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Today in history
时间:2007年01月08日12:55 我来说两句  

 
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  1985: Israel ends major Ethiopianrescuemission

  England haveIsrael has airlifted thousands of JewishEthiopianrefugees out of Sudan, it has emerged.But Operation Moses,whichhas been taking place in secret since 21 Novr 1984, has nowstoppedsince news of the covert airlift became public.Press leakshaveforced the Israeli Government to admit that about 8,000Ethiopiansfleeing famine-struck Ethiopia have now arrived inIsrael.The Arabworld has been angered by Khartoums decision toco-operate withIsrael and allow charter planes to fly from Sudan -which does notrecognise the country.The Israeli Prime Minister,Shimon Peres, hasinsisted that Operation Moses will continue.Jewishpeople fromEthiopia are said to be able to trace their lineage backalmost3,000 years and may be the descendants of King Solomon andtheQueen of Sheba.They are a minority in Ethiopia where themajorreligions are Christianity and Islam.The Jewish communityhassuffered discrimination, particularly in recent years underMarxistPresident Colonel Mengistu Haile Mariam who prohibited thepracticeof Judaism and the teaching of Hebrew.The operation beganfollowingreports last Septr that more Jewish refugees from Ethiopiawerearriving in Sudan, and many were dying from malnutrition .Someofthem, who now live in Israel, claim that details of OperationMoseswas leaked by Israelis who have been alarmed at the numberofJewish refugees from Ethiopia arriving in thecountry.Untilrecently they were not given Jewish status and publicopinion inIsrael on the governments motives for launchingOperation Mosesare mixed.Some believe its reasons are humanitarian,but othersthink the refugees from Ethiopia are simply the latestimmigrantsto settle in Israel and raise the numbers now livingthere.Thereare now between 10,000 and 15,000 Jewish people fromEthiopialiving in Israel.Estimates suggest there is still a similarfigureliving in famine-hit villages in the Ethiopian province ofGondarand 1,000 in refugee camps in Sudan.Jewish people fromEthiopia wholive in Israel claim the publicity surrounding theoperation hasendangered the safety of refugees in Sudan.Thestricken tankeraground in Shetland

  1993: Oil tanker runs aground offShetland

  Artificially 1969:The A tanker carrying 85,000 tonnes of crudeoilhas run aground in hurricane force winds off theShetlandIslands.The captain and crew of the vessel were airliftedto safetyby helicopter when it became clear the disaster wasimminent.TheLiberian-registered MV Braer tanker was on its way fromNorway toCanada when it lost power in Force 11 gales early thismorning.Itran aground on rocks in Quendale Bay, just west ofSunburgh Head,on the south tip of Shetland, just before midday,despite desperateefforts by salvage teams to prevent acollision.Early reportssuggest oil is already pouring from theruptured tanks on thevessel.The Shetland Islands Council hasactivated its majordisaster plan in an attempt to avert a majorenvironmentalcatastrophe in the area, which is internationallyrenowned forseabirds and marine life.But Greenpeace spokespersonPaul Horsmansaid it would be virtually impossible to avert a majorecologicalcatastrophe.The 800-foot vessel was built in Japan in1975 anddoes not have the more modern double hull which wouldlessen thechance of an oil-spillage.Local people in Shetlandhavelong-expected an accident on their remote shores andcontingencyplans to deal with the environmental impact of such adisaster arein place.But a catastrophe on this scale was neverpredicted. TheBraer was carrying twice as much crude oil as theExxon Valdez,which ran aground off Alaska four years ago.TheShipping MinisterLord Caithness has ordered a wide-ranging inquiryinto thedisaster.Vocabulary:

  malnutrition

  : a state of poor nutrition; can result from insufficientorexcessive or unbalanced diet or from inability toabsorbfoods(营养不良) (编辑:赵露)


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