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2011职称英语模拟试题及答案(理工类—C级)

作者:新东方在线
2011年03月24日13:08

  2011年全国职称英语等级考试全真模拟试题(附参考答案及解析)理工类—C级

  第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)

  下面共有15个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择1个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  1.We saw a lot of commercial buildings in Chicago.

  A condemned B razed C business D vacant

  2.Salt has been a respected commodity for much of recorded time.

  A flavoring B preservative C remedy for illnes D article of trade

  3.Pure feldspar is a colorless, transparent mineral, but impurities commonly make it opaque and colorful.

  A truly B rapidly C periodically D frequently

  4.In 1925 Clarence Darrow competently opposed William Jennings Bryan at the renowned Scopes’ “Monkey Trial”.

  A adeptly B maliciously C privately D rashly

  5.The Olympic Games attempt to transcend national interests and bring together the best international athletes in a spirit of friendly competition and peace.

  A debate B celebration C instruction D rivalry

  6.Each member of the committee helped to gather the information contained in the report.

  A surmount B consig C compil D devise

  7.In recent years people have become interested in purchasing gemstones for investment.

  A works of arts B rural land C houses D jewels

  8.Mosquitoes generally breed in swampy areas.

  A always B usually C rarely D never

  9.Solar energy is generated as protons fuse to form helium atoms.

  A bred B conceived C developed D produced

  10.Since rhetoric is the art of calculated polemic and has persuasion as its goal, can it be considered a verbal science?

  A competition B objective C subject D core

  11.The works of Walt Whitman had a lasting effect on the development of modern American poetry.

  A an enduring B an unknown C a startling D a final

  12 Not until his play “Beyond the Horizon” was produced was Eugene O’Neill lauded as the foremost creative American playwright.

  A compensated B secretly named C given preference D praised

  13.A prominent advocate of woman suffrage, Susan B.Anthony lectured throughout the Unites States for the cause of women’s rights.

  A raised money B arranged meetings C wrote articles D gave speeches

  14.Helen Keller’s achievements as an author and lecturer were an inspiration to millions.

  A editor B directo C correspondent D speaker

  15.A corporation is a business organization that is formed to act as a single person and is legally endowed with particular rights and duties.

  A by word B by law C laudably D liberally

  第二部分:阅读判断 (第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息在文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑。

  What Is Market?

  The word market is used in a number of ways. There is a stock market and an automobile market, a retail market for furniture and a wholesale market for furniture. One person may be going to the market: another may plan to market a product. What then is a market? A market may be defined as a place where buyers and sellers meet, goods or services are offered for sale. and transfers of ownership occur. A market may also be defined as the demand made by a certain group of potential l buyers for a good or service. For instance there is a farm market for petroleum products. The terms market and demand are often used interchangeably; they may also be used jointly as market demand.

  These definitions are not sufficiently precise to be useful to us here. For business purposes we define a market as people or organizations with wants (needs) to satisfy, money to spend, and the willingness to spend it. Thus in the market demand for any given product or service, there are three factors to consider—people or organizations with wants(needs),their purchasing power, and their buying behavior.

  We shall employ the dictionary definition of needs: the lack of anything that is required, desired, or useful. We do not limit needs to the narrow physiological requirements of food, clothing and shelter essential for survival. In our discussion the words needs and wants are used synonymously and interchangeably. In a strict interpretation, however, needs would refer to such basic physiological requirements as food, clothing, and shelter, while wants would be non—basic preferences. However, In our affluent society, little is to be gained by trying to differentiate between the two. Many of us would see as needs some items that are far beyond food, clothing, and shelter.

  16 Markets can be classified according to what is sold on a market and how goods are sold.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  17 The term “market” is preferred by sellers while “demand” is preferred by buyers.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  18 The definition of market for non—business purposes involves three factors: buyers, sellers and goods and services.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  19 The definition of market for business purposes focuses on purchasers.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  20 “Needs” and “wants” mean the same in our discussion.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  21 Strictly speaking,“wants” refers to peoples emotional needs.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  22 In our rich society, it is pointless to separate people’s needs from their wants.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  第三部分:概括大意与完成句子 (第23~30题,每题1分,共8分)

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2~5段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  Paris

  1 Paris, the capital and the largest city of the country, is in north central France. The Paris metropolitan area contains nearly 20% of the nation’s population and is the economic, cultural, and political center of France. The French governments have historically favored the city as the site for all decision making, thus powerfully attracting nearly all of the nation’s activities.

