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2013GCT B卷 第四部分外语运用能力测试

来源:搜狐教育 作者:清华在线

第四部分  外语运用能力测试(英语)

(50题,每小题2分,满分100)

 

  Part One   Vocabulary and Structure

  Directions:

  There are ten incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

   

  1. Our family ____________ not to exchange Christmas gifts this year.

    A. has agreed                    B. had agreed

   C. have agreed                   D. agrees    

   

  2. We expected about 20 guests but there were ____________ people there.

    A. any                          B. other

    C. more                         D. some

   

  3. Computers _____________ 5% of the country's commercial electricity consumption.

    A. pay for                        B. stand for

    C. provide for                     D. account for

   

  4. The museum has been temporarily closed _____________ the public.

    A. to                            B. with  

    C. on                            D. for

   

  5. If I had not been enjoying the work, I ____________ so much of it.

    A. would not do                  B. should not have done

    C. should not do                  D. would not have done

   

  6. ____________ may seem helpful behavior to you can be understood as interference by others.

    A. It                           B. What        

  C. That                         D. Which

   

  7. No ready technical data available, we managed to ______ them.

    A. go without                    B. go off

  C. go up                         D. go down  

   

  8. The basic causes are unknown though certain conditions that may lead to cancer have been__________.

    A. conveyed                     B. identified 

    C. notified                      D. guaranteed

   

  9. _________is known to all, good friends add happiness and value to each other's life.

    A. As                           B. Since

  C. Like                          D. Though

  10. The actor and actress provided superb interpretations of their ___________ roles.

  A. respectful                    B. respecting      

  C. respective                    D. respected

   

  Part Two   Reading Comprehension

  Directions:

  In this part there are three passages and one table, each followed by five questions or unfinished statements. For each of them, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the cent.

   

  Questions 11-15 are based on the following passage:

  Ernest Hemingway wrote a short story called "The Capital of the World." In it he tells' about a Spanish father who wants to reconcile (和解) with his son who has run away to Madrid. In order to locate the boy he takes out this ad in the newspaper: "Paco, meet me at Hotel Montana at noon on Tuesday. All is forgiven. Love, Papa."

  Paco is a common name in Spain, and when the father goes to the square he finds 800 young men named Paco waiting for their fathers.

  What drew them to the hotel? As Hemingway tells it, it was the words "All is forgiven." The father did not say, "All WILL BE forgiven IF you do this or that." Not, "All WILL BE forgiven WHEN you do such and such." He simply says, "All is forgiven." No strings attached.

  And that's the hard part—un—attaching the strings. The origin of the expression "no strings attached" may go back to ancient times when documents were written on parchment (羊皮卷) that were rolled up and secured with a string.

  The Babylonian Talmud (犹太法典) tells of a man who gives his wife a bill of divorce on such a parchment, but holds onto the string so that he can snatch it back, should he choose to do so. The divorce, therefore, is not considered valid since he will not give it freely. Similarly, love, forgiveness or friendship that is given with strings attached are not valid, since they can be snatched back at any time.

   

  11. The father's ad in the newspaper __________.

     A. made the son apologize to him     B. was a means to persuade the son

     C. touched the hearts of many sons    D. solved the problem with his son

   

  12. By saying "All is forgiven", the father intends to ____________.

     A. win his son's forgiveness       B. forget about the unpleasant past  

     C. leave his son alone            D. reconsider his son's problems

   

  13. The expression "no strings attached" means" _____________"

     A. without conditions            B. without conflict of interest

     C. without explanations          D. without treatment

                           

  14. It can be learned from the last paragraph that ____________.

     A. the man wanted to give his wife freedom

     B. the wife refused to give her husband a free divorce

     C. the wife did not want to divorce her husband

     D. the man gave his wife a restricted divorce

   

  15. It can be concluded from the passage that ____________.

     A. true love should be unconditional

     B. family members should learn to forgive each other

     C. successful marriage requires complete freedom

     D. human emotions should not be restricted

   

  Questions 16-20 are based on the following table:

Marital Status in the UK in 1991 and 2011

  Marital Status

  Percentage in 1991

  Percentage in 2011

  Male

  Female

  Male

  Female

  Single

  24

  19

  34

  26

  Married

  71

  65

  54

  52

  Widowed

  4

  15

  4

  13

  Divorced

  1

  1

  8

  9

   

  16. Which marital status shows the least difference between males and females?

     A. Single.                    B. Widowed.

     C. Divorced.                  D. Married.

   

  17. Which of the following had the highest marriage rate?

     A. Females in 1991.            B. Females in 2011.

     C. Males in 1991.              D. Males in 2011.  

   

