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2010年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题

作者:海天教育
2010年01月10日11:40

  2010年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题

  Section I Use of English

  Dnecclious:

  Read thc following text.Choose the bcsl word(s) for each numbcred blank.and mark[A],[B],[C]or[D]on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

  In 1924 American' National Research Council sent to engineer to supervise a series of experiments at a telephone-parts factory called the Hawhtore Plant near

  Chicago It hoped they would learn how stop-floor Egnting __1__ workors productivity Instead,the studies ended__2__ giving their name to the“Hawhthome

  effect”the extremely inflentlcel ldea the veey__3__to bemg expenmented upon changed subjects’behavior

  The idea arose because of the__4__behavior of the women in the plato.Accordmg to __5__of the cxpetmems.their.houriy output rose when hghtmg WaS

  increased.but also when it was dimmed. It did not __6__what was done in the expenment. __7__sometmg was changed.produchnty rose A(n) __8__ that they

  were bemg experimented upon seemed to be __9__t0 alterworkers' bchamor __10__ uself

  After several decades,the salile data were __11__to econometric the analysis Hawthorne experiments has another surprise store j2一the descnpuons on record,no

  systematic __13__was foundthat lcvcls of produchxnty wererelated to changes in lighting

  It turns out that peculiar way of conducting the c~enments may be have let to __14__interpretation of what happed.__15__,tighring was always changed on

  a Sunday When work started again on Monday, output __16__ rose compared with the previous Saturday and __17__ to rise for the next couple of days __18__ , ,

  a comparison with data for weeks whenthere was no expenmentation showed that output always went up On Monday, workers __19__to be duigent for the first few

  days of the week in any case,before __21__a plateau and then slackening off This suggests that the alleged” Hawthorne effect“is hard to ptn down

  1.[A] affected [B]achieved [C]exlracted [D]restored

  2[A]at [B]up [C]with [D]Off

  3[A]Wuth [B]sight [C]act [D]proof

  4.[A]conVoversial [B]perplexing [c]mischieous [D]ambiguous

  5.[A]reqtttrents [B]cxplanalions [C]accounts [D]assements

  6[A]conclude [B]matter [C]indicate [D]work

  7[A]as faras [B]for fearthat [C]in casethat [D]so long as

  8.[A]awarerress [B]expectation [C]sentiment [D]illusion

  9.[A]suitale [B]excessive [C]enough [D]abundant

  10.[A]about [B]for [C]on [D]by

  11[A]compared [B]shown [C]subjected [D]conveyed

  12.[A]contrary to [B]consistent with [C]parallel with [D]pealliar to

  13.[A]evidence [B]guidance [C]implication [D]source

  14.[A]disputable [B]enlightening [C]retiable [D]wasleadmg

  15.[A]In contast [B]For example [C]In consequence [D]As usual

  16.[A]duly [B]accidentally [C]unpredictably [D]suddenly

  17.[A]failed [B]ceased [C]started [D]continued

  20.[A]breaking [B]chrnbing [C]surpassmg [D]hiting

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