  2 Paris has grown steadily since it was chosen as the national capital in the late 10th century. With the introduction of the Industrial Revolution, a great number of people moved to the city from the country during the 19th century. The migration was especially stimulated by the construction of railroads, which provided easy access to the capital. After World War Ⅱ more and more immigrants arrived.

  3 The city is the centralized control point of most national radio and television broadcasting. It is a place of publication of the most prestigious newspapers and magazines and an international book publishing center. With more than 100 museums, Paris has truly been one of the greatest concentrations of art treasures in the world. The Louvre, opened as a museum in 1793,is one of the largest museums in the world.

  4 In the late 1980s about 4.1 million pupils annually attended about 47,000 elementary schools. In addition, about 5.4 million students attended some 11,200 secondary schools. Approximately 1.2 million students were enrolled annually at universities and colleges in France in the late 1980s.French centers of learning have served as academic models throughout the world.

  5 Paris is the leading industrial center of France, with about one quarter of the nation’s manufacturing concentrated in the metropolitan area. Industries of consumer goods have always been drawn to Paris by the enormous market of the big population, and modern, hightechnology industries also have become numerous since World War Ⅱ.Chief manufactures are machinery, automobiles, chemicals and electrical equipment.

  23 Paragraph 2 ____

  24 Paragraph 3 ____

  25 Paragraph 4 ____

  26 Paragraph 5 ____

  A History of the city

  B Industries of the city

  C Population growth

  D Education

  E Cultural center

  F Immigration

  27 Paris has in history been the center of ____

  28 Since the 10th century, the population of Paris____

  29 Many valuable works of art ____

  . 30 Paris is not only the center of education of France, but also the center____

  A can be found in Paris

  B the major events of the nation

  C of the countrys industries

  D a lot of cinemas and theatres

  E has been growing steadily

  F has been decreasing rapidly

  第四部分:阅读理解 (第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)

  下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每题后面有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  第一篇 Citizen Scientists

  Understanding how nature responds to climate change will require monitoring key life cycle event—flowering, the appearance of leaves, the first frog calls of the spring—all around the world. But ecologists can’t be everywhere so they’re turning to non—scientists, sometimes called citizen scientists, for help.

  Climate scientists are not present everywhere. Because there are so many places in the world and not enough scientists to observe all of them, theyre asking for your help in observing signs of climate change across the world. The citizen scientist movement encourages ordinary people to observe a very specific research interest — birds, trees, flowers budding, etc. and send their observations to a giant database to be observed by professional scientists. This helps a small number of scientists track a large amount of data that they would never be able to gather on their own. Much like citizen journalists helping large publications cover a hyper local beat, citizen scientists are ready for the conditions where they live. All that’s needed to become one is a few minutes each day or each week to gather data and send it in.

  A group of scientists and educators launched an organization last year called the National Phe—nology Network. “Phenology” is what scientists call the study of the timing of events in nature.

  One of the group’s first efforts relies on scientists and non—scientists alike to collect data about plant flowering and leafing every year. The program, called Project Budburst, collects life cycle data on a variety of common plants from across the United States. People participating in the project—which is open to everyone—record their observations on the Project Budburst website.

  “People don’t have to be plant experts —they just have to look around and see what’s in their neighborhood,” says Jennifer Schwartz, an education consultant with the project. “ As we collect this data, we’ll be able to make an estimate of how plants and communities of plants and animals will respond as the climate changes. ”

  31 Ecologists turn to nonscientist citizens for help because they need them_________

  A.to provide their personal life cycles

  B.to observe the life cycle of plants.

  C.to collect data of the life cycle of living things

  D.to teach children knowledge about climate change.

