Global Shortage of Fresh Water
At present, many people take it for granted that fresh water will never be used up because we can find it not only from the rain, but also in the rivers, lakes and wells. Consequently, it is not necessary for us to worry about global shortage of fresh water.
In fact, the situation has become so serious that everyone should be aware of it and take immediate actions. With the world population increasing rapidly year after year, water resources are being consumed at an appalling speed. What's more, with the development of science and technology, modern industry needs much more water than before. Thirdly, pollution is also a worrying problem—water in rivers and wells becomes undrinkable because of industrial wastes.
We should take urgent measures to protect fresh water resources. The government should increase the efficiency of water usage by such methods as water recycling and purification of sea water. The people, on the other hand, should form the habit of cherishing every drop of water. Last but not least, pollution must be effectively controlled, if we ever want to improve the quality of life.
第一段第一句中的take it for granted表示“想当然”，be used up表示“用完，耗尽”。第三段第一点中的efficiency，recycling和purification分别指“效率”、“再循环”和“净化”。
Why Are There So Many Rural Laborers in Big Cities?
For a number of years, there has been a steady rise in the number of rural laborers who flood into big cities. Many men work on construction sites, while many women work as dishwashers in restaurants or babysitters for city dwellers. Three reasons, in my mind, can account for this social phenomenon.
First and foremost, the limited land can no longer produce enough crops for an ever-increasing rural population. In the second place, there are far more opportunities in big cities—rural laborers dream of earning money through hard work. Last but by no means least, many of them want to live permanently in big cities, because they admire the way of living there, and wish their children to receive good education.
I firmly believe that if we try our best to create a healthy social atmosphere, rural laborers will make greater contribution to our nation.
第一段第二句中的construction site表示“建筑工地”，babysitter表示“帮人看孩子的人”。第二段第一点中的rural指“农村的”；第三点中的permanently和admire分别指“永久地”和“羡慕”，receive education指“接受教育”。
Silence Is Gold
When we talk of the famous proverb "Silence is Gold", we should not simply label it as right or wrong, but explore it in depth.
This proverb is especially true under several situations. First, if we have made a promise not to let out a secret, we should always keep silent. Second, we should avoid talking over facts or statistics of which we are not sure. Third, whenever we are expressing our ideas, brevity is the soul of wit and talking too much will always lead to faults and mistakes.
Nevertheless, there are also some exceptions. If we find out a flaw in other's speaking or writing, we should not hesitate a moment to point it out. And to friends or acquaintances seeking advice, we should feel free to help them.
In a word, we can draw the conclusion that in most cases "silence is gold", but in certain circumstances, talking is the right choice.
第一段中的label...as...表示“将……看作……”，而explore... in depth表示“深入探究……”。第二段第一点中的make a promise表示“允诺”，let out a secret表示“泄露秘密”，keep silent表示“保持沉默”；第三点中的brevity is the soul of wit也是个谚语，表示“言贵简洁”。第三段第二点中的acquaintance指“熟人”。
A Letter of Application
January , 2010
I am writing you this letter to show my keen interest in the post of assistant manager which you advertised in yesterday's China Daily for, as is indicated in the enclosed resume, my major and experiences closely parallel your requirement.
I have always been a top student in my specialized area, biochemistry. I took several other courses in my spare time and excelled in all of them due to my hard work. I am sure such courses as British and American literature and culture, business management and statistics will lend me an edge in the fierce competition in the job market. Another point I want to draw your attention to is that I have been taking an active part in a variety of campus activities. In the due process teamwork spirit has been enhanced and my interpersonal skills improved.
I would like to meet you at your earliest convenience and discuss the possibility of working with your company. Or, if you are too busy these days, you can contact me at 64543575 for further information. Thank you for your favorable consideration.
首段中的keen表示“热切的”， parallel这里做动词，表示“与……相当，比得上”。第二段首句中的specialized area表示“专业领域”；第二句中的excel是不及物动词，表示“突出，超常，胜过他人”；第三句中的edge表示“优势”；第四句中的a variety of等于various,表示“多种多样的”；第五句中的teamwork spirit表示“团队精神”，interpersonal skills表示“人际交往的能力”。
People's Use of the Internet
From the chart we can see clearly that the number of Internet surfers in our country has increased from 26.5 million in July 2001 to 45.8 million in July 2002, and then to 59.1 million in January 2003.
In my mind, the reasons why the Internet surfers are on the rise are as follows. First, the Internet can help us accomplish many tasks, including both work and play—searching for information has become more convenient than ever, and safe online business is no longer a dream. Besides, surfing the Internet is becoming cheaper and cheaper—more and more people can afford it.
The negative effects of the Internet are also clear. To begin with, sitting too long before the computers is harmful to our body, especially our eyes. Second, more and more people become indulged in playing video games or chatting online, which are time-consuming.
All in all, I should say the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. The key lies in whether we can make good use of it to enhance both work and study.
第二段首句中的in my mind意思是“依我看，在我看来”；第三段中的be harmful to意为“对……有伤害”，become indulged in意思是“沉迷于”，time-consuming是“浪费时间”的意思；最后一段首句中的outweigh意为“比……重要”。