Ice dancing developed from ballroom dancing, particularly the waltz, and was very popular in the early 1900s. It requires well-trained, exact footwork; conformity （协调） with one another’s steps; and a keen sense of timing and rhythm. Ice dancing differs from pairs skating in that ice dancers are restricted(限制) to lifts no higher than the man’s shoulders and there are no jumps. One skate must be on the ice at all times.
Ice dancing competitions are made up of three principal parts: compulsories, original dance, and free dance. In compulsories, partners must perform two dances selected by the ISU, for example, waltz, tango, or polka. Compulsories involve set patterns in which dancers perform and repeat steps at certain points around the arena (竞技场). Although the steps are predetermined, dancers are encouraged to interpret (display) them for artistic charming. Each compulsory dance counts for 15 percent of a pair’s final score.
The original dance, formerly known as the original set pattern dance, requires skaters to design their own performance to their choice of music, set to a speed and rhythm previously announced by the ISU. It counts for 35 percent of the final score, and skaters receive marks for composition and presentation. In the free dance, the partners perform a dance to music of their choice. They are given marks for presentation and style as well as for technical value. This dance counts for 50 percent of the final score.
56. The best title for this passage would be _____.
A. Ice Skating B. Ice Skiing
C. Ice Ballet D. Ice Dancing
57. Ice dancing competitions are made up of three _____ parts: compulsories, original dance, and free dance.
A. unnecessary B. partly C. chief D. important
58. Which part of ice dancing occupies the second important position in ice dancing?
A. Compulsories. B. Original dance.
C. Free dance. D. Snow dancing.
59. Which of the following is NOT mentioned about ice dancing?
A. Well-trained, exact footwork.
B. Conformity with one another’s steps.
C. A keen sense of music.
D. Warm-up exercises.
There was an engineer who had an exceptional gift for fixing all mechanical things. After serving his company heart and soul for over 25 years, he happily retired. Several years later his company contacted him regarding a seemingly impossible problem they were having with one of their multi-million-dollar machines. They had tried everything and everyone else to get the machine fixed, but no help.
In desperation (绝望), they called on the retired engineer who had solved so many of their problems in the past. The engineer unwillingly took the challenge. He spent a day studying the huge machine.
At the end of the day he marked a small X in chalk on a particular part of the machine and proudly stated, “This is where your problem is.” The part was replaced and the machine worked perfectly again.
The company received a bill for $20,001 from the engineer for his service. They told him to make a list of his charges.
The engineer responded briefly:
One chalk mark ... $1
Knowing where to put it ... $20,000.
60. The engineer retired _____.
A. after he had to work in the same company for less than 25 years
B. after he worked in different companies for 25 years
C. after he worked faithfully in the same company for over 25 years
D. after he worked heart and soul in his own company for 25 years
61. Several years after his retirement, the engineer’s company _____.
A. bought a very expensive machine
B. had a very expensive machine out of order
C. placed an order for a very expensive machine
D. had difficulty destroying a very expensive machine
62. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A. The company immediately thought of the retired engineer when the machine didn’t work.
B. The retired engineer happily went to examine the machine.
C. The engineer changed the broken part for a new one.
D. The engineer did find out what was wrong with the machine.
63. What would be the best title for the passage?
A. Priceless Knowledge
B. No Help
C. A Troublesome Machine
D. A Troublesome Day
Knowledge can be gotten from many sources. These include books, teachers and practical experience, and each has its own advantages. The knowledge we gain from books and formal education enables us to learn about things that we have no opportunity to experience in daily life. We can study all the places in the world and learn from people we will never meet in our lifetime, just by reading about them in books. We can also develop our analytical(分析的) skills and learn how to view and interpret（解释） the world around us in different ways. Furthermore, we can learn from the past by reading books. In this way, we won’t repeat the mistakes of others and can build on their achievements.
Practical experience, on the other hand, can give us more useful knowledge. It is said that one learns best by doing, and I believe that this is true, whether one is successful or not. In fact, I think making mistakes is the best way to learn. Moreover, if one wants to make new advances, it is necessary to act. Innovations（革新） do not come about through reading but through experimentation. Finally, one can apply the skills and insights gained through the study of books to practical experience, making a meaningful experience more meaningful. However, unless it is applied to real experiences, book knowledge remains theoretical(理论上的) and, in the end, is useless. That is why I believe that knowledge gained from practical experience is more important than that acquired from books.