  32 What are citizen scientists asked to do?

  A.To develop a specific research interest and become professional scientists.

  B.To send their research observations to a professional database.

  C.To increase their knowledge about climate change.

   D.To keep a record of their research observations.

  33 In “All thats needed to become one ... (paragraph2)”, what does the word “one” stands for?

  A.a citizen journalist.

  B.a citizen scientist.

  C.a scientist.

   D.a citizen.

  34 What is NOT true of Project Budburst?

  A.Only experts can participate in it.

  B.Everybody can participate in it.

  C.It collects life cycle data on a variety of common plants.

   D.It has its own website.

  35 What is the final purpose of Project BudBurst?

  A.To study when plants will have their first buds.

  B.To find out the types of plants in the neighborhood.

  C.To collect life cycle data on a variety of common plants from across the United States.

  D.To investigate how plants and animals will respond as the climate changes.

  第二篇 Unidentified Flying Object

  Unidentified Flying Object (UFO) is any object or light, reportedly sighted in the sky, that cannot be immediately explained by the observer. Sightings of unusual flying objects date back to ancient times, but UFOs (sometimes called flying saucers) became widely discussed only after the first widely publicized U.S sighting in 1947.Many thousands of such observations have since been reported worldwide.

  At least 90 percent of UFO sightings can be identified as conventional objects, although time-consuming investigations are often necessary for such identification. The objects most often mistaken for UFOs are bright planets and stars, aircraft, birds, balloons, kites, aorial flares, peculiar clouds, meteors, and satellites. The remaining sightings most likely can be attributed to other mistaken sightings or to inaccurate reporting, tricks, or delusions, although to disprove all claims made about UFOs is impossible.

  From 1947 to 1969 the U.S. Force investigated UFOs as a possible threat to national security. A total of 12,618 reports were received, of which 701 reports, or 5.6 percent, were listed as unexplained. The air force concluded that “no UFO reported, investigated, and evaluated by the Air Force has ever given any indication of threat to our national security”

  . Since 1969 no agency of the U.S. government has had any active program of UFO investigation.

  Some persons, however, believe that UFOs are extraterrestrial spacecraft, even though no scientifically valid evidence supports that belief. The possibility of extraterrestrial civilizations is not the stumbling block; most scientists grant that intelligent life may well exist elsewhere in the universe. A fully convincing UFO photograph has yet to be taken, however, and the scientific method requires that highly speculative explanations should not be adopted unless all of the more ordinary explanations can be ruled out.

  UFO enthusiasts persist, however, and some persons even claim to have been captured and taken aboard UFOs. No one has produced scientifically acceptable proof of these claims. Behavioral scientist Carl Sagan once proposed that “certain psychological needs are met by belief in superior beings from other worlds.

  36 What was the significance of the UFO sighting in 1947 according to the passage?

  A.It was the first evidence showing the existence of intelligent life outside Earth.

  B.It helped to explain some sightings of unusual events occurring in the sky.

  C.It aroused widespread interest in unidentified flying objects in the sky.

  D.It started off a new era of flying saucers in the United States.

  37 The second paragraph of the passage focuses on.

  A.some explanations about UFO sightings

  B.different kinds of UFOs reported

  C.peoples negative reaction to UFOs

  D.interesting claims made about UFOs

  38 According to the passage, which of the following about the UFO investigation by the U.S. Air force is NOT true?

  A.About 84 percent of the UFO reports received were explained.

  B.UFOs were once regarded as a potential danger to national safety.

  C.There was no evidence that the U.S. was being threatened by the reported UFOs.

  D.No hard evidence supported the existence of UFOs.

  39 According to the passage, the belief that some UFOs are spaceships from some extraterrestrial civilizations .

  A has been supported by a convincing UFO photograph

  B.would be accepted if it met the requirements of the scientific method

  C.has been regarded as some kind of creative thinking

  D.has ruled out other explanations about the origin of UFOs

  40 Why did Carl Sagan think there are so many UFO enthusiasts?

  A.The belief in UFOs gives them psychological satisfaction.

  B.The explanation that UFOs are only conventional objects is not attractive.

