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考研英语词汇必备宝典之:熟词僻义

LEARNING.SOHU.COM    2005年8月12日10:06   [ ing3007 ]  来源:[ 你来我网 ] 
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  1

  address vt 处理 To deal with:

  addressed the issue of absenteeism. 处理旷工事宜

  2

  take advantage of 欺骗(deceive) 对……加以利用

  took advantage of the customer. 欺骗消费者

  3

  agent 动因(factor) 代理商

  4

  agreeable adj 高兴的=amiable

  5

  allow 承认(admit),允许

  We must allow that he is right on this matter

  6

  appreciate v.意识到(realize) 抬高…价格、涨价

  I appreciate that I maybe worng.

  This land has appreciated in value.

  这块土地增值了。

  7

  apprehension 忧虑、担心;逮捕(arrest)、理解

  The student looked around the examination room with apprehension.

  那名学生恐惧地观看检查室的四周。

  the apprehension of the terrorists in the early hours of this morning

  8

  apprehensive 理解的 不安的,忧虑的 (afraid)

  apprehensive for sb.'s safety 担心某人的安全

  You have no reason to be apprehensive of the future.

  9

  approach 着手( To begin to deal with or work on),逼近

  approached the task with dread.

  惶恐地开始着手这项任务

  10

  arch adj 调皮的,顽皮的 n.弓形

  an arch smile 调皮的微笑

  He tapped the side of his nose in an uncharacteristically arch gesture.

  11

  argument 论点,论据

  12

  not so much...as"表示"与其说是……倒不如说"。

  1. He is not so much a writer as a reporter.

  2. Science moves forward, they say, not so much through the insights of great men of genius as because of more ordinary things like improved techniques and tool. (摘自真题)

  It's not so much a hobby as a career (= more like a career than a hobby).

  13

  assume 承担,假装,假定,设想,

  assume an obligation 承担义务

  14

  balance sheet 资产负债表

  15

  balance 余额

  Something that is left over; a remainder.

  余额:剩下的某物;余数

  16

  battery n. vt. 殴打 电池组

  17

  bottle up 装入瓶中控制(抑制)To hold in; restrain:

  bottled up my emotions.

  18

  cater 食物,投合(cater for)

  catering 公共饮食 catering industry 公共饮食业

  Most of our work now involves catering for weddings.

  19

  celebrate 赞美( praise), 庆贺

  a sonnet that celebrates love. 歌颂爱情的十四行诗

  celebrated adj. 著名的(noted)

  20

  check 控制 阻碍 The condition of being stopped or held back; restraint:

  kept my temper in check; holding agricultural pests in check with sprays.

  克制我的脾气;用喷雾剂灭农业害虫

  21

  chest 箱子,胸膛

  trunk 箱子、象鼻子、树干

  22

  claim 索赔

  The sum of money demanded. 赔款:要求得到的金额

  You can make a claim on your insurance policy.

  23

  compound n.集中营、围栏隔开或保围的建筑物或建筑群

  24

  compromise 危害(endanger) 妥协

  A concession to something detrimental or pejorative:

  危害:对于一些有害或恶劣情况的让步:

  Such conduct will compromise your reputation.

  如此举动将会损害你的名誉。

  25

  contain v. 制服(To halt the spread or development of)

  The man was later contained by the police.

  26

  social context 社会大环境

  27

  control (科技)对照(实验)

  controlled experiment

  28

  controller 大企业的会计

  29

  couch vt.表达,隐含 n. 躺椅

  The reply was couched in insolent terms.

  回答措辞蛮横

  30

  n&v

  1计算,

  2包括

  there are 10 people in classroom counting 2 teachers

  3控诉的罪 The prison was found not guilty on all counts

  4以为,视为 She was counted among the greatest dancers

  5 有价值 It is not how much you read but what you read that counts

  (重要的不是你读了多少,而是你读了什么)

  6 count for 有价值 To have a specified importance or value:

  Their opinions count for little. Each basket counts for two points.

