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[双语新闻]-达芬奇画室重见天日(图)

LEARNING.SOHU.COM    2005年1月17日09:25    来源:[ 中国日报网站 ] 
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[双语新闻]-达芬奇画室重见天日(图)
 

  Found: the studio where Leonardo met Mona Lisa

  One of the enduring mysteries of the Renaissance has been resolved with the discovery of the workshop of Leonardo da Vinci in Florence, it was announced yesterday.

  The workshop, where Leonardo painted and drew in the early 1500s, is in the monastery of Santissima Annunziata in the centre of Florence. It is decorated with frescoes thought to be by Leonardo and his students. It was here that Leonardo is likely to have met the woman who inspired the Mona Lisa and worked on The Virgin and Child with St Anne, one version of which is held by the National Gallery.

  His workshop was discovered during restoration of part of the monastery occupied for the past 100 years by the Institute of Military Geography. Cristina Acidini, head of conservation and restoration in Florence, said it was an "emotional moment" when the worskhop was found.

  "We need to do more research, but these frescoes are very encouraging," Acidini said.

  One striking fresco depicts the face of a winged angel flanked by birds, thought to be a representation of the Annunciation. Scholars said it bore a resemblance to an Annunciation by Leonardo in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence. Alessandro Vezzosi, a leading Leonardo expert, said the discovery of the workshop "will enable scholars better to understand the context in which Leonardo worked".

  Leonardo, who was born in Tuscany and passed his early career in Florence, returned to the city at the age of 48 after 17 years in Milan at the court of Duke Ludovico Sforza, who fell from power in 1499.

  While at Santissima Annunziata Leonardo worked on The Virgin and Child with St Anne, acclaimed at the time as one of his masterpieces, and also painted Madonna of the Yarnwinder, which today survives only in copies.

  Leonardo left Santissima Annunziata in 1502 to serve as military architect and engineer to Cesare Borgia, the notorious son of Pope Alexander VI. But he returned to Florence after ten months to paint the Mona Lisa, among other masterpieces, and stayed until 1506, when he returned to Milan.

  The discovery was announced at a press conference coinciding with the opening of a Leonardo exhibition at the Palazzo Panciatichi in Florence and another on the Atlantic Codex and Leonardo's inventions at the Palazzo Corsini in Rome.

  (Agencies)

  达芬奇画室重见天日——当里昂纳多遇上蒙娜丽莎

  据外电昨天(1月12日)报道,文艺复兴时期遗留的众多疑团之一已随着里昂纳多·达芬奇画室在佛罗伦萨重见天日而破解。

  达芬奇曾在16世纪早期使用这间画室。它位于佛罗伦萨城中心桑蒂西马·阿努佳塔修道院内,墙上装饰有壁画,据信为里昂纳多大师和他的学生们的亲作。里昂纳多可能就是在这里遇到了使他产生《蒙娜丽莎》的创作灵感的女子,并在这里创作了《圣母、圣婴与圣安妮》(该作品的一个版本现存于意大利国家艺术馆)。

  他的画室在重建该修道院的部分(设施)时被发现,过去的100多年中这里一直为军事地理研究所占用。负责佛罗伦萨(古迹)保护重建工作的克里斯蒂纳·阿斯德尼说,发现画室时是“激动人心的一刻”。

  阿斯德尼说,“我们还需要做更多调查,但这些壁画十分令人振奋。”

  (其中)一幅惊人的壁画描绘了一位两侧有群鸟簇拥的有翼天使的面部,据信这是《天使报喜》中的代表(形象)。学者们认为该作品与佛罗伦萨市乌菲至兹美术馆的一幅达芬奇藏品《天使报喜》相象。著名的达芬奇研究专家阿列桑德罗·维佐西说,画室的发现“将帮助学者们更好地理解达芬奇创作的环境。”

  达芬奇生于意大利托斯卡纳,早期曾在佛罗伦萨进行创作,17年后48岁的达芬奇重返此地。期间他在米兰效力于公元1499年失权的公爵鲁多维克·史佛尔扎。

  达芬奇在桑蒂西马·阿努佳塔修道院创作了名噪一时的代表作《圣母、圣婴与圣安妮》和今天仅存有复制品的《圣母与卷线轴》。

  1502年达芬奇离开桑蒂西马·阿努佳塔,在声名狼藉的罗马教皇亚历山大六世之子凯萨·波吉亚手下担任军事建筑师及工程师。但10个月后他重返佛罗伦萨,创作了《蒙娜丽莎》及其他名作,直到1506年才返回米兰。

  该发现是在一次新闻发布会上宣布的。与之同期开幕的还有佛罗伦萨Palazzo Panciatichi和Atlantic Codex举办的达芬奇作品展、以及在罗马Palazzo Corsini举办的达芬奇发明展。

  (中国日报网站译)

  

  Vocabulary:

  flank: to be placed or situated at the flank or side of: 位于…之侧被放在或位于…的侧面或两边)

  Annunciation : the angel Gabriel's announcement to the Virgin Mary of the Incarnation; the Christian feast celebrating this event(天使报喜,圣母领报天使加百列向圣母马利亚传报耶稣将经由马利亚而降生;天使报喜节)

  

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