搜狐网站
教育频道 > 职业教育 > 外语 > 职称英语

2011职称英语模拟试题及答案(理工类—B级)

作者:新东方在线
2011年03月24日13:07

  2011全国职称英语等级考试全真模拟试题(附参考答案及解析)理工类—B级

  第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)

  下面共有15个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择1个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  1.The Group of Seven, a clique of Canadian artists painting at the turn of the century, has been credited with arousing a widespread awareness of Canada’s rugged landscape.

  A stimulating B prolonging C glorifying D encouraging

  2.The term “composition” refers to the way the components of a drawing are arranged by the artist.

  A painted B imagined C put together D sharply perceived

  3.Located in Washington, D.C, the Library of Congress contains an imposing array of books on every conceivable subject.

  A history B catalog C shelf D collection

  4.Acetate is one of the most important artificial fibers.

  A insulating B synthetic C unadorned D complex

  5.Biologists have ascertained that specialized cells convert chemical energy into mechanical energy.

  A determined B argued C pretended D hypothesized

  6.Groundwater, a resource that exists everywhere beneath the Earth’s surface, is under increasing risk from contamination and overuse.

  A popularization B contraction C pollution D industrialization

  7.The ability to contemplate two contradictory thoughts at once is said to be a mark of genius.

  A hypothetical B profound C opposing D mathematical

  8.What he said was contrariwise to what we expected.

  A ironic B innate C opposite D circumspect

  9.The graduate students will convene in the Student Union.

  A converse B meet C summon D raze

  10.The new theory was corroborated.

  A confirmed B bleached C hurled D refrained

  11.The five classic foot positions in ballet are the basis for the ethereal grace of the ballet dancer’s art.

  A balanced B traditional C disciplined D delicate

  12.Molly Brown was labeled “unsinkable” after she helped to evacuate passengers from the ill fated ship the Titanic.

  A anticipate B comfort C remove D shelter

  13.The painter Les Quinones, whose graffiti art has been exhibited in New York galleries, has also painted outdoor murals in various Manhattan neighborhoods.

  A sold B shown C kept D praised

  14.City dwellers are exhilarated by country air.

  A amazed B fanned C humbled D stimulated

  15.Today in the United States, adult education facilities face rising demand created by expanding leisure time.

  A relaxin B structured C increasing D unused

  第二部分:阅读判断 (第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息在文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑。

  Fermi Problem

  On a Monday morning in July, the world’s first atom bomb exploded in the New Mexico desert. Forty seconds later, the shock waves reached the base camp where the Italian—American physicist Enrico Fermi and his team stood. After a mental calculation, Fermi announced to his team that the bomb’s energy had equated 10,000 tons of TNT. The bomb team was impressed, but not surprised. Fermi’s genius was known throughout the scientific world. In 1938 he had won a Nobel Prize. Four years later he produced the first nuclear chain reaction, leading us into the nuclear age. Since Fermi’s death in 1954,no physicist has been at once a master experimentalist and a leading theoretician.

  Like all virtuosos, Fermi had a distinctive style. He preferred the most direct route to an answer. He was very good at dividing difficult problems into small, manageable bits—talent we all can use in our daily lives.

  To develop this talent in his students. Fermi would suggest a type of question now known as a Fermi problem. Upon first hearing one of these, you haven’t the remotest notion of the answer ,and you feel certain that too little information had been given to solve it. Yet when the problem is broken into sub—problems, each answerable without the help of experts or books, you can come close to the exact solution.

  Suppose you want to determine Earth’s circumference without looking it up. Everyone knows that New York and Los Angeles are about 3,000 miles apart and that the time difference between them is three hours. Three hours is one—eighth of a day, and a day is the time it takes the planet to complete one rotation, so its circumference must be eight times 3,000 or 24,000 miles. This answer differs from the true value, 24,902.45 miles, by less than four percent.

  Ultimately the value of dealing with everyday problems the way Fermi did lies in the rewards of making independent discoveries and inventions. It doesn’t matter whether the discovery is as important as determining the power of an atom or as small as measuring the distance between New York and Los Angeles. Looking up the answer, or letting someone else find it, deprives you of the pleasure and pride that accompany creativity, and deprives you of an experience that builds up self—confidence. Thus, approaching personal dilemmas as Fermi problems can become a habit that enriches your life.