  他们的观点没什么价值。每投一球得两分

  7 count on 信任 rely on,depend on

  31

  crack down vi 制裁,To act more forcefully to regulate, repress, or restrain

  The police cracked down on speeding. 警察取缔超速行车

  The government cracked down on violators. 政府对于违法者采取严厉手段。

  32

  cream 精华 The choicest part

  33

  crook 小偷,钩子 =thief

  That salesman is a real crook.

  34

  cultivate sb. 结识某人

  He always tried to cultivate famous people

  35

  custom n 海关,关税

  36

  damages 赔偿金(复数)=compensation

  37

  in dealing with 涵盖

  38

  deposit 押金 定金,沉淀

  eft a $100 deposit toward the purchase of a stereo system.

  为了买一套立体声系统,留下了100美元的订金

  39

  desert vt抛弃(abandon),沙漠 deserter 叛离者,逃兵,

  She was deserted by her husband.

  40

  dictate n. 指示(指理智,变心) 指导原则A guiding principle

  followed the dictates of my conscience.

  接受我的良心的支配

  41

  digest 忍受To endure or bear patiently.

  I can't digest her endless complaint noise a moment longer.

  我一刻也忍受不了她那没完没了的抱怨。

  42

  discipline 学科,纪律

  The new recruits were drawn from a range of academic disciplines.

  43

  distinction n.声望(reputation), 荣耀(credit), 区别(difference)

  graduated with distinction. 光荣地毕业

  44

  elaborate vt 表述(To express in greater detail)、创造 adj 精妙的

  asked me to elaborate on my proposal.让我详细说明我的提议

  45

  the elements 天气(一定是复数形式,等同weather)

  The football match went on as scheduled even though the elements were against it.

  尽管天气很坏,足球比赛还是按计划进行。

  46

  embarrass 阻碍(embar v.囚禁, 阻遏)To hinder with obstacles or difficulties; impede.

  What embarrasses your making an early start?

  什么事妨碍你早些动身?

  47

  even n.adj 偶数 (奇数odd)

  48

  exclusive n.独家新闻,专卖店里的商品,adj.排他的,唯一的

  A news item initially released to only one publication or broadcaster.

  独家新闻:只被一家出版社或电台披露的新闻

  An exclusive right or privilege, as to market a product.

  专有权:一项独有的权利或优先权,如推销一种产品

  We feature an exclusive on the mothers whose babies were swapped at birth.

  49

  express adj. 急速的,快捷的

  50

  fare v 生活=live n费用

  Panda cub fares well!

  熊猫崽子活得很好。

  51

  n. 行为举止=behave, 时尚

  He behaves in a very strange fashion. 他的举止很奇怪。

  52

  in favor of 取而代之(instead of) 赞成(in agreement with)

  Community and extended family have been abandoned in favor of isolated, two-generation households.

  53

  feed off sth = depend on sth 依靠

  Financial technology will keep feeding off information technology

  54

  fitting n.配件 adi.适宜的

  55

  fumble v 摸索(grope for) v 失球 To mishandle (a ground ball).

  fumble for a key. 摸索着找钥匙

  A ball that has been fumbled.

  56

  gravity n.重大的后果;严重或重大

  They are still quite unaware of the gravity of their problems.

  他们仍未意识到问题的严重性

  57

  ground 根据,论据(常用复数)

  Often grounds The foundation for an argument, a belief, or an action; a basis.