64. What would be the best title for the text?
A. Importance of Knowledge
B. Differences between Knowledge and Practice
C. How to Gain Experience
D. Book Knowledge and Practical Experience
65. We can experience the following things by reading books EXCEPT _____.
A. to develop our analytical skills
B. to make the mistakes of others
C. to understand the world around us
D. to learn from other people and about places in the world
66. According to the writer, knowledge gained from practical experience is _____.
A. as important as that from books
B. less important than that from books
C. more important than that from books
D. too limited
67. The writer thinks that making mistakes is the best way to learn, probably because _____.
A. only by making mistakes can we succeed
B. it is necessary for us to make mistakes if we want to be successful
C. making mistakes means giving us more useful knowledge
D. all the book knowledge is gained by making mistakes
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In spite of billions of dollars spent on “educational research”, children are not taught the most basic skills of learning, even the most basic of these: how to use a dictionary. In fact, a search of educational books for children found no book that told them how to use a dictionary or that one should. Written for children 8 to 12-year-olds, this fully illustrated book will teach your child:
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68. According to the advertisements, the four books are all intended for _____.
A. teachers B. adults C. children D. women
69. Some of the four books were illustrated in order to _____.
A. help readers understand them
B. persuade readers to buy them
C. reduce the cost of them
D. make them suitable to different readers
70. If you buy the four books on April 1, 2005, you will have to pay _____ for them.
A. $129.38 B. $111.93 C. $64.69 D. $34.90
71. The purpose of the passage is to _____.
A. introduce the four books to readers
B. help children to learn English
C. enrich students knowledge about nature
D. sell the four books to students
Many people like the feeling of the gentle wind in spring. Many like to see the falling leaves dancing in the wind in autumn. But sometimes, when the wind becomes a storm, it can be very destructive(毁灭性的).
A series of such storms struck the US last month and caused very serious damage and human pain.
Every year, major storms cause many problems around the world. There is nothing people can do to stop these powerful forces of nature. But new techniques are helping scientists to predict(预测) how, when, and where big storms will happen. The more exact scientists’ warnings are, the better people can prepare for the storms.
Predictions are improving. “We’ve gotten better over the years, especially the last few years,” says Phil Klotzback, a scientist at an American university. How is a storm formed? Even if scientists know where a storm will happen, winds can suddenly change, carrying the storm to a new direction. “For a hurricane to happen, conditions have to be just right,” Klotzbach says.
First, the ocean water needs to be warm enough so that it evaporates and rises into the air. As it rises, the vapor(水蒸气) cools and turns back into liquid. This process gives off heat. This produces energy like an engine that causes winds to increase. It drives the formation of a hurricane.
If wind speeds reach 40 miles per hour, the system is called a “tropical storm”, and it gets a name. At 75 miles per hour, it becomes a hurricane.
Hurricanes that hit the US start when a thunderstorm forms off the coast of Africa. Storms also develop over tropical waters in other parts of the world.
On average, 60 or 70 storms form off Africa every year. About 10 of them get names. There are usually about six hurricanes. Two tend to be very big, with winds of 115 miles per hour or higher.
The hurricane season lasts from June to November. Ninety percent of all hurricanes hit in August, September, and October.
72. According to the text, hurricanes usually _____.
A. form off the coast of Africa and America
B. travel at 40 miles per hour and get its name
C. cause sea winds to rise and blow over the sea
D. hit parts of the world in summer and autumn
73. The underlined word “evaporates”(in Paragraph 5) probably means “_____”.
A. begins to move B. gets lost
C. becomes hot D. changes into a gas
74. Which of the following about the information of a hurricane is the correct order?
a. The ocean water evaporates and goes into the air.
b. Heat creates energy and causes winds to increase.
c. The vapor cools.
d. The ocean water is warm enough.
e. The vapor changes back into liquid.
f. This course gives out heat.
A. a, d, e, b, c, f B. a, b, c, f, d, e
C. d, a, c, e, f, b D. d, a, b, c, e, f
75. According to the text, the speed of the biggest two hurricanes reaches _____.
A. 115 miles per hour B. 170 miles per hour
C. 75 miles per hour D. 135 miles per hour