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[同步测试]Unit13 45分钟阅读理解

LEARNING.SOHU.COM    2005年7月26日16:56   [ 江西 邹国如 河南 刘敬业 湖南 周少君 江苏 吕浙 ]  来源:[ 英语周报 ] 
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  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

  A

  The story is about two old people named David and Rosy Jackson. Both of them had very bad memories. For example, Rosy would forget to cook dinner or take vegetables home after paying for them. David would show up for work on Sundays, thinking it was Monday. One winter they were to take a long plane trip. When they arrived at the airport, there were only ten minutes left. In that situation, anyone would get into the plane right away. But David and Rosy didn’t do so. They went to buy some flight insurance instead. Immediately after they put a two-pound note into a machine, their policy (保险单) came out.

  “Who would get the money if the plane crashed, I wonder?” asked Rosy. “My mother, of course,” her husband replied. “We should post the policy to her. Now, be quick! Give me a stamp, will you?” he said to Rosy. “The plane is going to take off in another minute.” David put the stamp on the envelope, dropped it into a postbox, and suddenly he let out a cry.

  What do you suppose happened to him? He had posted their plane tickets to his mother.

  1. Rosy is David’s ______.

  A. friend B. mother C. sister D. wife

  2. This passage tells us that David and Rosy ______.

  A. were always short of time

  B. always did everything in a great hurry

  C. were very forgetful

  D. usually worked on Sundays

  3. David meant to post his mother _____.

  A. two plane tickets B. a two-pound note

  C. the flight insurance D. an empty envelope

  4. Mr Jackson made such a foolish mistake because ______.

  A. he was worried about his mother

  B. he had forgotten to buy a stamp

  C. he was worried about this flight

  D. his memory was poor and he posted the letter in a great hurry

  B

  According to the American Automobile Association (美国汽车协会), since 1964 all cars sold in the United States have been equipped with seat belts (安全带). (These are also called safety belts.) Many studies of automobile accidents have shown that safety belts can save lives. One study showed that forty percent of those killed in auto accidents could have been saved if they had been wearing seat belts.

  Unfortunately, belts are worn only by a small percentage of drivers and passengers — about fifteen percent in cities, and only nine percent in small towns. And safety belts cannot protect people who do not wear them.

  In order to find out what kinds of people do wear seat belts, a study was made in several cities of the United States. The following facts were about those who use their safety belts:

  1. They do not smoke while driving.

  2. They have had more education than non-users.

  3. They know someone who was injured (but not killed) in an automobile accident.

  Advertisements based on these facts have been printed in newspapers and magazines in order to teach people the importance of using seat belts. But these advertisements have not helped much. Some people believe there should be a law requiring (要求) drivers and passengers to use safety belts. In Australia, where there is such a law, deaths in auto accidents have decreased (降低) twenty-four percent.

  5. The passage is mainly about ______.

  A. automobiles in the United States

  B. accidents involving cars

  C. safety belts for drivers and passengers

  D. traffic jams

  6. The passage tells us that in Australia ______.

  A. a law requires drivers and passengers to use seat belts

  B. about 50% of the drivers wear seat belts

  C. the importance of seat belts is advertised in newspapers and magazines

  D. the auto accidents have kept the same percent as in the US

  7. People who live in small towns _____.

  A. have fewer accidents than those who live in cities

  B. are less likely to use seat belts than those who live in cities

  C. welcome the passing of a law to require the use of seat belts

  D. are against the law that requires people to use seat belts

  8. Many studies have shown that seat belts can save lives of those who ______.

  A. never wear seat belts

  B. seldom wear seat belts

  C. are wearing seat belts when the accidents happen

  D. sit at the back of the cars

  C

  It’s perfectly normal for young children to suddenly decide they hate everything — even foods they loved yesterday. It’s also common for them to go on what experts call food jags — that is, they want to eat the same few foods over and over again at every meal, while turning up their noses at anything new. “It’s a fear of new things,” says Nancy Hudson, a researcher in University of California, Berkeley. “We think it’s one of those quirks(怪癖) that humans probably developed to protect themselves as mankind came into this world. You don’t try new things because you don’t know if they’re safe.” Children like familiar things, whether they’re their beds or their afternoon tea, so most kids won’t try new foods until they’ve been shown to them many times.

  Picky(挑剔的) eating can also be a child’s way of showing his independence. This is why forcing a child to eat often makes things worse. Finally, it may seem like your child cannot sit still long enough to eat very much at one sitting because of his short attention. But children are generally good at getting what they need, even if it doesn’t seem like much to you. In any case, you can try to keep your child at the table longer by making mealtime as calm and regular as possible, without too many distractions(分心的事物) like toys, TV, or pets.

  9. How many reasons does the writer mention in this passage to explain why children are mostly picky eaters?

  A. Three. B. Two. C. Four. D. One.

  10. What does the phrase “turning up their noses at” in Paragraph 1 mean?

  A. Accepting. B. Disliking.

  C. Putting their noses on. D. Fearing.

  11. Which statement is TRUE according to the passage?

  A. Only children like things which they are familiar with.

  B. Toys are not good for children.

  C. It seems that children like eating more when they have something they like in their hands.

  D. Make it a rule to let your child eat at the table when mealtime comes.

  12. According to the writer, one of the ways to have children eat new foods is ______.

  A. telling them stories while they’re eating

  B. not giving them any food until they’re very hungry

  C. letting them become familiar with the new foods

  D. explaining to them how useful the new foods are

 

 

  Key: 1-4 DCCD 5-8 CABC 9-12 ABDC

  

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