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教育频道 > 高等教育 > 考研_2010考研试题答案 > 2010考研试题答案_政治试题答案_英语试题答案_数学试题答案

英语名师黄涛点评2010年考研英语大小作文

作者:启航考研
2010年01月09日18:00

  “年年岁岁题相似,岁岁年年人不同”,这句话最好诠释了近10年考研英语大作文的特点。2010年1月9日下午的英语考试刚刚落下帷幕,广大考研学子还要为明天的专业课或数学考试做最后的拼搏。在经历了从08年连续三年大作文部分比较容易审题之后,今年的考生也普遍感觉大小作文和往年一样难度适中,体现在大家都觉得有话可说。广大考生只要认真回忆我们启航强化和冲刺课堂上讲授的话题和背诵内容,就会发现此次大小作文命题都是属于我们课堂上分析过的图画作文,及有关通知内容模板的写法。下面来分析一下今年的大小作文,并提供范文供大家参考。

  从05年到09年,小作文已经测试过辞职信(道歉信)、请求信和建议信的写法,08年重考了偏向于与私人交流的道歉信,09年小作文接着又重考了考生对建议信的写作。可以这么说,近两年的小作文都是再测试以往考过的话题。而今年2010年的小作文还是照搬近几年一贯的出题方式----书信写作,并没有测试今年在广大考生中流传的摘要的写法。

  2010年的小作文要求以研究生的名义写一封通知,通知的内容是为全球一体化的国际会议招募志愿者,这个通知必须包括申请者的基本职位及你认为相关的其它信息。通知信件具体内容要求考生自由发挥的余地较大,考生可以思考出一些具体要求。首先,我们按照书信的一贯写法,开门见山地说出有一次全球化会议需要招聘志愿者。至于基本职位,因为是国际会议,所以我们自然而言地想出,会议的第一个要求是语言要求,要求能说英语或更多其它语言。同时要求申请者具备一些好的品质,比如耐心,乐于助人,有爱心等。然后再把具体的联系地址和下一步的要求说清楚就行。下面是我们提供的一个参考范文。

  一. 小作文部分

  Directions:

  You are supposed to write for the postgraduate association a notice to recruit volunteers for an international conference on globalization, you should conclude the basic qualification of applicant and the other information you think relative。

  You should write about 100 words. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use " postgraduate association " instead。

  参考范文

  Volunteers Wanted

  An international conference on globalization will be held in the coming winter vacation. This conference will be organized by the Postgraduates’ Association.

  At present we will recruit 10 volunteers to work as assistants for this conference. The applicants are required to speak English fluently. Those who can speak another foreign language such as French or Japanese are preferable. In addition to the language skills, those volunteers are expected to be patient, helpful, open-minded with a loving heart. The volunteers will be provided free three meals a day as well as transportation from and back to the conference site.

  Those who are interested in working as volunteers, please send your resume and application letter to the e-mail address postgraduateassociation@163.com. The Postgraduates’ Association will contact those chosen candidates for an interview before Febulary, 10th.

  We are sincerely waiting for you to join us!

  Postgraduates’ Association

  二.大作文审题

  Directions:

  Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should

  1)describe the drawing briefly,

  2) explain its intended meaning, and,

  3) give your comments。

  

  正如我们所料,2010年的大作文还是考了我们所预测的图画作文,这是考研历史上第11次考图画作文了。字数要求在160--200词。图画作文往往是一张抽象而意味深长的图片或漫画,有时让人很难理解。今年的图画只有一张图,但主题明显直接。图画中间是一个火锅,火锅里面写满了很多汉字,比如佛,功夫,解构,礼,后现代,老舍,莎士比亚,爱因斯坦,道,仁,京剧等许多代表中国和外国文化的东西。把这些东西放在一起,就意味着中西文化融合在一起,特别是下面的文字提示:文化“火锅”,既美味又营养。能更好地帮助我们理解图画的主题:即文化融合Cultural integration的问题。可以说这也是一个考研永恒的话题,这个话题在2002考研作文里面出现过,可以说是同一个主题。

