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教育频道 > 高等教育 > 考研 > 同等学力 > 备考辅导
同等学力人员申硕英语统考辅导——词汇2
时间:2006年05月08日14:40 我来说两句(0)  

 
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  Word  List  2

  一、 词汇自测: 请写出下列单词的汉语意思。

  51. accommodation  52. accompany 53. agency

  54. applicable 55. authority 56. blend

  57. character 58. characteristic  59. coast

  60. code 61. consist  62. constitution

  63. counter  64. curve 65 dim

  66. disadvantage  67. dumb 68. echo

  69. economic 70. evaluate 71. excessive

  72. fierce 73. fluent  74govern

  75. imaginary 76. imply  77. largely

  78. mask 79. mate 80. network

  81. neutral  82. oblige 83 participate

  84. partner  85. passion 86 predict

  87. prefer  88. rail  89rank

  90. respond 91. skim  92. slender

  93. strain  94. string  95style

  96. tame 97. tedious 98. theory

  99. wisdom  100. withstand

  二、 词汇过关: 熟记下列单词的汉语意思及其用法。

  accommodation n. 住处, 膳宿

  have ~ for 200 guests可容纳200位客人食宿

  accompany vt. ①陪伴, 陪同 ②伴随, 和……一起发生 ③为… …伴奏

  ~ Tom to the railway station 陪同汤姆去火车站

  Lightning usually accompanies thunder. 闪电通常伴着雷声。

  ~ one's daughter on the piano弹钢琴为女儿伴奏

  agency n. 代理(处), 代办处

  agencies in all parts of South America 南美洲各地的代理处

  applicable a. 适当的, 合适的, 可应用的

  rules ~ to tourists 适用于游客的规定

  authority n. ① (pl.)官方, 当局 ②当权者 ③权力, 权威

  local authorities 地方当局

  the highest ~ in the country国家的最高当权者

  an ~ on biology 生物学权威

  blend vt. 混合

  ~ blue and yellow to make green混合蓝色和黄色使成绿色

  n. 混合物, 掺和物

  a ~ of several varieties 数种不同品种的混合物

  code ①准则, 法规 ②密码, 代码

  live up to the ~ of the school 遵守校规

  message written in ~ 用密码写成的电文

  economic a. 经济(学)的

  in a bad ~ state 经济状况不佳

  character n. ①性格, 品质, 特征 ③人物, 角色 ④(印刷)符号, (汉)字

  change men's ~ for the better 把人的性格变得更好

  the ~ of the Siberian Plains西伯利亚平原的特征

  he amusing and interesting ~s in the play 这个剧中可笑而有趣的人物

  read and write Chinese ~s 读写汉字

  characteristic a. 特有的, 典型的

  be ~ of someone to be cold to strangers某人特有的对陌生人冷淡的性格

  n. 特征, 特性

  the most noticeable ~ 最显著的特征

  coast n. 海岸, 海滨

  the east ~ of Africa 非洲东部海岸

  consist v. ①(of)组成, 构成 ②(in)存于, 存在于

  stars ~ing mostly of hydrogen and helium 主要由氢和氦构成的星星

  ~ in the balance of colors 在于颜色的调和

  constitution n. ①章程, 宪法 ②体质, 素质 ③构造

  a new club ~ 一部新的俱乐部章程

  a very strong ~ 体质健壮

  the physical ~ of the moon 月亮的物理构造

  counter n. ①柜台 ②计数器

  the jewelry ~ 珠宝柜台

  the ~ at the bottom of the recorder录音机底部的计数器

  vt. 反对, 对抗

  ~ the proposal with one's own用自己的建议来对抗这一建议

  a./ad. 反方向的/地, 对立的/地

  be ~ to tradition 违背惯例

  curve n. 曲线, 弯曲

  fly away describing a ~ 划过一道曲线后飞走了

  v. (使)弯曲, (使)成曲线

  ~ the pipe把管子弄弯曲

  dim a. ①昏暗的 ②朦胧的, 模糊不清的

  be too ~ for someone to see太暗看不见东西

  a ~ light in the distance 远方微弱的灯光

  disadvantage n. 不利地位, 不利条件

  a great ~ to someone对某人极为不利

  dumb a. ①哑的 ②无言的

  be born ~ 生下来就是哑巴

  be struck ~ with astonishment 惊讶得讲不出话

  echo n. 回声, 反响

  an ~ in the woods 森林里的回声

  v. 发出回声, 共鸣

  ~ in the corridor在走廊里回响

  evaluate vt. 评价, 估价