  18. The percentage of females out of marriage in 2011 was ____________.

     A. 48                 B. 35

     C. 34                 D. 26

   

  19. Which group showed the greatest change over the 20 years?

     A. Single men.                  B. Married men.

     C. Single women.                D. Married women.

   

  20. What characteristic can be found from the table?

     A. Most people chose to get married in both years.

     B. More males stayed single in 1991 than in 2011.

     C. More females than males got divorced in both years.

     D. Unmarried population increased obviously in both sexes.

   

   

   

  Questions 21-25 are based on the following passage:

   

       In the past, degrees were very unusual in my family. I remember the day my uncle graduated. We had a huge party, and for many years my mother called him "the genius" and listened to his opinion. Today in comparison, five of my brothers and sisters have degrees, and two are studying for their masters'. However, some people think that this increased access to education is devaluing degrees.

       People have several arguments against the need for degrees. They say that having so many graduates devalues a degree. People lose respect for the degree holder. It is also claimed that education has become a rat race. Graduates have to compete for jobs even after years of studying. Another point is that studying for such a long time leads to learners becoming inflexible. They know a lot about one narrow subject, but are unable to apply their skills. Employers prefer more flexible and adaptable workers.

       However, I feel strongly that this move to having more qualifications is a positive development. In the past education was only for the rich; and powerful. Now it is available to everyone, and this will have many advantages for the country and the individual. First of all, it is impossible to be overeducated. The more people are educated, the better the world will be, because people will be able to discuss and exchange ideas. A further point is that people with degrees have many more opportunities. They can take a wider variety of jobs and do what they enjoy doing, instead of being forced to take a job they dislike. Finally, a highly educated workforce is good for the economy of the country. It attracts foreign investment.

       In conclusion, although there are undoubtedly some problems with increased levels of education, I feel strongly that the country can only progress if all its people are educated to the maximum of their ability.

   

  21. What can we learn about the author's family?

     A. They used to disregard education.

     B. They are overeducated now.

     C. There are now more educated members than in the past.

     D. Few members were allowed to go to school in the past.

   

  22.The word "it" in the last sentence of Paragraph 3 refers to" _____________.

     A. education                     B. country

     C. economy                      D. workforce

   

  23. The author believes that education ____________.

     A.brings more job opportunities      B. makes people inflexible

     C. reduces the value of degrees       D. increases job competition

   

  24. What is the author's purpose of writing this passage?

     A. To explain a complicated idea.      

  B. To argue about a disputed issue.

     C. To describe a social phenomenon. 

  D. To demonstrate a research result.

  25. Which of the following is probably the best title for the passage?

     A. Degree No Longer Matters      B. Problems with Education

     C. Graduation and Jobs           D. Education is Still Valuable

   

  Questions 26-30 are based on the following passage:

       In a global survey released in 2012, half the responders admitted to buying things they really did not need. Two thirds are worried that consumers are buying too much. Such concerns may be justified. Many consumers have become trapped in debt.

  Researchers say that instead of making us more satisfied, high levels of consumption may lead to greater stress and unhappiness!

       As consumers, we are subjected to a great amount of marketing. What is the goal of marketers? To mm wants into needs. Marketers know that consumer behavior is driven largely by emotion. So advertisements and the shopping experience itself are designed for maximum emotional appeal.

       When you ask a consumer: Why do you buy so much? He or she may answer: I want to improve my quality of life. It is natural that people want a better life. Advertisers bombard us with messages that all of our desires—better health, security, relief from stress, and closer relationships—can be achieved by making the right purchases.

       But actually, as our number of possessions increases, our quality of life can actually decrease. Additional time and money are needed to care for more material things. Stress levels rise because of pressure from debt, and there is less time for family and friends. So you should protect yourself from becoming a victim of clever marketers. You should put emotion aside, and compare marketing promises with reality.

   

  26. The first paragraph tells us that ____________.

     A. excessive buying is common

     B. most consumers are trapped in debt

     C. half the things people buy are not needed

     D. consumption brings satisfaction

   

  27. According to the author, the goal of marketers is to ____________.

     A. make more money by cheating

     B. carefully study the consumers' emotion

     C. make sure the consumers' needs are met

     D. turn the consumers' desires into consumptions

   

  28. Many consumers are buying too much, because ____________.

     A. they want to stay in fashion

     B. they tend to be attracted by ads

     C. they enjoy the shopping experiences

     D. they don't know what they really need

   

  29. The word "bombard" in the third paragraph is closest in meaning to" _____________".

     A. break                        B. convince

     C. attack                        D. supervise

   

  30. The purpose of the author in writing this article is to _____________.

     A. reveal marketing tricks

     B. analyze consumer behavior

     C. explain the working theory of ads

     D. advise people against over-spending

   

  Part Three Cloze

  Directions:

   There are ten blanks in the following passage. For each numbered blank, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.  Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

   There once was a master who came to India, perhaps from Persia. When he got there, he saw a lot of   31   . In India they have plenty of fruit to sell, but much of it is expensive. So he saw a big basket of some very red, long fruit, the cheapest in the shop. He bought a whole kilogram of the fruit and started   32   it. But after he ate some of it, his eyes and mouth   33   and burned, and his face became red. He coughed and choked, jumping up and down.