  16.Fermi’s team was impressed by Fermi’s announcement in the base camp because he could even work out the power of the atom bomb in his mind.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  17.Fermi, an experimentalist as well as a theoretician, won a Nobel Prize for producing the first nuclear chain reaction in the world.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  18.Dividing a big problem into small problems is a talent Fermi had and a talent that has practical value in life.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  19.Fermi problem is to develop the talent of breaking a seemingly unanswerable problem into sub—problems and finding the solution to it, which is a typical Fermi problem.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  20.Then the fourth paragraph tells us how Fermi solved the problem of earth’s circumference without looking up.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  21.The last paragraph concludes the whole writing by stressing the value of important inventions and small discoveries.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  22.Fermi was famous for inventing a device to calculate bomb’s energy accurately.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  第三部分:概括大意与完成句子 (第23~30题,每题1分,共8)

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2~5段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  Adult Education

  1 Voluntary learning in organized courses by mature men and women is called adult education. Such education is offered to make people able to enlarge and interpret their experience as adults. Adults may want to study something which they missed in earlier schooling, get new skills or job training, find out about new technological developments, seek better self—understanding, or develop new talents and skills.

  2 This kind of education may be in the form of self-study with proper guidance through the use of libraries, correspondence courses, or broadcasting. It may also be acquired collectively in schools and colleges, study groups, workshops, clubs, and professional associations.

  3 Modern adult education for large numbers of people started in the 18th and 19th centuries with the rise of the Industrial Revolution. Great economic and social changes were taking place: people were moving from rural areas to cities, new types of work were being created in an expanding factory system. These and other factors produced a need for further education and re—education of adults.

  4 The earliest programs of organized adult education arose in Great Britain in the 1790s, with the founding of an adult school in Nottingham and a mechanics institute in Glasgow. The earliest adult education institution in the United States was founded by Benjamin Franklin and some friends in Philadelphia in 1727.

  5 People recognize that continued learning is necessary for most forms of employment today. For example, parts of the adult population in many countries find it necessary to take part in retraining programs at work or even to learn completely new jobs. Adult education programs are springing up constantly to meet these and other needs.

  23 Paragraph 2

  24 Paragraph 3

  25 Paragraph 4

  26 Paragraph 5

  A Necessity for developing adult education

  B Early days of adult education

  C Ways of receiving adult education

  D Growth of adult education

  E Institutions of adult education

  F Definition of adult education

  27 Some adults want to learn .

  28 There are various forms of adult education, including

  29 Adult education has been made necessary

  30 The earliest organized adult education

  A by social and economic changes

  B guided self—study and correspondence courses

  C by studying together with children

  D what they did not manage to learn earlier

  E dates back to the eighteenth century

  F mass production

  第四部分:阅读理解 (第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)

  下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每题后面有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  第一篇 Mind—reading Machine

  A team of researchers in California has developed a way to predict what kinds of objects people are looking at by scanning what’s happening in their brains.

  When you look at something, your eyes send a signal about that object to your brain. Different regions of the brain process the information your eyes send. Cells in your brain called neurons are responsible for this processing.

  The FMRI (Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging) brain scans could generally match electrical activity in the brain to the basic shape of a picture that someone was looking at.

  Like cells anywhere else in your body, active neurons use oxygen. Blood brings oxygen to the neurons, and the more active a neuron is, the more oxygen it will consume. The more active a region of the brain, the more active its neurons, and in turn, the more blood will travel to that region. And by using FMRI RI, scientists can visualize which parts of the brain receive more oxygen rich blood and therefore, which parts are working to process information.

  An FMRI RI machine is a device that scans the brain and measures changes in blood flow to the brain. The technology shows researchers how brain activity changes when a person thinks, looks at something, or carries out an activity like speaking or reading. By highlighting the areas of the brain at work when a person looks at different images, FMRI RI may help scientists determine specific patterns of brain activity associated with different kinds of images.

  The California researchers tested brain activity by having two volunteers view hundreds of pictures of everyday objects, like people, animals, and fruits. The scientists used an f FMRI machine to record the volunteers’ brain activity with each photograph they looked at. Different objects caused different regions of the volunteers’ brains to light up on the scan, indicating activity. The scientists used this information to build a model to predict how the brain might respond to any image the eyes see.

  In a second test, the scientists asked the volunteers to look at 120 new pictures. Like before, their brains were scanned every time they looked at a new image. This time, the scientists used their model to match the FMRI RI scans to the image. For example, if a scan in the second test showed the same pattern of brain activity that was strongly, related to pictures of apples in the first test, their model would have predicted the volunteers were looking at apples.

