The Revival of Political May Day
May Day became a radical holiday where revolution was often ③in the air so it is not surprising that reactionary governments tried to undermine it. In America, another holiday was implemented, Labour Day. This was an establishment attempt to pacify the more moderate workers by honouring their contribution to the construction of the country and it has largely worked, as May Day has lost its power in America.
Although May Day never became an established day of radical worker politics in the USA, in many other countries around the world it certainly did. Throughout Europe, including Britain and France, Russia and China all developed a tradition of May Day marches. Of course, once socialist governments ④ took control in Russia, Eastern Europe and later China, May Day became a formal government sponsored holiday.
remembrance /ri`membr9ns/ n.回想；记忆
campaign /k2m`pein/ v.参加活动；从事活动
ensure /in`Hu9/ v. 确保；保证
culminate /`k7lmineit/ v.达到顶点
strike /straik/ n.罢工
spurious /`spju9ri9s/ adj.伪造的；假造的
solidarity /,s4li`d2riti/ n.团结
reactionary /ri`2kH9n9ri/ adj.反作用的；反动的
implement /`impliment/ v.贯彻；实现
sponsor /`sp4ns9/ v.发起；主办
subversive /s7b`v8siv/ adj.颠覆性的；破坏性的
exhilarating /iG`zil9reitiM/ adj.令人喜欢的；爽快的
repulsion /ri`p7lH9n/ n.厌恶；嫌弃
rite /rait/ n.仪式；典礼
prevalent /`prev9l9nt/ adj.普遍的；流行的
erection /i`rekH9n/ n.直立；竖起
maypole /`meip9ul/ n. 五月柱
deride /di`raid/ v.嘲弄；嘲笑
incest /`insest/ n.乱伦
frill /fril/ n.装饰
rhythmically /`riNmikli/ adv.有节奏地
dandy /`d2ndi/ n.花花公子
② protest against 抗议
A: Have you seen the news that thousands of people blocked the street, protesting against the new legislation yesterday?
③ in the air 在流传中
A: There is a sense of excitement in the air.
B: No surprise there. They just won the game.
④ take control 掌控
A: When did the communists take control in China?
B: The communists took control in 1949.
⑤spring up 兴起
A: Fast-food restaurants are springing up all over town.
B: Yes, just in the blink of an eye.
⑥ be fundamental to 必要的
A: Water is fundamental to survival.
B: So is air.