  常作 grounds 根据:争论,信仰或行动的基础;依据

  Often grounds The underlying condition prompting an action; a cause:

  常作 grounds 理由,原因:促使采取行动的根本条件;原由:

  grounds for suspicion; a ground for divorce.See Synonyms at base 1

  怀疑的原因;离婚的理由参见 base1

  58

  harbor (harbour海港的变体) 窝藏To give shelter to

  harbor refugees; harbor a fugitive. 收留难民;窝藏逃犯

  59

  husband 节省,节俭,保存,管理

  husband one's energy. 保存体力

  to husband one's resources 节约使用资金

  60

  impart 传授,告知,揭发

  To grant a share of; bestow: 分给;授予:给予某物的一部分;赠予:

  impart a subtle flavor; impart some advice. 加少许调料;给予一些建议

  To make known; disclose: 告知;透露:

  persuaded to impart the secret. 劝说透露秘密

  61

  inflammable (in的词头并不是代表否-非常特殊) 易燃的 = flammable

  62

  inspire 吸入,鼓舞 (inspirator 注射器)

  To draw in (air) by inhaling. 吸入空气

  63

  issue n 结果(A final result) vi 造成...结果

  issue from 由于...的原因(用法和result一样)

  His difficulties in his work issue from his lack of experience.

  issue in 结果是,以…结束

  The accident issued in his death.

  这一车祸造成他的死亡。

  64

  kite n. 风筝, 空头支票 vi.使用空头支票 vt. 骗钱

  A piece of negotiable paper representing a fictitious financial transaction and used temporarily to sustain credit or raise money.

  空头支票:代表虚构的金融交易的可转让票据,暂时用于维持信贷或筹集钱款

  65

  knock oneself out to do sth 竭尽全力做某事=go all out to do sth

  66

  lead adj 主要的

  lead role 主要作用,lead guitar 首席吉他手

  67

  be liable to sth 易受…影响,有…可能

  In a depression banks are liable to fail.在经济萧条期间,银行很可能倒闭

  be liable for sth 对…负责

  iable for military service.See Synonyms at responsible

  有服兵役的义务参见 responsible

  68

  materialism 唯物主义, 拜金主义

  69

  measure up to = live up to 符合, 达到, 够得上

  70

  metro 地铁 an underground train system, especially the one in Paris

  71

  might as well 倒不如

  There is nothing to do, so I may as well go to bed.

  没什么事可做,我还是上床睡觉好了。

  72

  might n. 力量,权威

  I pushed the rock with all my might.

  73

  minor n. 未成年人, adj.未成年的

  74

  neat adj 纯的,整齐的

  neat whiskey.纯威士忌

  75

  novel adj. 新颖的

  Job-sharing is still a novel concept and it will take a while for employers to get used to it.

  76

  obscure 不出名的

  an obscure poet; an obscure family.

  不出名的诗人;卑微的家庭

  77

  vt.遵守, 纪念, 观察

  observe the terms of a contract.遵守合同的条款

  observe an anniversary.庆祝周年纪念日

  78

  odd 不出名的, 偏僻的:偏远的;位置偏僻的

  Found the antique shop in an odd corner of town.

  在一个小镇的偏僻角落里发现了这个古玩店

  79

  odd job 临时工作

  80

  better off (尤指钱)达到某数量的,经济状况好的,富裕的

  they are not well off. 他们不富裕

  81

  offset 平版印刷 抵消;

  82

  outstanding 已公开发行且出售的 Publicly issued and sold

  outstanding stocks and bonds. 已发行的股票和债券

  83

  overlook

  1. 遗漏(miss), 忽略(unware)

  You have overlooked several of the mistakes in this work.

  你忽略了这个工作中的几个错误。

  2. 监察(supervise)

  The teacher overlooked our drawing class.

  老师负责我们的图画课。

  3. 眺望,俯瞰

  The tower overlooks the sea. 这座塔楼俯瞰大海

  84

  particular 挑剔的 be particular about

  85

  peach n.桃树 vt. 告发(reveal disclose) vi. 告密 To inform against:

  He has peached me and all the others to save his life

  他告发了我及其他人来保全自己的生命

  86

  phenomenal 异常的;非凡的

  a phenomenal feat of memory.

  非凡的记忆力

  87

  policy n. 保险单, 保险凭证

  He took out a fire insurance policy for his house.