  31.What is responsible for processing the information sent by your eyes?

  A A small region of the brain.

  B The central part of the brain.

  C Neurons in the brain.

  D Oxygen rich blood.

  32.Which of the following statements is NOT meant by the writer?

  A Cells in your brain are called neurons.

  B The more oxygen a neuron consumes, the more blood it needs.

  C FMRI helps scientists to discover which parts of the brain process information.

  D FMRI helps scientists to discover how the brain develops intelligently.

  33.“Highlighting the areas of the brain at work” means

  A “marking the parts of the brain that are processing information”

  B “giving light to the parts of the brain that are processing information”

  C “putting the parts of the brain to work”

  D “stopping the parts of the brain from working”

  34.What did the researchers experiment on?

  A Animals, objects, and fruits.

  B Two volunteers.

  C FMRI machines.

  D Thousands of pictures.

  35.Which of the following can be the best replacement of the title?

  A The Recent Development in Science and Technology.

  B Your Thoughts Can Be Scanned.

  C A Technological Dream.

  D A Device that can Help You Calculate.

  第二篇 Lateral Thinking

  Lateral thinking (迂回思维), first described by Edward de Bono in 1967, is just a few years older than Edward’s son. You might imagine that Caspar was raised to be an adventurous thinker, but de Bono name was so famous, Casper’s parents worried that any time he would say something bright at school, his teachers might snap, “Where do you get that idea from?”

  “We had to be careful and not overdo it,” Edward admits. Now Casper is at Oxford —— which once looked unlikely because he is also slightly dyslexic (诵读困难). In fact, when he was applying to Oxford, none of his school teachers thought he had a chance.“So then we did several thinking sessions,” his father says, “using my techniques and, when he went up for the exam, he did extremely well.” Soon after, Edward de Bono decided to write his latest book, “Teach Your Children How to Think”, in which he transforms the thinking skills he developed for brain—storming businessmen into informal exercises for parents and children to share.

  Thinking is traditionally regarded as something executed in a logical sequence, and everybody knows that children aren’t very logical. So isn’t it an uphill battle, trying to teach them to think? “You know,” Edward de Bono says, “if you examine people’s thinking, it is quite unusual to find faults of logic. But the faults of perception are huge! Often we think ineffectively because we take too limited a view. ”

  “Teach Your Child How to Think” offers lessons in perception improvement, of clearly seeing the implications of something you are saying and of exploring the alternatives.

  36.What is TRUE about Casper?

  A He is Edward’s son.

  B He is an adventurous thinker.

  C He first described lateral thinking.

  D He is often scolded by his teacher.

  37.Casper succeeded in applying to Oxford because.

  A he was careful and often overworked

  B all of his school teachers thought he had a chance

  C he used in the exam the techniques provided by his father

  D he read the book “Teach Your Child How to Think” before the exam

  38.It can be inferred from Paragraph 2 that Edward

  A was likely to improve children’s logic with his book

  B gave a description of lateral thinking several years after his son was born

  C was prompted to study lateral thinking because his son was slightly dyslexic

  D once taught businessmen how to think before he wrote for parents and children

  39.According to Paragraph 3, which of the following statements expresses Edward de Boon’s view?

  A Everybody knows that children aren’t very logical.

  B It is an uphill battle trying to teach children to think.

  C We often think ineffectively because we take too limited a view.

  D Thinking is traditionally regarded as something executed in a logical sequence.

  40.Lateral thinking refers to the following EXCEPT.

  A improving one’s logic in thinking

  B improving one’s perception in thinking

  C seeing the implications of what you are saying

  D exploring the alternatives for what you are saying

  第三篇 Global Warming

  At the Kyoto conference on global warming in December 1997, it became abundantly clear how complex it has become to work out international agreements relating to the environment because of economic concerns unique to each country. It is no longer enough to try to forbid certain activities or to reduce emissions of certain substances. The global challenges of the interlink between the environment and development increasingly bring us to the core of the economic life of states. During the late 1980s we were able, through international agreements, to make deep cuts in emissions harmful to the ozone layer. These reductions were made possible because substitutions had been found for many of the harmful chemicals and, more important, because the harmful substances could be replaced without negative effects on employment and the economies of states.

