Formula 1 Terminology
Formula 1 is a highly technical sport. Consequently, it has a very complicated terminology not too unlike that used by pilots. Even native speakers find it difficult to understand, especially if they do not follow the sport closely. Don't worry! Bilingual Time has prepared an introduction to the most important terms of Formula 1 to get you started.
Aerodynamics: The study of airflow over and around an object.
Chicane: A tight sequence of corners in alternate directions.
Down force: The aerodynamic force that is applied in a downward direction as a car travels forwards. This is harnessed to improve a car's traction and its handling through corners.
Drive-through penalty: One of two penalties that can be handed out ⑤at the discretion of the Stewards whilst the race is still running. Drivers must enter the pit lane, drive through it complying with the speed limit, and re-join the race without stopping.
Formation lap: The lap before the start of the race when the cars are driven round from the grid to ⑥form up on the grid again for the start of the race.
Jump start: When a driver moves off his grid position before the five red lights have been switched off to signal the start. Sensors detect premature movement and a jump start earns a driver a penalty.
Marshal: A course official who oversees the safe running of the race. Marshals have several roles to fill, including observing the spectators to ensure they do not endanger themselves or the competitors, acting as fire wardens, helping to remove stranded cars/drivers from the track and using waving flags to signal the condition of the track to drivers.
Pit board: A board held out on the pit wall to inform a driver of his race position, the time interval to the car ahead or the one behind, plus the number of laps of the race remaining.
Pits: An area of track separated from the start/finish straight by a wall, where the cars are brought for new tires and fuel during the race.
Pole position: The first place on the starting grid, as awarded to the driver who lapped fastest during Saturday's qualifying session.
Pre-Qualifying: The period in which drivers are allowed one flying lap to set the best time they can. The results determine the running order for qualifying, with the fastest man in pre-qualifying getting to run last in qualifying.
Qualifying: The period in which drivers are allowed one flying lap to set the best time they can. The fastest driver in qualifying takes pole position.
Safety Car: The course vehicle that is called from the pits to run in front of the leading car in the race ⑦in the event of a problem that requires the cars to be slowed.
Splash and dash: A pit stop in the closing laps of the race when a driver calls in for just a few litres of fuel to be sure of making it to the finish.
Steward: One of three high-ranking officials at each Grand Prix appointed to make decisions.
Stop-go penalty: A penalty given that involves the driver calling at his pit and stopping for 10 seconds - with no refueling or tyre-change.
stationary /`steiH(9)n9ri/ adj.固定的
disqualify /dis`kw4lifai/ vt.使丧失资格
lap /l2p/ n.(跑道的)一圈
hazard /`h2z9d/ n.冒险；危险
overtake /`9uv9`teik/ vt.赶上
deem /d1m/ v.认为；相信
slippery /`slip9ri/ adj.滑的；光滑的
harness /`h3nis/ n.利用(天然力等)产生动力
grid /Grid/ n.(赛车)起始位置