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2012年6月大学英语六级答案

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第1页 :2012年6月大学英语六级答案

  Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled The Impact of the Internet on Interpersonal Communication. Your essay should start with a brief description of the picture. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.

  作文标准版

  The Impact of the Internet on Interpersonal Communication

  As is described in the picture, a father asks her daughter how her school today goes on. Instead of answering directly, the daughter tells her father to read her blog. It is common that youngsters nowadays incline to communicate with others on internet increasingly, and lack communication with people around them. With the development of Internet, it has influenced our society to a large extent, especially interpersonal communication.

  To begin with, we can communicate with others anytime via internet. Otherwise, we would have to arrange our schedules strictly in advance. Also, interpersonal communication through the internet is not restricted by space. For example, in most multinational corporations, instant messages and video conferences help colleagues solve problems timely and efficiently. Last but not least, the internet can greatly speed up our interpersonal communication. Whereas, there are also disadvantages that the internet brings to us. More and more people complained that they have lost face-to-face communicating skills. As a result, people become more and more indifferent to each other in real life. Some netizens who are immersed in virtual world even have difficulty in making friends in reality.

  In conclusion, communication through the internet could bring us both convenience and inconvenience. We should strike a balance between them and make the best of the internet.

  【解析】

  这次的六级写作是请考生谈谈网络对人际交流的影响。这个话题本身已是日常生活的热点,考生并不陌生,有话可说。

  文章的展开还是同过去的议论文写作一致。仍然可以用引入、阐释有何影响和自己的观点这样的三段式进行写作。在行文时,注意文章的层次和逻辑梳理,在谈具体影响时,可适当进行对比论证,论证网络出现和没有网络时,人际交流的差异,也可进行结合自身经历进行举例论证。

  本篇范文在句式上,长短搭配,形式多变。从句、非谓语动词等多种表达方式,值得借鉴。同时,用词同样注意多样化,对网络相关词汇的多种表达(web, cyber, instant message, video conference等),考生同样应在平时注意归类、积累。

  作文高分版

  The Impact of the Internet on Interpersonal Communication

  Today I saw an interesting cartoon, in which a father asked his daughter about her school performance of the day, and the daughter replied that he could go to her blog to check it. This small cartoon indicates a big change in our life, especially the way people communicate.

  Internet enables people to break though the limitations of distance, strengthening social network. Unlike post offices, Internet service with its convenience helps people engage and converse real time with their parents, soul mates, friends though emails, IRC, micro blog anytime, anywhere with a network terminal, without suffering the long and painful wait for a reply.

  Besides, such online communities as Twitter, Facebook are well under way and becoming the most dominating platforms for on-line social activities. These communities offer great opportunities for us to follow and interact with those we like and even those celebrities. It is also a platform for us to share and update information of each other, and learn the outside world.

  Internet today and tomorrow is a virtual space where we live, where we learn, where we speak, and where we communicate.

  【解析】

  今年的六级作文依旧延续了四六级的传统,考查“现象类”话题,要求根据漫画,发表对于“The impact of the internet on interpersonal communication”的观点。近年的六级作文题目,已经不再局限于传统的议论文考察模式,即要求考生给出非此即彼或既此既彼的观点、而是偏向于启发考生自己去思考,结合自己的生活经历以及对事物的理解,对话题中的现象进行深入的探讨,给出事实支撑。

  Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)

  Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). For questions 8-10, complete the sen tences with the information given in the passage.

  1. A) To cut students’ expenses.

  2. B) college facilities could be put to more effective use.

  3. C) suppresses creative thinking

  4. A) Its students have to earn more credits each year.

  5. B) It has been running for several decades.

  6. B) More students have Advanced Placement credits.

  7. A) Students don’t have much time to roam intellectually.

  8. the core curriculum

  9. stay competitive and relevant

  10. bright, motivated students

  【解析】

  本次六级的快速阅读文章出自2009年10月16日的《每日野兽——新闻周刊》,与四级文章的出处一样,在这里要提醒考生们平日里加强此类英美报刊的阅读。

  本文属于教育类文章。

  文章开头以Hartwick 学院为例,指出许多有创新意识的大学都将学制由四年改为三年的现象。在承认美国具有全世界最好的大学,这些学校吸引了众多聪明的学生后,作者话锋一转,指出美国高等教育存在的一些问题,包括:学校学年的一成不变,设备资源的闲置浪费,终身职位以及反年龄歧视法造成的教务人员冗余以及对自由思想的压制,学生承担不起高额的学费等等。

  之后,作者指出正是由于以上的这些问题,许多学校才会进行学制改革并且描述了Hartwick, Judson College等学校在缩短学制后课程方面的一些改革和做法。随后作者指出缩短学制的一些弊端:学生缺少时间进行思考,缺少时间参加课外活动或者出国留学 (微博) ,威胁学校的核心课程体系等。

  最后,作者指出实行三年制学制对大多数学校来说都不是易事。但是要比让议会提供资金帮助,让立法人员要求更多的政府帮助,或是要求学生支付更高的学费来得容易。

  本次快速阅读题目难度适中,基本上都是细节辨认题,考生做题的时候可根据题干的关键词:人名,学校名等进行快速定位,仔细判断。需要注意的是,考生在做本篇快速阅读的时候最好快速通读一下全文,把握一下文章的大致结构,会更有利于解答问题。

  Part III Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

  11.

  W: Did you hear that Anna needs to stay in bed for 4 weeks?

  M: Yeah. She injured her spine in a fall and a doctor told her to lie flat on her back for a month so it can mend.

  Q: What can we learn from the conversation?

  【答案】A) The injury will confine Anna to bed for quite a while.