  Although the threat of global warming has been known to the world for decades and all countries and leaders agree that we need to deal with the problem, we also know that the effects of measures, especially harsh measures taken in some countries, would be nullified (抵消 ) if others countries do not control their emissions. Whereas the UN team on climate change has found that the emissions of carbon dioxide would have to be cut globally by 60% to stabilize the content of CO2 in the atmosphere, this path is not feasible for several reasons. Such deep cuts would cause a breakdown of the world economy. Important and populous (人口众多的) low or medium income countries are not yet willing to undertake legal commitments about their energy uses. In addition, the state of world technology would not yet permit us to make such a big leap.

  We must, however, find a solution to the threat of global warming early in the 21st century. Such a commitment would require a degree of shared vision and common responsibilities new to humanity. Success lies in the force of imaginations, in imagining what would happen if we fail to act. Although many living in cold regions would welcome the global warming effect of a warmer summer, few would cheer the arrival of the subsequent diseases, especially where there had been none.

  41.The main purpose of this passage is to

  A convince people that global warming is a real threat

  B criticize some countries for refusing to cut down emissions harmful to the ozone layer

  C analyze the problem of global warming

  D argue against making deep cuts in emissions

  42.The reason why it is difficult to get rid of the threat of global warming is that

  A the leaders of many countries are not fully aware of the gravity of the problem

  B world technology is not able to solve the problem

  C not all the countries are willing to make deep cuts in emissions

  D many people welcome the global—warming effect of a warmer summer

  43.In the passage the author implies that

  A it is always difficult to work out international agreements to cut down emissions harmful to the ozone layer

  B it is no longer easy to reach international agreements relating to the environment

  C the world had recently become aware of the threat of global warming

  D the problem of global warming has largely been solved

  44.According to the author, it is impossible at present to cut 60% of carbon dioxide emissions globally because .

  A it is only a goal to be reached in the future

  B some people are lacking in imagination

  C some people are irresponsible

  D it would cause to a collapse of the world economy

  45.What should all countries do to help solve the problem of global warming?

  A They should replace all the harmful substances.

  B They should willingly undertake legal commitments about their energy uses.

  C They should hold another world conference on climate change.

  D They should provide advanced technology.

  第五部分:补全短文 (第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)

  阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后面有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放回文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  Development in Newspaper Organization

  One of the most important developments in newspaper organization during the first part of the twentieth century 46,which are known as wire services. Wire—service companies employed reporters, who covered stories all over the world. Their news reports were sent to papers throughout the country by telegraph. The papers paid an annual fee for this service. Wire services continue 47. Today the major wire services are the Associated Press (AP) and United Press International (PUI).You will frequently find AP or UPI at the beginning of a news story.

  Newspaper chains and mergers began to appear in the early 1900s. A chain consists of two or more newspapers 48A merger involves combining two or more papers into one. During the nineteenth century many cities had more than one competitive independent paper. Today in most cities there are only one or two newspapers, and 49.Often newspapers in several cities belong to one chain. Papers have combined 50. Chains and mergers have cut down production costs and brought the advantages of big—business methods to the newspaper industry.

  A to play an important role in newspaper operations

  B was the growth of telegraph services

  C and they usually enjoy great prestige

  D they are usually operated by a single owner

  E in order to survive under the pressure of rising costs

  F owned by a single person or organization

  第六部分:完型填空 (第51~65题,每题1分,共15分)

  阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  What Is the Coolest Gas in the Universe?

  What is the coldest air temperature ever recorded on the Earth? Where was this low tem- perature recorded?. The coldest recorded temperature on Earth was 91℃, which 51 in Antarctica in1983.

  We encounter an interesting situation when we discuss temperatures in 52 Temperatures in Earth orbit actually range from about + t20℃ to 120℃. The temperature depends upon 53 you are in direct sunlight or shade. Obviously, 120℃ is colder than our body can safely endure. Thank NASA science for well—designed space 54 that protect astronauts from these temperature extremes.

  The space temperatures just discussed affect only our area1 of the solar 55 . Obviously, it is hotter closer to the Sun and colder as we travel away from the Sun. Astronomers estimate temperatures at Pluto are about 210℃. How cold is the lowest estimated temperature in the entire universe? Again, it depends upon your 56 . We are taught it is supposedly 57 to have a temperature below absolute zero, which is 273℃, at which atoms do not move. Two scientists, whose names are Cornell and Wieman, have successfully cooled down a gas to a temperature barely 58 absolute zero. They won a Nobel Prize in Physics in 2001 for their work—not a discovery, in this case2.