  C.They are strongly influenced by science fiction and science fiction films.

  D.Curiosity makes them accept the speculative explanations about UFOs.

  第三篇 Use of Trademarks

  A company must determine whether or not to apply for trademark protection under the federal Lanham Act of 1946 or state law. A trademark gives a firm exclusive use of a “word, symbol, combination of letters or numbers, or other devices such as distinctive packaging used to identify the goods of one company and to distinguish them from other companies” for as long as they are marketed.

  Trademarks are voluntary and require a registration procedure that can be time consuming, complex, and expensive. A multinational firm must register trademarks in every country in which it operates. In order for a trademark to be legally protected, it must have a distinctive meaning that does not describe an entire product category, not be confusingly similar to other trademarks, be used in interstate commerce, and not imply characteristics that the product does not possess. A surname by itself cannot be registered, because anyone can do business under his or her name. However, an surname can be registered if used to describe a specific business (e.g., Roy Rogers Restaurants).

  When brands become too popular or descriptive of a product category, they run the risk of becoming public property. Then a firm loses its trademark position. Brands that are fighting to remain exclusive trademarks include Xerox, Levis Frigidaire, Formica, Kleenex, and Teflon. Brands of former trademarks that are now considered generic and therefore public property are cellophane(赛璐芬),aspirin, kerosene(煤油),cola, linoleum(漆布),and monopoly.

  DuPont used careful research to retain a trademark for Teflon. As company survey showed that 68 percent of the consumers questioned identified Teflon as a brand name. This enabled DuPont to win a court case against a Japanese firm using the name Teflon. On the other hand, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that “Monopoly”was a generic term that could be used by any game maker. Likewise, a federal court ruled that Miller could not trademark the single word Lite for its lowercalorie(低热量) beer.

  Trademark protection is essential to many firms because exclusive use of brands and symbols enables them to maintain longestablished images and market shares.

  41 According to the passage, a trademark can .

  A.exclude other firms from a business

  B.include only one firm in the business

  C.help to identify the goods of one firm as exclusive

  D.distinguish the goods of one firm from those of other firms

  42 Which of the following statements is not true according to te second paragraph?

  A.A firm can use a trademark without application for trademark protection.

  B.A multinational has different trademarks in different countries in which it operates.

  C.A trademark of a product must be so special as to distinguish the product from other similar products

  D.A surname can be used as a trademark for a specific business

  43 They run the risk of becoming public property. It means one of the following: .

  A.They are likely to be used by the general public

  B.It is risky for them to be used by the general public

  C.It will be dangerous if they become public property

  D.They find it risky to become public property

  44 Cellophane, aspirin, kerosene , cola, etc, .

  A.are under trademark protection

  B.are no longer thought of as trademarks

  C.are running the risk of becoming public property

  D.remain exclusive trademarks

  45 In its fight to retain an exclusive trademark for Teflon, one of the things DuPont did is .

  A.identifying it as a brand name

  B.winning a court case against a Japanese firm

  C.carrying out a survey

  D.appealing to the Supreme Court

  第五部分:补全短文 (第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)

  阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后面有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放回文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  Mergers

  The most common kind of consolidation today is the merger. 46

  With the deregulation of natural gas,the nations 20 interstate pipeline companies became fearful of cutthroat competition. 47 In 1985 Internorth of Omaha paid $2.3 billion for Houston Natural Gas Corporation,thereby gaining control of the world’s longest pipeline.The system connected markets from coast to coast and raised sales to $10 billion.

  On occasion, mergers have occurred between smaller companies in an industry dominated by a few giant firms. These smaller companies claim that they need to merge to become more efficient and effective in competing against the biggest corporations. 48 The Antitrust Division of the Justice Department has not always agreed with them.

  Four major waves of mergers have taken place in this country. The first started in 1887,just prior to the passage of the Sherman Antitrust Act, and ended in 1904.It involved such giants as United States Steel and Standard Oil trying to create monopolies in their industries. From the end of World War I until the 1930s,large firms swallowed smaller firms to create oligopolies. The monopoly has no chance and the oligopoly little chance of succeeding today under present antitrust policy.

