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2013考研英语写作高分速成指南

2013年01月04日11:17
来源:搜狐教育

  写作犹如盖大楼,在盖好之前需要将原材料准备好,更重要的是,得有“图纸”,做到心中有数,下手有料,这样就可以又快又好地盖好大楼,那么对于考研英语作文这栋大楼来说,原材料是什么,“图纸”又如何绘制呢?别急,听老师为你一一道来:

  原材料:单词(大约200个)、句子(10个),“图纸”:结构一般为:引入观点(如果是看图作文,则在开头先把图片描述清楚)——论据支持——总结;在数量安排上一般为:开头第一段3句,第二段用论据说明观点大概5句,总结据一般为2-3句。有了这样一个模版结构,我们在面对作文的时候就会知道从哪入手,下手轻重,而不是茫然不知所措。以下是一个例子,为考生演绎如何用此法快速有效盖好写作这栋楼。

  【2011年写作真题】(摘自《2012考研英语写作秘籍》文都考研命题研究中心)

  作文为看图作文,画面为:图画中间有一只小船,有两个游客坐在船上,一边游览一边不停地往河里扔垃圾,附近的河面上漂浮了大量的垃圾,在图画下面有四个汉字:旅游之“余”,意思是旅行时留下大量的垃圾。

  围绕这一图画,我们首先涉及这篇文章的脉络及主题思想:1)第一段简要描述图画内容;2)第二段解释图画隐藏的含义,说明旅游业的发展对环境带来的负面影响,破坏了生态平衡;3)第三段提出解决办法,一方面呼吁民众对环境保护的责任心,另一方面要确立法规来规范旅游业和游客的行为。有了这一图纸,我们就可以有条不紊地把大楼盖好了。

  参考范文:

  With the rapid development of tourist attractions, a growing number of people throng to the scenic spots during their vocations. As is vividly depicted in the cartoon, in the middle of a lake alive with rubbish rows a boat, riding two tourists, who are littering while enjoying the scenery.

  We can deduce from the picture that the drawer is trying to capture our attention to the tragedy of the destruction of the rivers and lakes, which is part of the threat to the ecological balance of the planet. It must be admitted that occurrences of water pollution caused by the rapid development of tourism industry is understood by many people with wide and insightful views. Unfortunately, in real practice, tourism has developed in a manner which often conflicts with the environment. To some extent, the faster the tourism economy develops, the worse the environment becomes.

  What is the significance of tourism development if the ecological balance is destroyed? In my view, measures should be taken without any delay to address the problem before price is paid for the negative development of the tourism. What should be done first is to make more people aware of the importance of environment protection. Otherwise,sightseeing, as a relaxation for most city dwellers, would be an impossible-to-be-realized wish in a few years. Meanwhile, related laws must be laid down to protect the fragile environment and to penalize those who violate the law. Only in this way would we enjoy a wonderful natural ecosystem and an advantageous, fast-growing tourism economy.

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