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教育频道 > 高等教育 > 2009考研_中国考研第一门户 > 考研英语复习专栏 > 考研英语复习指导

启航黄涛点评:09考研英语大小作文审题与范文

  启航英语名师黄涛点评:09考研英语大小作文审题与范文

  “年年岁岁题相似,岁岁年年题不同”,这句话最好诠释了今3年考研作文的特点。09年1月10日下午的英语考试已经落下帷幕,广大莘莘学子还要为接下来的专业课或数学考试最后拼搏。

在经历了08年写作部分较容易之后,09年的考生也普遍感觉大小作文难度适中,体现在大家都觉得有话可说。广大考生只要认真回忆启航强化和冲刺课堂上讲授的话题和背诵内容,就会发现此次大小作文命题都是属于我们课堂上分析过的"网络的利与弊",及有关建议信的内容模板。下面我来分析一下今年的大小作文,并提供范文供大家参考。

  从05年到07年,小作文已经测试过辞职信(道歉信)、请求信和建议信的写法,08年重考了偏向于与私人交流的道歉信,09年小作文接着又测试了考生对建议信的写作。通过试题中列举的提纲,我们判断出此次的建议信要求考生首先做简短的评论,并提出2至3条建议。小作文写作难度不大,考生只要根据自己平时对“白色污染”知识的积累或常识,就能做出简短的评论,这种做法肯定破坏我们的生活环境,因而不利于环保。考生重要的是在第二部分加以发挥,要写出比较中肯的建议来。根据课堂上讲到的段落展开三层论述法:国家立法,社会关注,个人遵守三个方面来展开都可以。当然还有其它方面的建议。因此我们列出一个提纲:首段说明写信的目的,中间段落做出简短评论,末段提出三条建议,最后希望被采纳,表示谢意并盼望回复。

  一.小作文部分

  Directions: Restrictions on the use of plastic bags have not been so successful. In some regions, white pollution is still going on. Write a letter to the editors of your local newpaper to:

  1) Give your comments briefly and

  2) make two or three suggestions.

  Don't sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use "Li Ming" instead. Don't write the address.

  参考范文

  Dear Editors,

  I, as your faithful reader, am writing this letter to suggest that plastic bags should be restricted in our daily life. However, to my surprise and sadness, I have found that disposable plastic bags are still widely used in some areas just because people are unwilling to change their old habits, thus causing their surroundings to be even worse.

  To solve this serious problem, I would like to put forward a couple of practical suggestions. Above all, our country should establish a strong agency to limit the production of those bags and monitor the use of them. Furthermore, some other choices should be adovcated to replace plastic bags with paper or bamboo ones. Finally, consumers should pay for the use of plastic bags so as to enhance their consciousness of environmental protection.

  I really hope my suggestions would attract your due attention and receive an early reply.

  Yours Sincerely,

  Li Ming

  二.大作文审题

  正如我们所料,09年的大作文还是考了我们所预测的图画作文,字数要求在160--200词。图画作文往往是一张抽象而意味深长的图片或漫画,有时让人很难理解。今年的图画只有一张图,但主题明显直接。许多人都坐在一个个狭小的空间里,在电脑面前上网聊天,虽然近在咫尺,却看似相隔很远。大量的人和一台台计算机组合在一起就像一张蜘蛛网(即互联网)。图画的文字暗示也非常明显,网络把不同地区的人们连接在一起,这是网络带给人们的好处,但我们还应该更注意到网络带给我们不利的一面,也就是说,网络让人们陶醉在这个虚拟的空间里,人与人之间的空间距离看似缩小了,但是由于人与人之间的联系是通过电脑进行的,人们很少外出,因此实际上人们之间面对面的交流却随之更少了。尤其通过下面的文字提示:网络的“近”与“远”,这几个汉字提醒我们网络即拉近了人们之间的距离,但又使得人与人之间的关系变得疏远、甚至冷漠。总的说来,可以谈谈网络的利与弊,但应该多说说网络的弊端。

  考研大作文多年来关注的是对青少年思想品德方面的教育,比如:01年要培养爱心;02年要把民族文化发扬光大;03年要学会自立自强;04年要与时俱进;05年要孝敬父母;06年关于偶像崇拜;07年的自信;08的合作与团结,09年普遍关心的网络问题。从中我们可以看得出命题专家们对教育年轻一代的良苦用心。也正因为如此,最近九年的考研作文看上去特别容易推理,总不离长辈对年轻人的谆谆教导。

  在写作时,第一段需要简短描述图画。图画中出现的人物就是很多人坐在电脑前上网聊天,暗示网络给人们带来了极大的方便。第二段需要阐释图画寓意,其实就是让我们分析网络的利与弊,必须采取传统的一分为二的方法。先说说网络的好处,然后笔锋一转,一定要谈网络给人们带来的一些不利方面。这个内容应该重点阐述。最后一段应该表明作者本人对网络导致这种现象的态度或建议。

  【作文思路】

  按照我们课堂上的写作方法,可以这样来展开描述和议论。第一段为传统的图画描述段,根据图画中的具体信息,尤其是下面的文字说明,进行直接描述。比如可以运用 "As is vividly depicted in the drawing, ",和"Simply designed as the drawing seems to be,” 及其后面的文字解释说明:The caption(文字)indicates that Internet brings us both advantages and disadvantages. "属经典的开头套话。在描述中,不可缺少的主题相关词包括"Internet", "popularity"和 "computers",另外还包括上网冲浪(surf the Internet), 交流看法(exchange the views) 等与网络有关的词汇。

  第二段要求阐释漫画背后所隐藏的深刻社会意义。在这一段首句可以直接采用" It is apparent that the cartoon is indicative of a pervasive problem with regard to Internet. "。在句型运用方面,可以考虑使用词组“can’t….too (再怎么…也不过分)”,和强调句型“It is ….that ”。同时利用转折词However来谈网络的坏处。可以用到的词组有:be addicted to, be indulged in, be indifferent to等。

  第三段阐述自己的观点或提出可行的建议都可以,我们一般把comments定位为建议结论段。本段结构要求我们应该理性地对待网络,发挥它的长处,来使我们的生活更快乐和有意义。

  【范文】

  As is vividly depicted in the drawing, in front of computers and in narrow spaces are sitting many people, exchanging their views with each other by surfing the Internet. How impressive the drawing is in describing the people’s addiction to the Internet. The drawer’s intention seems to be highly self-evident and the meaning causes us to be thought-provoking.

  It holds apparent that the cartoon is indicative of a pervasive problem with regard to Internet. When it comes to(一谈到) Internet,its great impacts and benefits can’t be too estimated. It is the Internet that makes our big world become a global village. However, as a growing number of individuals are addicted to (沉溺于) the Internet, they forget doing other important work and are gradually indulged in(沉溺在) the virtual world, unwilling to go into the real society. As a consequence(因此), they close their doors and never go out as soon as they return home from work, reluctant to have any face-to-face connection even with other folks except on line. What’s worse, they become indifferent(漠不关心)to their friends, neighbours, as well as relatives.

  This phenomenon is harmful to us and our community too. As the pressure in life and work increases, we should learn to use proper ways to relieve it. It’s time that we took some measures to improve the situation. People can be organized to hold some activities together to develop some good hobbies. Consequently, we must make full use of Internet to do everything beneficial to make our daily life both joyful and meaningful. (272 words )

  

(责任编辑:刘勇)

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