  The third major merger movement began in the 1960s, reached a peak in 1969,and then gradually declined. Many of the acquisitions involved giant firms in one industry buying up large companies in totally unrelated industries. Such mergers are called conglomerate mergers 49

  Mergers in the last ten years were in the thousands. More important is the value of the transactions, which has risen sharply. The number of mergers and acquisitions apply only to those valued at $100 million or more. The petroleum industry had mergers and acquisitions valued at close to $80 billion between 1981 and 1984. 50__

  A Some felt that they could increase their efficiency and improve their market flexibility by merging.

  B They maintain that such action increases competition instead of reducing it.

  C Other industries experiencing large takeovers were banking and finance, insurance, mining and mineral, and processed foods.

  D Fierce competition on the international market results in combinations of small firms.

  E A classic example is Mobil Oil Corporation’s purchase of the huge retail chain Montgomery Ward & Company.

  F A merger occurs when two or more companies get together to form one company.

  第六部分:完型填空 (第51~65题,每题1分,共15分)

  阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  What Is the Coolest Gas in the Universe?

  What is the coldest air temperature ever recorded on the Earth? Where was this low tem- perature recorded?. The coldest recorded temperature on Earth was 91℃, which 51 in Antarctica in1983.

  We encounter an interesting situation when we discuss temperatures in 52 Temperatures in Earth orbit actually range from about + t20℃ to 120℃. The temperature depends upon 53 you are in direct sunlight or shade. Obviously, 120℃ is colder than our body can safely endure. Thank NASA science for well—designed space 54 that protect astronauts from these temperature extremes.

  The space temperatures just discussed affect only our area1 of the solar 55 . Obviously, it is hotter closer to the Sun and colder as we travel away from the Sun. Astronomers estimate temperatures at Pluto are about 210℃. How cold is the lowest estimated temperature in the entire universe? Again, it depends upon your 56 . We are taught it is supposedly 57 to have a temperature below absolute zero, which is 273℃, at which atoms do not move. Two scientists, whose names are Cornell and Wieman, have successfully cooled down a gas to a temperature barely 58 absolute zero. They won a Nobel Prize in Physics in 2001 for their work—not a discovery, in this case2.

  Why is the two scientists work so important to science?

  In the 1920s, Satyendra Nath Bose was studying an interesting 59 about special light particles we now call photons. Bose had trouble 60 other scientists to believe his theory, 61 he contacted Albert Einstein. Einstein’s calculations helped him. theorize that atoms 62 behave as Bose thought—but only at very cold temperatures.

  Scientists have also discovered that 63 atoms can help them make the world’s atomic docks even more accurate. These clocks are so accurate today they would only lose3 one second 64 six million years! Such accuracy will .help us travel in space because distance is velocity times time4 (d = v x t). With5 the long distances involved in space 65, we need to know time as accurately as possible to get accurate distance.

  51.A opened B occurred C opposed D operated

  52.A Earth B space C planet D star

  53.A whether B where C what D when

  54.A foods B beds C tools D suits

  55.A wind B energy C system D rays

  56.A education B status C knowledge D location

  57.A reasonable B wonderful C impossible D necessary

  58.A above B below C within D beyond

  59.A invention B theory C paper D experiment

  60.A convincing B begging C ordering D forcing

  61.A and B though C but D so

  62.A will B would C must D can

  63.A ultra small B ultra fast C ultra hot D ultra cold

  64.A any B each C every D some

  65.A travel B research C walk D station

  参考答案

  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

  C D D A D C D B D B A D D

  14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26

  D A B A A B B C C A B D

  27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39

  D B A E C D A B B A C D C

  40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52

  A C C B D B C A F D B B B

  53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65

  A D C D C A B A D B D C A

  详细解析

  第一部分:词汇选项

  1 C

  commercial adj. 商业的, 贸易的 (business, mercantile)/homespun adj. 朴素的 (simple)/vacant adj. 未被占用的 (empty, uninhabited)/razed adj. 被夷为平地的 (leveled)