  Why is the two scientists work so important to science?

  In the 1920s, Satyendra Nath Bose was studying an interesting 59 about special light particles we now call photons. Bose had trouble 60 other scientists to believe his theory, 61 he contacted Albert Einstein. Einstein’s calculations helped him. theorize that atoms 62 behave as Bose thought—but only at very cold temperatures.

  Scientists have also discovered that 63 atoms can help them make the world’s atomic docks even more accurate. These clocks are so accurate today they would only lose3 one second 64 six million years! Such accuracy will .help us travel in space because distance is velocity times time4 (d = v x t). With5 the long distances involved in space 65, we need to know time as accurately as possible to get accurate distance.

  51.A opened B occurred C opposed D operated

  52.A Earth B space C planet D star

  53.A whether B where C what D when

  54.A foods B beds C tools D suits

  55.A wind B energy C system D rays

  56.A education B status C knowledge D location

  57.A reasonable B wonderful C impossible D necessary

  58.A above B below C within D beyond

  59.A invention B theory C paper D experiment

  60.A convincing B begging C ordering D forcing

  61.A and B though C but D so

  62.A will B would C must D can

  63.A ultra small B ultra fast C ultra hot D ultra cold

  64.A any B each C every D some

  65.A travel B research C walk D station

  参考答案

  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

  A C D B A C C C B A D C B

  14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26

  D C A B A A B B C C A B D

  27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39

  D B A E C D A B B A C D C

  40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52

  A C C B D B B A F D E B B

  53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65

  A D C D C A B A D B D C A

  详细解析

  第一部分:词汇选项

  1 A

  arouse v. 唤起 (awaken, stimulate)/rugged adj. 崎岖的 (rough, uneven)

  2 C

  arrange v. 整理,摆放 (put together)

  3 D

  array n. 陈列 (display, collection)/conceivable adj. 可能的, 想得到的 (thinkable, imaginable)

  4 B

  artificial adj. 人造的, 假的 (synthetic, unnatural)

  5 A

  ascertain v. 确定 (determine, establish)/pretend v. 假装, 装扮 (feign, mislead)

  6 C

  contamination n. 污染 (pollution)/popularization n. 普及 (making sth. popular)

  7 C

  contradictory adj. 矛盾的 (opposing)

  8 C

  contrariwise adv. 与……相反 (opposite)/innate adj. 先天的 (inborn)/ironic adj. 讽刺的 (satiric, mocking)/circumspect adj. 慎重的 (cautious, watchful)

  9 B

  convene v. 召集 (assemble, meet)/converse vi.交谈 (talk with, speak with)/raze v. 夷为平地 (level)

  10 A

  corroborate v. 证实, 确认 (prove, confirm)/refrain v. 克制 (abstain)/bleach v. 漂白 (whiten, blanch)

  11 D

  ethereal adj. 灵巧的 (delicate)/disciplined adj. 受过训练的;守纪律的 (marked or possessing discipline)

  12 C

  evacuate v. 疏散 (remove)/illfated adj. 恶运的 (unfortunate)/anticipate v. 预见 (foresee)/shelter v. 掩蔽 (hide, conceal)

  13 B

  exhibit v. 陈列 (display, show)/graffito n. graffiti (墙上的) 乱涂乱画 (wall scrawl)/mural n. 壁画, 壁饰 (wall painting)

  14 D

  exhilarate v. 使人兴奋 (stimulate)/humble v. 使……卑下 (degrade)

  15 C

  expanding adj. 扩大的,增加的 (increasing)/facility n. 设施 (building)/leisure adj. 空闲的 (free) ; n. 空闲 (free time)

  第二部分:阅读判断

  16 A

  答案在第一段中可以找到。Fermi在作了一番mental calculation以后,得出了该原子弹具有相当于10,000吨TNT的爆炸力。

  17 B

  Fermi在1938年获诺贝尔奖,四年以后才建立核锁反应。

  18 A

  第二段的第三句是答案的依据。这个句子是:He was very good at dividing difficult problems into small, manageable bits—talent we all can use in our daily lives.