  ~ one's ability 评价某人的能力

  excessive a. 过多的, 过分的, 极度的

  ~ drinking 过度饮酒

  fierce a. ①凶猛的, 残酷的 ②狂热的, 极度的 ③猛烈的, 激烈的

  a ~ dog 一条凶猛的狗

  endure the ~ heat of the desert 忍受沙漠里的酷热

  be caught in a ~ storm遇到了狂风暴雨

  fluent a. 流利的, 流畅的

  a ~ speaker of English and Spanish 英语和西班牙语说得很流利的人

  govern ①统治, 治理, 管理 ②支配, 影响

  ~ that country 统治那个国家

  be ~ed by the movements of the moon 受月球运动的影响

  imaginary a. 想像中的, 假想的, 虚构的

  an ~ line一条假想的线

  imply vt. 暗示, 含有……的意思

  ~ one's satisfaction with the result of the exam 暗示对考试结果的满意

  largely ad. 大部分, 主要地

  be ~ due to pride主要由于骄傲

  mask n. ①面具, 面罩, 口罩 ②假面具, 伪装

  gas ~s 防毒面具

  cheat someone under the ~ of friendship假装友好欺骗某人

  vt. ①用面具遮住, 遮盖 ②掩饰, 掩盖

  ~ed robbers 蒙面抢劫犯

  manage to ~ the true feelings设法掩盖住真实感情

  mate n. 伙伴, 同事, 配偶

  go out for the picnic with one's ~s 和伙伴们一起去野餐

  v. (使)成配偶, (使)交配

  birds mating in the spring 在春天进行交配的鸟类

  the mating season 交配季节

  network n. ①网络, 网状系统 ②广播网, 电视网

  a large railway ~ 庞大的铁路网

  state ~s国家广播网广播

  neutral a. ①中立的 ②中性的

  remain ~ during World WarⅡ 在第二次世界大战中保持中立

  ~, acid or alkaline 中性, 酸性或碱性

  oblige vt. ①迫使 ②施恩于, 帮……的忙 ③使感激

  ~ parents to send their children to school 规定父母有义务送孩子上学

  ~ me by taking this parcel to the post office 帮我把这个包裹带到邮局

  be ~d to someone for his kindness非常感激某人的好意

  participate vi. (in)参与, 参加

  ~ in the international trade competition 参与国际贸易竞争

  partner n. ①配偶, 搭档 ②伙伴, 合伙人

  a dance ~ 舞伴

  a business ~ 生意伙伴

  passion n. ①激情, 热情 ②酷爱

  speak with ~ 热情地演讲

  ~ on collecting foreign coins 对收集外国硬币的热中

  predict v. 预言, 预测, 预告

  ~ an eclipse 预测日、 月食

  prefer vt. 更喜欢, 宁愿

  ~ apples to pears苹果和梨中更喜欢苹果

  rail n. ①栏杆, 横杆 ②铁轨, 轨道, 铁路

  lean over the ship's ~ 伏在船的栏杆上

  send goods by ~ 利用火车运送货物

  rank n. ①军衔 ②地位, 社会阶层 ③排, 横列

  the ~ of marshal 元帅军衔

  people of all ~s 各阶层的人士.

  order the front ~ to turn left 命令前排士兵向左转

  vt. 把……分等, 给……评定等级

  ~ Jim as an excellent singer评吉姆为优秀的歌手

  vi. 列入

  ~ among China's greatest scientists被列为中国最伟大的科学家之一

  respond vi. ①回答, 答复 ②(to)响应, 有反应

  ~ to the question 回答问题

  ~ at once to the general strike 对总罢工立即做出反应

  skim vt. ①撇(去) ②掠过, 擦过 ③浏览, 略读

  ~ the fat from the soup 从汤里把油脂撇去

  ~ the rooftops从房顶上擦过

  ~ the evening paper 浏览晚报

  slender a. ①苗条的, 修长的 ②微薄的

  a ~ and graceful woman一位苗条而优雅的女士

  ~ income 微薄收入

  strain n. ①极度紧张 ②张力, 拉紧

  the ~ of modern life 现代生活造成的紧张

  keep a ~ on the strings 把弦拉紧

  vt. ①尽力使用, 使紧张 ②拉紧 ③扭伤, 拉伤

  ~ oneself getting the work finished in time为使工作按时完成而很紧张

  ~ a rope between the two poles 把绳子绷紧在两根杆子之间

  ~ a muscle in the leg 扭伤了腿部的一块肌肉

  vi. 尽力, 努力

  ~ to move the heavy stone 用力想搬走那块沉重的石头

  string n. ①弦, 线, 细绳 ②一串, 一行

  a piece of ~ to tie up the books 一根把书捆起来的细绳

  a ~ of pearls 一串珍珠

  vt. 捆, 缚

  ~ the pearls 把珍珠穿起来

  style n. ①风格, 文体 ②式样, 类型

  write in a concise ~ 用简洁的文体写作

  live in European ~ 过欧洲式的生活

  tame a. 驯服的, 温顺的

  the ~ tigers raised in the zoo 饲养在动物园里的很温顺的老虎

  vt. 驯服, 制服

  ~ animals 驯服动物

  tedious a. 乏味的, 单调的, 冗长的

  ~ complaints 冗长的抱怨.