  考研大作文多年来关注的是对青少年思想品德方面的教育,比如:01年要培养爱心;02年要把民族文化发扬光大;03年要学会自立自强;04年要与时俱进;05年要孝敬父母;06年关于偶像崇拜;07年的自信;08的合作与团结,09年人们普遍关心的网络问题。从中我们可以看得出命题专家们对教育年轻一代的良苦用心。所以我们可以概括出大作文的命题规律是有关青年人成长的问题居多,另外就是社会上的一些热点或人们普遍关心的话题。这一点对2011年考生的作文备考有很大帮助。

  在写大作文时,第一段需要简短描述图画的内容。今年的图画中的火锅hot pot,以及代表中国文化的许多东西,考生没必要一一翻译出来,自己量力而行,选择几个有代表性的东西翻译出来就行。第二段需要阐释图画寓意,其实就是让我们分析文化的融合和交流问题这一现象。最后一段应该表明作者本人对文化融合和交流这种现象的态度或看法。

  【作文思路】

  按照我们课堂上的写作方法,可以这样来展开描述和议论。第一段为传统的图画描述段,根据图画中的具体信息,尤其是下面的文字说明,进行直接描述。比如可以运用我们冲刺课堂上传授的精彩句型 " Whoever in front of this cartoon/drawing/picture will be greatly impressed. How amusing and interesting it is! What is vividly illustrated in the painting above is that currently cultural integration is highly pervasive in China. (对漫画笼统地描述)。然后再补上后面的文字解释说明:The caption(图画中的文字)indicates that Chinese culture is like a hot pot, which is both tasty and nutritious. "属经典的开头套话。在描述中,不可缺少的主题相关词包括" cultural integration (文化融合)", 及许多代表中国文化特色的东西," Beijing opera, Daoism, Gongfu, Shakespeare, Einstain, 等与“文化”有关的词汇。

  第二段要求阐释漫画背后所隐藏的深刻社会意义。在这一段首句可以直接采用" Simply designed as the picture is, the symbolic meaning it conveys is deep and profound. It is, most likely, that the drawer intends not only to present the fact to us but also to set us thinking about its social significance。在句型运用方面,可以考虑使用启航课堂上反复提到的必杀词组“The foremost and the most striking influence of it,As is universally acknowledged,和What makes things even better等。第三段阐述自己的一些看法或想法,发挥它的长处,来使我们的生活更快乐和有意义。

  参考范文

  As is vividly depicted in the drawing, in the middle of the cartoon stands a hot pot, containing many Chinese cultural symbols, such as Beijing operas, Daoism, and some foreigh cultural symbols, etc. How impressive the drawing is in describing the common phenomenon that Chinese culture is becoming increasingly integrated into the world. The drawer’s intention seems to be highly self-evident and the meaning causes us to be thought-provoking.

  It holds to be apparent that the cartoon is indicative of a pervasive phenomenon with regard to culture. When it comes to(一谈到) culture,its great impacts and benefits can’t be too estimated. As China opens to the outside world, our traditional culture is embracing the foreign culture, thus making our Chinese culture more diversified, colorful and internationalized just like a melting pot. What the picture conveys goes far beyond this. The fact that people from different countries are attracted to each other, indicating that to some extent different cultures can be accepted,respected,appreciated and shared internationally. In other words,Chinese unique culture can become international through worldwide economic and cultural exchanges. Since the trend of globalization become irresistible, cultural integration can effectively improve mutual understanding and friendship among different countries.

  In my personal sense, Chinese national culture as priceless spiritual treasure should be preserved and cherished. Meanwhile,there are good reasons to embrace foreign cultures on the ground that those ideas from the other cultures can provide a different perspective for us to observe the world in the long run. However,confronted with a different culture,we should be sensible enough to absorb its essence and to resist its dark side. Only in this way can we promote cultural integration and development positively, thus making our motherland dimensional,colorful and vigorous. (303 words)

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