Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A)， B)， C) and D)， and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。
M: I don’t know what to do. I have to drive to Chicago next Friday for my cousin’s wedding, but I have got a Psychology test to prepare for。
W: Why don’t you record your notes so you can study on the way?
Q: What does the woman suggest the man do?
M: Professor Wright, you may have to find another student to play this role, the lines are so long and I simply can’t remember them all。
W: Look, Tony. It is still a long time before the first show. I don’t expect you to know all the lines yet. Just keep practicing。
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
M: Hello, this is Dr. Martin from the Emergency Department. I have a male patient with a fractured ankle。
W: Oh, we have one bed available in ward 3, send him here and I will take care of him。
Q: What are the speakers talking about?
W: Since Simon will graduate this May, the school paper needs a new editor. So if you are interested, I will be happy to nominate you。
M: Thanks for considering me. But the baseball team is starting up a new season. And I’m afraid I have a lot on my hands。
Q: What does the man mean?
15. W: Have you heard the news that Jame Smeil has resigned his post as prime minister?
M: Well, I got it from the headlines this morning. It’s reported that he made public at this decision at the last cabinet meeting。
Q: what do we learn about Jame Smeil?
16. W: The morning paper says the space shuttle is taking off at 10 a.m. tomorrow。
M: Yeah, it’s just another one of this year’s routine missions. The first mission was undertaken a decade ago and broadcast live then worldwide。
Q: what can we infer from this conversation?
17. M: We do a lot of camping in the mountains. What would you recommend for two people?
W: You’d probably be better off with the four real drive vehicle. We have several off-road trucks in stock, both new and used。
Q: Where does the conversation most probably take place?
18. W: I hear you did some serious shopping this past weekend。
M: Yeah, the speakers of my old stereo finally gave out and there was no way to repair them。
Q: What did the man do over the weekend?
W: Now, could you tell me where the idea for the business first came from?
M: Well, the original shop was opened by a retired printer by the name of Gruby. Mr Gruby being left-handed himself, thought of the idea to try to promote a few products for left-handers。
W: And how did he then go about actually setting up the business?
M: Well, he looked for any left-handed products that might already be on the market which were very few. And then contacted the manufactures with the idea of having products produced for him, mainly in the scissors range to start with。
W: Right. So you do commission some part of your stock。
M: Yes, very much so. About 75 percent of our stock is specially made for us。
W: And the rest of it?
M: Hmm, the rest of it now, some 25, 30 years after Mr. Gruby’s initial efforts, there are more left-handed product actually on the market. Manufactures are now beginning to see that there is a market for left-handed products。
W: And what’s the range of your stock?
M: The range consists of a variety of scissors from children scissors to scissors for tailors, hairdressers etc. We also have a large range of kitchen ware。
W: What’s the competition like? Do you have quite a lot of competition?
M: There are other people in the business now in specialists, but only as mail-order outlets. But we have a shop here in central London plus a mail-order outlet. And we are without any doubt the largest supplier of the left-handed items。
Q19: What kind of business does the man engaged in?
Q20: What does the man say about his stock of products?
Q21: What does the man say about other people in his line of business?
M: Can we make you an offer? We would like to run the campaign for four extra weeks。
W: well, can we summarize the problem from my point of view? First of all, the campaign was late. It missed two important trade affairs. The ads also did not appear into key magazines. As a result, the campaign failed. Do you accept that summary of what happened?
M: well, the delay wasn’t entirely our fault. You did in fact make late changes to the specifications of the advertisements。
W: Uh, actually, you were late with the initial proposals so you have very little time and in fact, we only asked for small changes。
M: Well whatever, can we repeat our offer to run the campaign for 4 extra weeks?
W: That’s not really the point. The campaign missed two key trade affairs. Because of this, we are asking you either to repeat the campaign next year for free, or we only pay 50% of the fee for this year。
M: Could we suggest a 20% reduction to the fee together with the four week sustention to the campaign。
W: We are not happy. We lost business。
M: I think we both made mistakes. The responsibility is on both sides。
W: Ok, let’s suggest a new solution. How about a 40% cut in fee, or a free repeat campaign?
M: Well, let’s take a break, we’re not getting very far. Perhaps we should think about this。
22: What do we learn about the man’s company?
23: Why was the campaign delayed according to the man?
24: What does the woman propose as a solution to the problem?
25: What does the man suggest they do at the end of the conversation?
The University of Tennessee’s Walters Life Sciences building, is a model animal facility, spotlessly clean, careful in obtaining prior approval for experiments from an animal care committee. Of the 15,000 mice house there in a typical year, most give their lives for humanity. These are good mice and as such won the protection of the animal care committee. At any given time however some mice escape and run free. These mice are pests. They can disrupt experiments with the bacteria organisms they carry. They are bad mice and must be captured and destroyed. Usually, this is accomplished by means of sticky traps, a kind of fly paper on which they become increasingly stuck. But the real point of the cautionary tale, says animal behaviorist Herzau, is that the labels we put on things can affect our moral responses to them. Using stick traps or the more deadly snap traps would be deemed unacceptable for good mice. Yet the killing of bad mice requires no prior approval. Once the research animal hits the floor and becomes an escapee, says Herza, its moral standard is instantly diminished. In Herzau’s own home, there was more ironic example when his young son’s pet mouse Willy died recently, it was accorded a tearful ceremonial burial in garden. Yet even as they mourned Willy, says Herzau, he and his wife were setting snap traps to kill the pest mice in their kitchen with the bare change in labels from pet to pest, the kitchen mice obtained totally different moral standards
26, What does the passage say about most of the mice used for experiments?
27, Why did the so-called bad mice have to be captured and destroyed?
28, When are mice killed without prior approval?
29, Why does the speaker say what the Herzau’s did at home is ironical?
There are roughly three New Yorks. There is, first, the New York of the man or woman who was born here, who takes the city for granted and accepts its size and its turbulence as natural and inevitable. Second, there is the New York of the commuter — the city that is swallowed up by locusts each day and spat out each night. Third, there is the New York of the person who was born somewhere else and came to New York in quest of something. Of these three trembling cities the greatest is the last, the city of final destination, the city that has a goal. It is this third city that accounts for New York