  2 D

  commodity n. 商品;日用品 (article of trade, goods)/remedy n. 补救;治疗法 (treatment, redress)/preservative n. 防腐剂/flavoring n. 调味品, 调料 (seasoning)

  3 D

  commonly adv. 通常地 (frequently, usually)/transparent adj. 透明的 (seethrough)/feldspar n. 【矿】长石 (crystalline mineral rock)/opaque adj. 不透明的 (nontransparent)/periodically adv. 定期地 (intermittently)

  4 A

  competently adv. 充分地 (adeptly, sufficiently)/adeptly adv. 熟练地 (efficiently, skillfully)/maliciously adv. 不怀好意地 (malevolently, wickedly)/rashly adv. 轻率地 (brashly, incautiously)

  5 D

  competition n. 竞争 (rivalry, contention)/athlete n. 运动员 (sportsman)/rivalry. 竞争(competition); 敌对状态

  6 C

  gather v. 搜集 (compile)/surmount v. 战胜;超越 (overcome, conquer)/consign v. 委托 (authorize, commission)/devise v. 设计 (invent, design)

  7 D

  gemstone n. 宝石 (jewel)

  8 B

  generally adv. 一般地 (usually)/mosquito n. 蚊子/swampyadj. 沼泽的(muddy, marshy)

  9 D

  generate v. 产生 (produce)/solar adj. 太阳的/proton. 【核】 质子/fuse v. 聚变(blend) helium atom 氦原子

  10 B

  goal n. 目标 (objective, aim)/rhetoric n. 修辞学/polemic. 辩论(debate)/verbal adj. 语言的(lexical)

  11 A

  lasting adj. 持久的, 永久的 (enduring)/startling adj. 令人吃惊的 (alarming, astonishing)

  12 D

  laud v. 赞美, 称赞 (praise)/playwright n. 剧作家 (dramatist)/preference n. 偏爱 (choice)

  13 D

  lecture v. 演讲 (give speech)/prominent adj. 著名的 (famous)/suffrage n. 选举权 (voting right)/raise v. 筹集(资金)(collect)

  14 D

  lecturer n. 演讲者 (speaker)/correspondent n. 通讯记者 (journalist)

  15 B

  legally adv. 法律上;合法地 (by law)/endow v. 赋予 (bestow)/laudably adv. 值得赞赏地, 可称赞地 (commendably, praiseworthily)

  第二部分:阅读判断

  16 A

  文章第一段说“市场”这个词有多种用法。有股票市场和汽车市场,家具零售市场和批发市场,据此我们可以说市场可以根据所售商品和销售方式来区分。

  17 C

  第一段中说所谓市场就是买卖双方在一起买卖货物或服务的地方。市场还可以定义为潜在的买主对货物和服务的需求。这里作者并没有提到卖主更喜欢用市场这个词,而买主更喜欢用需求这个词。

  18 B

  第二段从商务的角度来定义的市场涉及三个因素,它们是有需求的个人或组织、他们的购买力和他们的购买行为,而不是买主、卖主和商品或服务。

  19 A

  从上一题中所谈到的从商务角度来定义的市场所涉及三个因素来看,我们可以说这个定义更侧重购买者。

  20 A

  作者在最后一段第三行中说,在我们的讨论中“needs”和“wants”是可以互换使用的同义词。

  21 C

  最后一段倒数第四行说,严格说来“needs”指像衣、食、住这样的基本生理需求,而“wants”指非基本生理需求的喜好,但是作者在这里并没有提到非基本生理需求就是指感情需求。

  22 A

  作者在最后一段倒数第二句话中说,在我们这个富裕的社会里,区分“needs”和“wants”没有什么意义。

  第三部分:概括大意与完成句子

  23 C

  这一段回顾了在各个重要的历史时期中大量的人口迁移到巴黎,使巴黎的人口猛增。

  24 E

  这段讲到了广播、电视、报纸、杂志、博物馆等巴黎的主要文化领域和设施,巴黎无愧是法国的文化中心。

  25 D

  这一段讲的是巴黎各类学校的招生情况。

  26 B

  这一段的第一句就说出了中心思想,即巴黎是法国的主要工业中心。

  27 B

  这一段的最后一句讲的就是这个意思。

  28 E

  应填入的是句子的动词谓语,第二段的内容说的就是从第十世纪以来巴黎的人口一直在持续增长。

  29 A

  这里缺的也是句子的谓语动词,第三段里有Paris has truly been one of the greatest concentrations of art treasures in the world 这样一句话。