  theory n. ①理论, 原理 ②学说 ③意见, 看法, 观点

  a ~ about the origin of universe 关于宇宙起源的理论

  agree with the physicist's ~ 同意那个物理学家的学说

  the ~ that drinking wine can prevent heart disease 喝葡萄酒可防止心脏病的理论

  wisdom n. 智慧, 明智

  a man of ~ 有智慧的人

  withstand vt. 经受, 抵住

  ~ the earthquake 经受住地震的考验

  三、 词汇验收: 从A、 B、 C、 D四个选项中选出正确的单词来完成句子(如未能选对, 请回到 “词汇过关” 部分继续熟记该词)。

  1. Nancy shared her husband's   for classical painting.

  A. visionB. reasonC. decisionD. passion

  2. The front of the car can  an impact at 100 miles per hour.

  A. process  B. strain C. withstand  D. smash

  3. We shall be much   if you will kindly lend us your car.

  A. obliged B. glorious C. eager D. compelled

  4. China's economic development was faster than what most western experts  had  .

  A. pointed B. predicted  C. directed  D. awaited

  5. Darwin's of evolution is very important to the development of modern thought.

  A. ideal B. motion  C. theory  D. concept

  6. In this city a family's car also indicates its social  .

  A. grade B. source C. range D. rank

  7.She speaks but not very correct English.

  A. frequent B. flexible C. fluent D. fluid

  8. He accomplished the mission with extraordinary .

  A. wise B. wisdom C. motion D. mood

  9. will be very hard to find during peak seasons at the Yellow Mountains.

  A. Accommodation  B. Access  C. Application  D. Damage

  10. I smiled at her, but she didn't .

  A. emerge B. overcome C. respond D. glimpse

  11. He will become a soldier of the top .

  A. origin B. circle C. cycle D. rank

  12. Constant showers are of the summer here.

  A. necessary B. characteristic C. essential D. distinct

  13. Her   is very good. I've known her for years.

  A. champion B. character C. catalogue D. file

  14. Mrs.Smith was robbed of her handbag by two   men.

  A. joint B. masked C. jealous D. sincere

  15. He didn't have time to read the report word for word. He just it.

  A. swallowed B. chewed C. glanced D. skimmed

  16. The steep path up to the house is its only .

  A. shortage  B. disadvantage  C. accent  D. pride

  17. You should be objective when you his ability.

  A. evaluate  B. evaporate C. illustrate D. accumulate

  18. Your plan is excellent in , but would it succeed in practice?

  A. imagination B. theory C. science D. contrast

  19. Ted has been working in a travel for five years.

  A. union B. mission  C. agency  D. council

  20. This team   of only ten technicians, yet they have made lots of inventions in the past few years.

  A. constitutes  B. consists  C. forms  D. threatens

  21. The mayor and the council  the city.

  A. coordinateB. accelerateC. govern D. control

  22. This elephant was for show.

  A. captured B. arrested C. released D. tamed

  23. I wasn't quite sure what was by his word.

  A. implied B. reflected C. signed D. showed

  24. The cook   the butter and sugar together.

  A. blended B. bloomed C. blasted D. dipped

  25. There are many harbors on the east of our country.

  A. bank B. shore C. coast D. beach

  26. More than one hundred people   in the clean-up-the-campus campaign.

  A. checked B. death C. participated  D. ranged

  27. People with strong   are not often sick.

  A. formation  B. constitution  C. structure  D. tendency

  28. Mrs. Morris'daughter is pretty and , and many girls envy her.

  A. slender  B. slight C. slippery D. sole

  29. The   growth will most likely continue at a rapid pace.

  A. economic B. economy  C. economics D. economical

  30. This country is desert land and can't produce enough grain.

  A. exceedingly B. namely C. highly D. largely

  31. Jenny is always after praise and flattery.

  A. straining B. strapping C. stressing D. strengthening

  32. That novel was very hard to understand, for it was written in a peculiar  .

  A. style B. fashion  C. mode D. pattern

  33. Tomorrow we are to   a group of Canadian businessmen on a trip around the city.

  A. avoid B. accompany C. escape D. secure

  34. Owing to  competition among the airlines, travel expenses have been reduced considerably.

  A. aggressive B. eager C. fertile D. fierce

  35. This material is designed to temperatures of up to 500℃.

  A. withstand B. withdraw C. stretch  D. witness

  36.   rainfall can damage the crops.

  A. Extra B. Excessive C. Diverse D. Sufficient

  37. The weren't in the least interference with the demonstrators.

  A. device B. channels C. customs D. authorities

  38.   quantitiesof water are used nowadays with the rapid development of industry and agriculture.

  A. Extra   B. Glorious C. Competent D. Excessive

  39. I   to swim rather than go to see a film this afternoon.

  A. resign B. fancyC. prefer  D. solve

  40. Tom was cold and conventional in .

  A. character  B. feature C. sketch D. outline

  Key:1—10DCABCDCBAC 11—20 DBBBD BABCB

  21—30 CDAACCBAAD31—40 AABDABDDCA

  

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