   But he still continued to eat the fruit! Some people who were   34   him said, "Those are hot peppers! People use them as a flavor, but only a little bit to put into food for   35. You can't just eat   them   36   that; they're not fruit!" But the stupid master said, "No, I can't stop! I   37   money for them, and now I'll eat them. It's my money!"

   And you think that master was stupid, right?  38, we sometimes do a lot of things like that. We invest money, time or effort in a relationship, business or job. Even though bitter experience tells us it won't work, we still continue just   39   we've invested money, time, effort and love into it. Just like the man who ate the peppers and   40   so much but couldn't stop because he didn't want to waste the money he'd paid.  

31. A. fruit             

  B. peppers       

  C. baskets

D. people

32. A. consuming             

  B. selling

  C. eating 

  D. biting

33. A. water           

  B. watered   

  C. watering  

D. waters

34. A. dealing with       

  B. playing with

  C. laughing at

D. looking at

35. A. taste                  

  B. smell 

  C. nutrition  

D. health

36. A. as                       

  B. like 

  C. for      

  D. with

37. A. spent                  

  B. paid    

  C. earned 

  D. made

38. A. Similarly       

  B. Hopefully      

  C. Traditionally

  D. Unexpectedly

39. A. when                      

  B. if  

  C. since   

  D. because

40. A. invested           

  B. enjoyed   

  C. suffered   

  D. complained

   

  Part Four   Dialogue Completion

  Directions:

  In this part, there are ten short incomplete dialogues between two speakers, each followed by four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that most appropriately suits the conversational context and best completes the dialogue. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

   

  41. A: I ordered a book from you last Saturday. It hasn't arrived yet.

  B: Please tell me the serial number on your order sheet. _____________

  A. You won't regret              B. I'll run a check for you

  C. I promise                    D. Trust me

   

  42. A: Would you rather watch TV or go for a walk?

     B: The TV program is good today. ____________

     A: Cool. Let's go.

     A. What a pity!                  B. You know what I mean.

     C. I hate to leave.                D. But I need the exercise more.

   

  43. Traveler: When does the next bus for London leave?

     Ticket officer: There's one leaving in 30 minutes, Gate 2.

     Traveler: _____________

     A. Are you sure?                 B. OK. I don't want to be late.

     C. I'd like one ticket, please.        D. Thanks. Could you wait for me?

   

  44. A: Could you lay the table for me?

     B: Of course. __________

     A: That's all. Everything else has been done.

     A. Is that all?                  B. I'm free now.

     C. It's a pleasure to help.         D. How should I do it?

   

  45. A: Here's a gift for you, I bought it in India.

     B: ___________

     A. Wow, it is great! Thank you.      B. You shouldn’t have bought it.

     C. It must be very expensive.       D. That's good. How much is it?

   

  46. A: Hello. Could I speak to Linda?

     B: Speaking.

     A: ____________

     A. How do you do?              B. Hi, Linda. This is Burt.  

  C. Glad to hear your voice.        D. Fine, that's good.

               

  47. A: Gosh! Our luggage is overweight.

     B: Relax. The customs officer wouldn't be bothered by the extra one or two Pounds .

     A: ______________

     A. Will it bother you?             B. Do you mind?

     C. By all means.                  D. You never know.

   

  48. A: This chocolate is delicious! Thanks for bringing me here.

     B: _____________. Each time I try a new flavor, it becomes my favorite.

     A. Forget it                      B. You're welcome

     C. You're all set                  D. Be yourself

   

  49. A: Where are you guys going?

     B: To grab a sandwich. ____________

     A: No, I'm not hungry.

     A. Care for joining us?             B. Hope you'll like it.

     C. Believe it or not.               D. Did that answer your questions?

   

  50. A: I got another D for my coursework. The teacher must hate me.

     B: Mr. Pierre is really nice. ____________

     A. You tell me                   B. No wonder

     C. You should go talk to him        D. He must like you instead

   

learning.sohu.com true 搜狐教育 http://learning.sohu.com/20131028/n389077675.shtml report 32152 第四部分 外语运用能力测试(英语)(50题,每小题2分,满分100分) PartOne  VocabularyandSt
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