  【解析】此题为细节题。从对话中可知,Anna摔倒导致脊椎受伤,医生让其卧床休息一个月。

  12.

  M: A famous Russian ballet is coming to town next weekend. But I can’t find a ticket anywhere.

  W: Don’t be upset. My sister just happened to have one and she can’t go since she has got some sort of conflict in her schedule.

  Q: What does the woman mean?

  【答案】C) She can get a ballet ticket for the man.

  【解析】此题为推理题。男子找不到俄罗斯芭蕾表演的票子,女子告诉她不要失落,因为自己的姐姐碰巧有张票,并且因为和安排有冲突去不了。

  13.

  W: Hello, my bathroom drain is blocked and I’m giving a party tonight. Do you think you could come and fix it for me?

  M: Sorry, ma’am. I’m pretty busy right now. But I can put you on my list.

  Q: What does the man mean?

  【答案】A) He has to do other repairs first.

  【解析】此题为推理题。从对话可知,女子请男子帮忙修浴室的地漏,但是男子现在忙,不过他会记录下。

  14.

  W: We’re taking up a collection to buy a gift for Gemma. She’ll have been with the company 25 years next week.

  M: Well, count me in. But I’m a bit short on cash now. When do you need it?

  Q: What is the man going to do?

  【答案】C) Give his contribution some time later.

  【解析】此题为推理题。从对话中可知,下周Gemma在公司的时间就满25年了,大家正在凑钱买礼物。男子也要加入,但是手头缺少现金。从他的询问可见他会晚点交钱。

  15.

  W: Tony’s mother has invited me to dinner. Do you think I should tell her in advance that I’m a vegetarian?

  M: Of course. I think she’d appreciate it. Imaging how you both feel if she fixed the turkey dinner or something.

  Q: What does the man suggest the woman do?

  【答案】D) Tell Tony’s mother that she eats no meat.

  【解析】此题为推理题。Tony的妈妈邀请女子吃饭,女子询问男子是不是应该提前告知自己是素食主义者。从男子的“I think she’d appreciate it”可知,男子给了他肯定的回答。

  16.

  M: Just look at this newspaper, nothing but robberies, suicide and murder. Do you still believe people are basically good?

  W: Of course. But many papers lack interest in reporting something positive like peace, love and generosity.

  Q: What are the speakers talking about?

  【答案】B) The coverage of newspapers.

  【解析】此题为推理题。从关键词newspapers,robberies等可知,男子认为报纸上涉及的都是抢劫、自杀等内容,可见两人正在谈论报纸的内容。

  17.

  M: I can’t believe so many people want to sign up for the Korea Development Conference. We will have to limit the registration.

  W: Yeah, otherwise we won’t have room for the more.

  Q: What are the speakers going to do?

  【答案】C) Limit the number of participants in the conference.

  【解析】此题为细节题。男子没有想到那么多人来参加会议,所以必须限制人们注册,从女子对其的肯定回答也可进一步肯定他们要限制参与人数。

  18.

  W: Hi, I’m calling about the ad for the one bedroom apartment.

  M: Perfect timing! The person who was supposed to rent it just backed town to take a room on campus.

  Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

  【答案】A) The apartment is still available.

  【解析】此题为推理题。从对话可知,男子告诉女子她打电话来的时机正好,因为本来要租房子的人回到城镇去租大学的房间了,所以女子还能够租广告上的公寓。

  Conversation 1

  W: One of the most interesting experiments with dolphins must be one done by Doctor Jarvis Bastian. What he tried to do was to teach a male dolphin called Bass and a female called Doris to communicate with each other across a solid barrier.

  M: So how did he do it exactly?

  W: Well, first of all, he kept the two dolphins together in the same tank and taught them to press levers whenever they saw a light. The levers were fitted to the side of the tank next to each other. If the light flashed on and off several times, the dolphins were supposed to press the left-hand lever followed by the right-hand one. If the light was kept steady, the dolphins were supposed to press the levers in reverse order. Whenever they responded correctly, they were rewarded with fish.

  M: Sounds terribly complicated.

  W: Well, that was the first stage. In the second stage, Doctor Bastian separated the dolphins into two tanks. They could still hear one another, but they couldn’t actually see each other. The levers and light were set up in exactly the same way except that this time it was only Doris who could see the light indicating which lever to press first. But in order to get their fish, both dolphins had to press the levers in the correct order. This meant of course that Doris had to tell Bass whether it was a flashing light or whether it was a steady light.

  M: So did it work?

  W: Well, amazingly enough, the dolphins achieved a 100 % success rate.

  Questions 19-21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  Q19. What is the purpose of Doctor Jarvis Bastian’s experiment?

  Q20. What were the dolphins supposed to do when they saw a steady light?

  Q21. How did the second stage of the experiment differ from the first stage?

  答案:

  19. D) to see if dolphins can communicate with each other.

  20. A) Press the right-hand lever first.

  21. C) Only one dolphin was able to see the light.

  【解析】

  这篇长对话主要围绕巴斯蒂安博士关于海豚的实验而展开,实验的目的是要教会海豚学会互相沟通和交流讯息。随着男士对实验的发问,女士便对实验的两个阶段进行了详细介绍。这篇长对话整体难度适中,考生只要在平时注意练习和打好词汇基础,想要得满分并不难。需要提醒考生的是,做听力题也要讲究技巧,一定要带着问题去有目的地听,相关的信息着重记忆,不相干的信息迅速忽略。懂得抓题眼和懂得取舍,这样听力才能做得好。

  重点词汇和表达:

  lever n.杠(杆);途径,工具

  in reverse order 以相反的顺序

  be rewarded with 得到奖励

  flashing light 闪光灯

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