  30 C

  这句话的内容可以从第四和第五两段得出。

  第四部分:阅读理解

  31 C

  第一段和第三段的第一句告诉我们,在要世界范围观察气候对大自然中生物的生命周期的影响,数量有限的科学家不可能足迹遍及天下,为此科学家求助于普通公民的参与。所以C是正确选择。

  32 B

  第二段第三句中encourage ordinary people to observe...的主语是The citizen scientist movement,即公民参与科学观察的运动。所以D不是正确选择。A和C不符合文章的句意,因此也不是正确的选择。这个句子的大意是:这一运动鼓励普通公民根据自己的兴趣爱好进行科学观察,并将观察结果送交数据库,让专门领域的科学家作进一步的观察。B正确表达了这个意思。

  33 B

  one在这里是一个代词,其前置词是citizen scientists,而不是citizen journalists,这里的one指的是one of citizen scientists。所以A、C和D都不正确选择。这个句子的意思是,只要每天或每星期花上几分钟收集数据产发送出去,就能成为一个公民科学家。

  34 A

  文章最后一段说,这个计划向所有的人开放(open to everyone),所以应该选择A。BC,D所述内容都在该段中提到。

  35 D

  C表述的内容是Project BudBurst所要做的工作,但其最终目的不仅仅是收集数据,而是研究气候变化对生物生命周期的影响。因此,D才是正确答案。

  36 C

  正确答案的根据可在第一段的最后一句中找到。

  37 C

  第二段说明,通过调查否定了几乎所有UFO第二段说明,通过调查否定了几乎所有UFO目击事件的真实性目击事件的真实性。

  38 A

  选项B、C在第三段都提到。选项D在第四段第一句中提到。选项A的84个百分点,与第二段述及的90个百分点、第三段述及的约94个百分点均不符合。所以选项A是正确的。

  39 B

  第四段说到“科学方法要求不要采用高度推测性的解释除非所有的较为一般性的解释都被排除掉”(the scientific method requires that highly speculative explanations should not be adopted unless all of the more ordinary explanations can be ruled out),这是选B的依据。

  40 A

  最后一段最后一句Carl Sagan 所说的话是选A 的依据。选项B、C、D文章中没有谈到。

  41 D

  答案可直接在第一段第二句中找到。

  42 B

  C 和 D 符合原文意义。 A 也符合原文意义。该段第一句说:Trademarks are voluntary...这是说,商标注册是自愿行为。 而B同原文意义有出入。

  43 A

  run the risk of 指“冒……的险”。becoming public property 成为公众(general public)财产。即:为大众所用,符合答案。

  44 B

  答案在第三段最后一句。 这些商标已被认为是 generic,即,普通的,未经商标注册的。C是错误的选择,因为,它们已成为public property.

  45 C

  文章的第四段第一和第二句句子告诉我们,DuPont 公司为确保Teflon商标,进行了调查,调查显示,68%的被询问顾客将Teflon 认做商标名。

  第五部分:补全短文

  46 F

  写文章一般要在开头提出并描述或限定要讨论的事物或概念。本文第一句话提出主题——公司合并,F是对公司合并的定义:“公司合并指两家以上的公司联合起来形成一家新公司”,放在此处最合适。

  47 A

  本段第一句话说由于解除了天然气价格控制,全国20家跨州管道公司面临残酷竞争。A说:“有些(公司)觉得可以通过合并来提高效率和市场灵活度。”这两句在意思上很连贯,本段最后两句是以实例对此加以证明。

  48 B

  本段前两句告诉我们有时合并发生在那些由少数大公司占据主导的产业中的小公司之间,他们声称这样做是为了提高效率,更好地和大公司竞争。B说:“他们坚持认为这种举动增强而不是削弱了竞争。”两句话意思连贯,they指上文的smaller companies。人称代词是英语中重要的衔接手段,属于指称衔接。