  他参加房屋火灾保险。

  88

  prejudice v. n. 侵害 Detriment, injury or compromise

  to the prejudice of sb.'s rights

  有损于某人的权利

  89

  proceeds n.收入(复数名词)

  The amount of money derived from a commercial or fundraising venture; the yield.

  收入,获利:从商业或基金机构获得的钱;收益

  The proceeds of the concert will go to charity.

  90

  profession n. 公布(declaration), 职业(occupation)

  91

  prospect 期望,勘探,风景 prospect for 勘探

  prospect for oil 勘探石油

  92

  ready

  1.敏捷的 She has a ready tongue 她口齿伶俐

  2.甘愿的 She is always ready to help 她总是乐意助人

  93

  regimen 强化训练课强化身体训练的一课, 政体

  94

  be responsible for 由于…的原因, 对…负责

  The inventions of new materials are responsible for much of the changes in sculpture arts

  95

  royalty 税收,皇室,王权

  A share in the proceeds paid to an inventor or a proprietor for the right to use his or her invention or services.

  专利权税:为使用发明或服务而付给发明者或业主的一部分收益

  96

  scale 攀登,天平 =climb

  He has scaled the heights of his profession.

  97

  scheme n. vt. 阴谋(plot),计划(plan)

  scheming their revenge. 谋划他们的报复

  98

  sought-after adj. 很吃香的;广受欢迎的 sought是seek的过去分词

  a sought-after resort. 受欢迎的旅游胜地

  99

  showy adj 精彩的,卖弄的

  a showy violin solo. 一段精彩的小提琴独奏

  100

  spectacle n. 眼镜(pl), 奇观

  101

  sport vt 炫耀(flash)

  102

  on the spot

  1.立刻(right now)

  2.负责任(Under pressure or attention; in a pressed position.)

  3.在现场

  103

  n.身份,形势=situation the status of world affairs世界局势

  104

  stomach n. 兴致(appetite),胃 vt 忍受;容忍(endure; tolerate)

  had no stomach for quarrels. 没有争吵的兴致

  How can you stomach their affronts?你怎么能够忍受他们的侮辱?

  105

  subscribe v 同意(用法同agree和assent),捐赠,订阅

  To feel or express hearty approval: 同意:

  I subscribe to your opinion.See Synonyms at assent

  我赞成你的意见参见 assent

  106

  tap vt保护(protect),遮蔽 n.帽子

  Foreign governments also put pressure on the Chinese Government to cap its textile exports.

  107

  tap 开采(develop),轻拍,

  The highway taps a large district.

  这条公路开发了一大片地区。

  108

  tell vt. 显示(reveal) 讲述

  As the old group and family values weaken, the discomfort is beginning to tell.

  109

  thrust n 要旨 v 刺

  The essence; the point: 本质;要点:

  The whole thrust of the project was to make money. 计划的核心在于赢利

  110

  only too... 非常very:

  only too pleased 再高兴不过了

  111

  try v. 磨难, 考验 To subject to great strain or hardship; tax:

  The last steep ascent tried my every muscle.

  最后一次攀登使我每块肌肉都爱折磨

  a trying experience 一段痛苦的经历

  112

  tried adj 备受苦难的,可靠的

  Thoroughly tested and proved to be good or trustworthy.

  可靠的,可信赖的:经过完全的考验而证明是好的或值得信任的

  Made to undergo trials or distress. Often used in combination:

  备受苦难的:经过了磨炼或痛苦的。多用于合成词中:

  a much-tried teacher.

  备受磨难的老师

  113

  vitality n.生命力

  vital adj. 致命的

  114

  vt. 辨释=explain,担保

  115

  wild adj 没有根据的Based on little or no evidence or probability; unfounded:

  a wild guess 乱猜, 瞎猜

  116

  yield v 退位

  To give place, as to one that is superior:

  退让,退位:让位于…,如对于上级: 



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