|Hong Kongs outlook|
1984: UK and China agree HongKonghandover
Britain and China have finalised an agreement which will end50years of UK rule in Hong Kong.
The proposal - which will hand control of the colony to Chinain1997 - creates an island of capitalism within acommuniststate.
In a ceremony at the Great Hall of People in Beijing thedocumentwas initialled by the UK ambassador to China, Sir RichardEvans,and the head of the Chinese negotiating team, Zhou Nan.
The British Government has been asked to give its approval tothetreaty which ends two years of hard bargaining betweenthecountries.
Under the accord, the Chinese authorities have agreed HongKongwill maintain a high degree of local autonomy and keep poweroverits social, economic and legal systems.
But China will gain control of the citys defence andforeignaffairs.
The British negotiating team has also persuaded the Chinesetoleave the colony untouched for 50 years and provide a plan foritsfuture.
Sir Richard said the joint declaration was thepracticalembodiment of the imaginative concept of one country,twosystems.
The Governor of the island, Sir Edward Youde, flew straightbackfrom the ceremony to address a special meeting of the HongKongLegislative Council about the agreement.
It constitutes a blueprint for a new stage in HongKongsdevelopment - as such I commend it to this council and tothecommunity at large, he said.Kennedy and Nixon squaring up for their second presidentialdebateon 7 October 1960
1960: Kennedy and Nixon clash in TVdebate
Artificially 1969: FilmTheTheAA More than 60 millionAmericanstuned in to watch the first-ever televised debate betweenthe twocandidates running for the White House.
Republican candidate Vice President Richard Nixon and SenatorJohnF Kennedy, the Democratic candidate, appeared in a studioinChicago, Illinois, for the first of a series of four debates.
The first Great Debate centred on domestic issues.Eachcandidate was given eight minutes to make an opening speech.Therefollowed a series of questions from a panel of correspondents,theneach man was allowed three minutes and twenty seconds for afinalstatement.
Among television viewers, Mr Kennedy was regarded theoutcenterwinner of the first debate. He appeared tanned, confidentandwell-rested after campaigning in California.By contrast,hisopponent had recently spent two weeks in hospital for aseriousknee operation and still looked underweight with apallidcomplexion . He refused any make-up to improve hiscolour.
The debate was presided over by Howard Smith of CBS News.Hiscompany was also the main broadcaster involved.
The panel of questioners included Walter Cronkite of CBSNews,John Edwards from ABC News, John Chancellor of NBC News andFrankSingiser of Mutual News.
Mr Kennedy spoke first of his desire to see America fulfilitseconomic potential and sustain the needs of individualsthroughwelfare programmes.
He continued: I think its time America startedmovingagain.
In his opening statement, Mr Nixon also talked about movingaheadbut he defended the track record of the Republicans sayingthey hadbuilt more schools, hospitals and roads than the previousDemocratadministration.
The questions were wide-ranging - asking the candidatesabouttheir relevant experience for the job of president, to farmpolicy,and the threat from communism within the United States.
The two men disagreed over farm subsidies and how to fundextraspending on education and welfare.
Mr Kennedy said a steady rate of economic growth would bringinsufficient extra tax revenue to pay for his welfareprogramme.
Mr Nixon claimed it would be necessary to raise taxes to payforextra education and medical care.
In his summing up, Mr Nixon said: I stand for programmesthatwill mean growth and progress. But it is also essential thathe(Senator Kennedy) not allow a dollar spent that could bebetterspent by the people themselves.
Mr Kennedy replied: The question before us all...is: canfreedomin the next generation conquer, or are the Communists goingto besuccessful? Thats the great issue. And if we meetourresponsibilities I think freedom will conquer.Vocabulary:
: giving concrete form to an abstract concept（体现；具体化）
: lacking in intensity or bcenterness; dim or feeble（苍白的）
: the color or hue of the skin, esp. of the face（面色；副肤色） (编辑:赵露)