  19 A

  答案的依据是第三段的内容。第一句中的this talent指第二段提到的将难以解决的问题分解成几个容易处理的小问题。第三段对这种解决问题的方法又进一步作了描写。

  20 B

  第四段是为第二段和第三段的内容提供实际例子,即Fermi problem的实际运用,并不是Fermi本人运用Fermi解决问题的方法约略推算出地球的周长。

  21 B

  最后一段是全篇的结论,强调了Fermi problem 的价值:the rewards of making independent discoveries and inventions。

  22 C

  文章根本没有提到他发明了一台能精确计量炸弹能量的仪器。

  第三部分:概括大意与完成句子

  23 C

  本段的主题是成人教育的不同方式。

  24 A

  本段从社会、经济、工业等因素介绍了发展成人教育的必要性。

  25 B

  本段介绍了早期的有组织的成人教育计划。

  26 D

  本段简述了人们对成人教育的认识和成人教育的发展。

  27 D

  动词learn后面缺的是它的宾语,填入的是个由what引导的宾语从句。

  28 B

  including提示后面要求填入的是前面说的成人教育的各种形式中的若干种。

  29 A

  has been made necessary被动式的出现说明后面很可能会跟一个by短语,当然从意义上考虑不应该是C。

  30 E

  date是动词,date back to的意思是“追溯到……”。

  

  第四部分:阅读理解

  31 C

  文章第二段的最后两个句子提供了答案。Cells in your brain called neurons are responsible for this processng. 这里的processing指的就是上句中的内容。

  32 D

  D的内容文章中没有出现。A的第二段可找到。B的内容在第二段可找到。C的内容在第五段可找到。

  33 A

  Highlight: 使……显得突出,标出。at work:正在工作的。这里指正在处理信息的(大脑区域)。

  34 B

  B答案在文章的第六段中可以找到。实验者让两个自愿受试者观看许多照片,并用fMRI设备测试他们的大脑在这一过程中的活动。

  35 B

  A论述的范围太大。fMRI技术已不再是梦想,所以C也不是正确选择。D所述内容与文章完全不符。B符合文章内容,是最佳选择。

  36 A

  关于Casper的正确说法是:A他是Edward的儿子;B他是一个开拓型思维的人;C他首次描绘了迂回思维;D他经常受老师叱责。

  37 C

  申请牛津大学成功的原因是:A他仔细认真且经常劳累过度;B他的老师都认为他能考上;C他在考试中应用了父亲提供的技巧;D他在考试前阅读了《教会孩子如何思维》这本书。

  38 D

  由第二段可以推断出Edward:A有可能通过他的著作改善孩子的思维逻辑;B在他儿子出生几年以后对迂回思维进行了描述;C因为儿子有点诵读困难才促使他研究迂回思维;D在为孩子和家长写书之前曾教过商人如何思维。

  39 C

  根据第三段内容,下列选项能够表达Edward de Bono观点的陈述是: A人人都知道孩子的思维是不太合乎逻辑的;B试图教孩子思维是一场艰苦的战斗;C我们经常不能有效思维是因为我们的视野过于狭隘;D依据传统的观点, 人们认为思维要按照一定的逻辑顺序进行。

  40 A

  迂回思维指的不是下列当中的哪一项?A改进自己的思维逻辑;B改进自己的思维理解力;C了解你所说内容的含义;D为你所说内容寻求其他的替换对象。

  41 C

  本篇的主要意图是:A让人们相信全球变暖是一个真正的威胁;B对某些国家拒绝减少危害臭氧层物质的排放量提出批评;C分析全球变暖问题;D反对大幅度减少有害物质的排放量。

  42 C

  难以消除全球变暖这一威胁的原因是:A许多国家的领导者尚未充分认识到这一问题的严重性;B国际技术水平还不能解决这一问题;C并非所有的国家都愿意大幅度地减少有害物的排放量;D许多人对全球变暖所产生的温暖夏季效应持欢迎态度。

  43 B

  文章的作者暗示:A要达成国际协议来减少危害臭氧层的物质排放量,一直是一件困难的事情;B达成有关环境的国际协议已不再是一件容易的事情;C全世界最近才意识到全球变暖的威胁;D全球变暖问题已在很大程度上得以解决。

  44 D

  作者认为目前不能在全球范围内减少60%的二氧化碳释放量的原因是:这仅是未来要实现的目标;B某些人缺乏想像力;C有些人不负责任;D这将引起世界经济崩溃。

  45 B

  所有国家应该做些什么才有助于解决全球变暖的问题?A他们应该替换所有的有害物质;B他们应该乐于为自身的能源消耗承担法律上的义务;C他们应该召集另一次国际会议来讨论全球变暖问题;D他们应该提供先进的技术。

