| 一个国际律师组织在德国提出诉讼，矛头指向即将离任的美国国防部长唐纳德·拉姆斯菲尔德及其他数名美方高官，指认他们对美军虐囚事件负有责任，犯有战争罪。律师们以12名曾在伊拉克阿布格莱布监狱遭受虐待的囚犯之名控告拉姆斯菲尔德，称他“指挥并默许虐囚”。提起诉讼的律师称，被告们“指挥、协助或教唆”战争罪行，或是“作为政府高官或军队指挥官，没能制止下属或对下属作出惩处”。这些都是德国法律明文规定属于战争罪行的行为。 US President George W. Bush with Defense Secretary DonaldRumsfeldafter Bush announced Rumsfelds replacement on Novr 8,2006. Civilcenters groups filed a suit with German prosecutors onTuesdayseeking war crimes charges against Rumsfeld for allegedabuse ofdetainees at Abu Ghraib and Guantanamo prisons.[Reuters]|
Lawyers for inmates of Iraqs Abu Ghraib prison and GuantanamoBayasked German prosecutors Tuesday to open a war crimesinvestigationof outgoing US Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeldand other USofficials for their alleged roles in abuse at thedetentioncenters.
Although the lawyers who filed the lawsuit acknowledgedwhilethere was little chance of seeing Rumsfeld in a German jail,thepoint was simply to increase the pressure on top brass they sayareculpable. German federal prosecutors said they would examinethecase.
We are not expecting that Rumsfeld will appear in a court, butweare hoping investigators will begin looking into the case,saidWolfgang Kaleck, a German lawyer involved in the suit.
The 220-page lawsuit, which also names 13 other US officials,wassent to federal prosecutors under a German law that allowstheprosecution of war crimes regardless of where they werecommitted.It alleges that Rumsfeld personally ordered andcondonedtorture.
Bryan Whitman, a Pentagon spokesman, said US officials hadnotseen the complaint, but said media reports suggested itwasfrivolous.
Abu Ghraib is something that the US government hasinvestigatedvery thoroughly, Whitman said, noting more than adozen probes aswell as congressional hearings. The appropriateindividuals havebeen held accountable.
There have been 11 convictions and about a dozen courts-martialinthe United States related to Abu Ghraib.
The suit is brought on behalf of 12 alleged torture victims -11Iraqis held at Abu Ghraib and Mohamad al-Qahtani, a Saudibeingheld at the US military prison in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, whohasbeen identified by the US as a would-be participant in theSept.11, 2001, attacks.
Captured in Decr 2001 along the Afghanistan-Pakistanborder,al-Qahtani would not crack under normal questioning, soRumsfeldapproved harsher methods, according to the testimonybeforeCongress.
After FBI agents raised concerns, military investigatorsbeganreviewing the case and in July 2005 said they confirmedabusive anddegrading treatment that included forcing al-Qahtani towear a bra,dance with another man, stand naked in front of women,and behavelike a dog. Still, the Pentagon determined notortureoccurred.
German prosecutors already declined to investigate a morelimitedlawsuit in 2005, arguing that it was up to the US to holdanyinquiry and that there were no indications US authorities orcourtswould refrain from doing so.
Since then, there have been no efforts in the United States togoup the chain of command - theyve basically been given impunityfromany investigation or prosecution, said Michael Ratner,president ofNew Yorks Center for Constitutional centers, which isbehind thelitigation.
The attorneys think they have a better case this time, armedwithdocuments from 2005 congressional hearings on the al-Qahtanicase.They argue that Rumsfelds resignation last week meansprosecutorsmay be under less political pressure to avoid thecase.