the bilingual bar
the summer season
Anton，我在网上看到这样一个标题，“BBC3 unveils summer season with Asian drama”。“Summer Season” 这个词在这里是指什么呢，我想不应该只是指“夏季”吧？能否告诉我“ Summer Season”有什么特殊意义或文化含义吗？
ANTON: 你很细心哦。对，“Summer Season”这个词确实有丰富的文化内涵。表面的意思是指“英格兰夏日”，但它又不仅仅代表一个季节，因为它就像一个节日似的，在英国很传统，也很受欢迎。弄明白了它，你对英国就会有更深的了解了。
The Summer Season could be said to epitomize all that is traditionally English about England. What it is, is hard to define. Simply put, one could say that it is a series of social events that ①take place through the summer and their attendant parties and occasions. At its peak, when Britain was the most powerful country in the world, with an Empire around the globe providing huge wealth, the Season was an expression of the confidence of the English ruling class. It could be said nowadays to be something of a farce and very different from the exclusivity of its earlier form.
So what is it? Well, there are various events that ②are regarded as key dates of the Season. Many of these are great sporting occasions, although many of the fashionable who flock to them, do so, not for the formal sport on display, but rather for the sport of displaying themselves. Others are cultural events such as music and opera. However, all form a period of hectic social activity, although the pressure to be seen at all is not as it was at the season's height in the days of Empire. In modern Britain the season is more of an opportunity for corporate entertainment and sponsorship.
The season was always an exclusive thing to which only the “upper crust” was admitted. Nowadays however, in a Britain were family background is not so firmly ③equated with social position, the great events of the season are more of an opportunity for corporate hospitality. What this means is that they have been ④transferred from the domain of one elite to another. The traditional Englishness of the events has not been lost however, after all that is why they earn money for their sponsors. For any tourist wandering through England in the summer a trip to one of these events would perhaps be the highlight of their tour.
epitomise /i`pit9maiz/ v. 写……的梗概；作为……的缩影
peak /p1k/ n.山峰；顶峰
farce /f3s/ n.闹剧；滑稽剧
exclusivity /iks`kl6siviti/ n.排他性
flock /fl4k/ v. 群集；成群
hectic /`hektik/ adj.发热的；紧张兴奋的
corporate /`k5p9rit/ adj. 公司的；企业的
sponsorship /`sp4ns9Hip/ n.发起；主办
upper crust n. 贵族阶层；上流社会
hospitality /,h4spi`t2liti/ n. 款待；好客
highlight /`hailait/ n. 精彩场面；最显著的部分
① take place发生；举行
A: What took place there?
B: A car accident happened there just five minutes ago.
② be regarded as ...被认为是……
A: The offer is regarded as absurd.
B: Really? I will have another think about it.
③ equate with同等
A: We cannot equate the GDP of the USA with that of a developing country.
B: Yes, I agree with you absolutely.
④ transfer from ...to ...由……转移到……
A: The head office has been transferred from Chicago to New York.
B: Good news for Tony, cause his hometown is New York.
Some of the great events of the season are Henley Royal Regatta, Wimbledon, Cowes Week and Glyndebourne.
Henley Royal Regatta established 1839 is perhaps the most famous of rowing events in the world; a hugely traditional English sporting occasion, where the fashionable crowds mingle on the riverbank, glasses of Pimms in hand and probably more than half with their backs to the river. Crowds of young men in colourful stripy blazers ⑤surge up on the bars while throngs of elegant young ladies gather to discuss the athletes. Veterans of former eras lounge or doze in the chairs occasionally opening an eye as their former college races by. Everyone is drunk, the hot sun exacerbating the effect of the cold drinks that are so sort after.
regatta /ri`G2t9/ n.帆船比赛；赛舟会
mingle /`miMGl/ v. 使混合；混合起来
throng /Fr5M/ n. 人群
exacerbate /eks`2s8beit/ v.加重；恶化
⑤ surge up 涌起
A: It seems that envy is surging up within Mary.
B: Well, Mary is a lady filled with envy.
Another classic date in the diary of the English Summer Season is Wimbledon. The Lawn Tennis Championships at Wimbledon have developed from the garden party atmosphere of the first meeting in 1877, witnessed by a few hundred spectators, to a highly professional tournament attracting an attendance of over 500,000 people and, through the press, radio, Internet and television, a following of millions throughout the world. Just as with Henley Regatta Wimbledon is a quintessentially English summer event and for some reason is now heavily ⑥associated with the eating of strawberries and cream!
The first Glyndebourne Festival took place in 1934. It was the inspiration of John Christie, who inherited the Glyndebourne estate in 1920, and wanted to present “not the best we can do, but the best that can be done anywhere.” The Glyndebourne Festival is now established as one of the world's finest opera Festivals. It runs from May - August each year and presents six productions.
witness /`witnis/ v. 目击；目睹
tournament /`tu9n9m9nt/ n. 比赛；锦标赛
quintessentially /,kwinti`senH9li/ adv. 精萃地；精髓地
inspiration /,insp9`reiH9n/ n.灵感；妙想
inherit /in`herit/ v.继承
prestigious /pres`ti_i9s/ adj. 享有声望的；声望很高的
yachting /`j4tiM/ n.游艇比赛
concept /`k4nsept/ n.概念；观念
appeal /9`p1l/ v.请求；吸引
element /`elim9nt/ n..成分；元素
⑥ associate with...与……有关系
A: Christmas is at hand!
B: We associate Christmas with presents.
⑦ draw ...back 把……拉回来
A: Why is Lily going to draw Peter back?
B: Because she knows that Peter will make things worse there.
The largest and most prestigious week in the sailing calendar gets underway in the Solent in mid-summer. The Cowes regatta is the longest-running regular yachting regatta in the world. Cowes Week originated in the 1800's and, with its many traditions, has been part of the British Summer social season for many years. The first official regatta was held in 1812, and then 14 years later, on August 10th in 1826, the Royal Yacht Squadron formally organized three days of racing in the waters of the Solent. The social high spot still holds the same traditions 176 years on - with yacht club balls, dinners, cocktail parties and concerts throughout the week.
The Summer Season is a social concept and the emphasis is on having fun. As such many of the events are not just about the main attraction, part of the appeal is for instance in the picnics that people set up and the elegant dress that is often required. It is these elements that make the English Summer season what it is, the sense of tradition that keeps ⑦drawing people back.