新鲜有趣的活动,例如书展、电脑展、车展和时装秀等,你所能想到的展览它都有。我喜欢北京有许多的原因,其中之一,是因为在北京有许多建筑风格令人印象深刻的建筑物,例如国家体育场与故宫博物院。另一个原因是北京有许多大型的书店,在那儿,我总是可以找到我想要的书。

  陈述后考官会接着提一两个与考生陈述内容相关的问题:
  ◎Where were you originally from?
  My hometown is Zhuhai.
  你的家乡在哪里?
  我的家乡在珠海。
  
  ◎Do you prefer to live in a city or a town?
  I am a city dweller. I prefer to live in a city, because there are more jobs available and it's more convenient to live in cities. It's easier to get around when I need, for example, to go shopping, visit friends or see a doctor.
  你比较喜欢住在城市还是乡镇?
  我是一个城市居民。我更喜欢住在城市,因为在城市有更多的工作机会,而且生活上也比较方便。举例来说吧,当我需要逛街、拜访朋友或看医生的时候,住在城市里会比较方便。

  2)双向讨论
  ◎How would you compare your hometown with your favourite city?
  As far as the weather is concerned, Zhuhai is warmer than Beijing. In terms of the job market, there are many more vacancies in       Beijing than in Zhuhai. Furthermore, their respective main industries are different. Financial services and commerce are the main industries in Beijing, while shipping and high-tech industry are the primary ones in Zhuhai.
  请比较一下你的家乡与你最喜欢的城市。
  就天气而言,珠海比北京暖和。以就业市场来说,北京比珠海提供了更多的就业 机会。再者,它们各自的主要产业也不同。北京以金融服务及商业为其主要产业, 而珠海以船运与高科技工业为其主要产业。
  ◎What are the advantages and disadvantages of living in a city?
  Let me mention the advantages first. It is convenient and there are many shops around. It is also interesting in that it provides all sorts of entertainment and culture, for example, theatres, the latest films and record albums and videos. But I can think of several disadvantages. The hustle and bustle of city life is sometimes hard to bear, and the air is not as fresh as in the countryside. Besides, big cities can be like concrete jungles.
  住在城市的优点与缺点是什么?
  我先谈谈住在城市的优点。在城市生活很方便,而且到处都有商店。城市的生活 也比较有趣,有各式各样的娱乐和文化活动,例如,剧院、最新上映的电影或最新发行的专辑和录影带。但是,我也可以想到一些住在城市的缺点。有时候城市 生活的忙碌喧闹实在令人难以忍受。而且,城市的空气不像乡村的空气那样清新。 除此之外,大都市就像是钢筋水泥所构建的丛林一样。
  ◎Apart from providing a living environment, what other functions or services do you think a city or town should provide?
  I'd like to point out the following amenities that I think a city should provide. First and foremost, it should supply a good-quality learning environment where educational institutes at all levels meet the needs of its citizens. Another significant service a city should provide is an inexpensive, clean and efficient public transport system. Still another thing it should provide is space for the cultural and artistic dimension of city life, such as museums, art galleries, theatres, concert halls, community centres, book shops and so on. Finally, there should be an abundance of parks where its citizens can exercise or relax when they want to get away from the claustrophobia of their high-density accommodation.
  城市或乡镇除了提供人们居住的环境之外,你认为它还应该具备什么其他功能与服务?
  我认为一个城市应该具有以下生活设施。首先,它应该提供良好的学习环境,有符合市民需求的各级学校。它应该提供的另一项重要服务就是,一个价廉、干净且高效的公共运输系统。还有,城市应提供都市生活所需的文化、艺术空间,例如,博物馆、画廊、剧院、音乐厅、社区活动中心和书店等。最后,城市里应建有很多公园,当市民想要摆脱因高密度住宅环境所产生的幽闭恐惧感时,他们可以在那里做做运动,放松心情。

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