  第五部分:补全短文

  46 B

  此句有主语,缺谓语,因此要填入一个能做谓语的选项。

  47 A

  动词continue后面常跟动词不定式作它的宾语。

  48 F

  本句主语和谓语齐全,填入的owned by a single person or organization是ed分词短语修饰前面的two or more newspapers。

  49 D

  这里填入的是并列复合句中的第二个从句。

  50 E

  填入的in order to 短语是目的状语,说明报纸合并的目的。

  第六部分:完形填空

  文章大意:由宇宙中的哪种气体温度最低引发探讨,阐述了科内尔与威曼两位科学家所做的工作对于科学界的重要性。

  51 B

  本段传述地球上记录到的最低温度是-91℃,本段最后一句的后半句显然是交代这一最低温度是在南极洲也现的。所以,occurred(发生,出现)是正确选择。其他三个选项的词义与上下文的意思相去甚远。

  52 B

  通观本段,内容是叙述宇宙空间的温度。选项B的space是“宇宙空间”的意思,所以是答案。其他三个选项Earth(地球)、planet(行星)、star(恒星)在词义上都不合适。

  53 A

  上下文的意思是:地球轨道上的温度是介乎+120℃至-120℃之间。温度的变化取决于是向阳还是背阳。whether是“是否”的意思,所以是本题的答案。

  54 D

  上文说-120℃是宇航员无法忍受的温度,下文说美国国家航空和航天管理局生产出某种装置以protect astronauts from these temperature extremes(保护宇航员不受极端温度的侵害)。很明显,这一装置就是“space suits”。

  55 C

  现在讨论的内容是有关太阳系的宇宙空间的温度。本段第二句就说到太阳对温度的影响:靠近太阳的温度高一些,远离太阳的温度就低一些。所以,本题要选system。

  56 D

  整个宇宙空间的温度是多少度呢?温度的最低取决于哪个因素呢?从四个选项分析,温度不会取决于你的educaton(教育),你的status(地位)或你的knowledge(知识),因为这不合乎逻辑。只有选location(位置)才符合上下文的意思。

  57 C

  科学常识告诉我们,绝对零度是宇宙中的最低温度。impossible是答案。

  58 A

  本段前面的句子说到最低温度不会低于-273℃,所以,below、within、beyond都有悖于上述论述。只有above(高于)才与上文的意思相符。

  59 B

  本段第二句说,Bose没有办法使其他的科学家“believe his theory”,所以第一句的studying an interesting之后缺失的词应该是“theory”。

  60 A

   Bose一筹莫展,只好求助于爱因斯坦,后者通过计算证实了Bose的理论。本题选convincing(说服)最恰当。orderign(命令)或forcing(强迫)都不合逻辑。begging(恳求)也太低三下四了。

  61 D

  本段的第二句的前半句与后半句是因果关系,连词要选so。

  62 B

  本句的主句中的谓语动词用的是过去时helped,根据“主句为过去时态,宾语从句一般也要用过过时态”这一进态一致的原则,本题要选would。

  63 D

  Wornell and Wieman荣获诺贝尔物理奖,是因为他们成功地将气体的温度降到接近零度。本文最后两段以实际例子说明他们的成就推动了科学的发展。因此,ultra—small,ultra—fst和ultra—“hot都与Cornel and Wieman的研究无关联,不会是答案。只有ultracold才是合乎逻辑的选择。

  64 C

  从句子“These clocks are so accurate today they would only lose one second six million years!”推断,原子钟如此精确,每隔600万年才慢1秒。“每隔”的英语用词是every。

  65 A

  从地球飞向其他星球的宇宙航程很长,计时越精确,测算宇宙飞行器的即时距离就越精确。本段讲的是精确计时对宇宙航行的重要性。所以,选travel是正确的。本题不能选walk,因此space walk是“太空行走”,指的是宇航员离开飞船在宇宙空间中活动,与space travel是两个不同的概念。

  

(责任编辑:苏燕)
  • 分享到:
上网从搜狗开始
网页  新闻

我要发布

中国教育培训库 找学校 找课程

近期热点关注
网站地图

时尚文化中心

搜狐 | ChinaRen | 焦点房地产 | 17173 | 搜狗

实用工具