  49 E

  本段介绍第三波主要的合并潮,分析了它的特征,E在此举例说明之。

  50 C

  本段介绍第四波合并潮,前一句说1981至1984年间,石油业的合并与兼并总价值近800亿美元,C告诉我们其他行业也出现过大型的合并与兼并,两句话意思连贯,other和industries在两句之间起了重要的衔接作用,前者属于普通比较式指称衔接,后者属于重复式词汇衔接。

  第六部分:完形填空

  文章大意:由宇宙中的哪种气体温度最低引发探讨,阐述了科内尔与威曼两位科学家所做的工作对于科学界的重要性。

  51 B

  本段叙述地球上记录到的最低温度是-91℃,本段最后一句的后半句显然是交代这一最低温度是在南极洲出现的。所以,occurred(发生,出现)是正确的选择。其他三个选项的词义与上下文的意思相去甚远。

  52 B

  通观本段,内容是叙述宇宙空间的温度。选项B的space是"宇宙空间"的意思,所以是答案。其他三个选项Earth(地球)、planet(行星)、star(恒星)在词义上都不合适。

  53 A

  上下文的意思是:地球轨道上的温度是介乎+120℃至-120℃之间。温度的变化取决于是向阳还是背阳。whether是"是否"的意思,所以是本题的答案。

  54 D

  上文说-120℃是宇航员无法忍受的温度,下文说美国国家航空和航天管理局生产出某种装置以protect astronauts from these temperature extremes(保护宇航员不受极端温度的侵害)。很明显,这一装置就是"space suits"。

  55 C

  现在讨论的内容是有关太阳系的宇宙空间的温度。本段第二句就说到太阳对温度的影响:靠近太阳的温度高一些,远离太阳的温度就低一些。所以,本题要选system。

  56 D

  整个宇宙空间的温度是多少度呢?温度的高低取决于哪个因素呢?从四个选项分析,温度不会取决于你的education(教育),你的status(地位)或你的knowledge(知识),因为这不合乎逻辑。只有选location(位置)才符合上下文的意思。

  57 C

  科学常识告诉我们,绝对零度是宇宙中的最低温度。impossible是答案。

  58 A

  本段前面的句子说到最低温度不会低于-273℃,所以,below、within、beyond都有悖于上述论述。只有above(高于)才与上文的意思相符。

  59 B

  本段第二句说,Bose没有办法使其他的科学家"believe his theory",所以第一句的studying an interesting之后缺失的词应该是"theory"。

  60 A

  Bose一筹莫展,只好求助于爱因斯坦,后者通过计算证实了Bose的理论。本题选convincing(说服)最恰当。ordering(命令)或forcing(强迫)都不合逻辑。begging(恳求)也太低三下四了。

  61 D

  本段的第二句的前半句与后半句是因果关系,连词要选so。

  62 B

  本句的主句中的谓语动词用的是过去时helped,根据"主句为过去时态,宾语从句一般也要用过去时态"这一时态一致的原则,本题要选would。

  63 D

  Cornell and Wieman荣获诺贝尔物理奖,是因为他们成功地将气体的温度降到接近绝对零度。本文最后两段以实际例子说明他们的成就推动了科学的发展。因此,ultra-small,ultra-fast和ultra-hot都与Cornell and Wieman的研究无关联,不会是答案。只有ultra-cold才是合乎逻辑的选择。

  64 C

  从句子"These clocks are so accurate today they would only lose one second six million Years !"推断,原子钟如此精确,每隔600万年才慢1秒。"每隔"的英语用词是every。

  6 5 A

  从地球飞向其他星球的宇宙航程很长,计时越精确,测算宇宙飞行器的即时距离就越精确。本段讲的是精确计时对宇宙航行的重要性。所以,选travel是正确的。本题不能选walk,因为space walk是"太空行走",指的是宇航员离开飞船在宇宙空间中活动,与space travel是两个不同的概念。

  

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