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考研辅导:英语知识点答疑之写作常用词汇

  一、近义词汇:

  1.完全:absolute, unconditional, unlimited, complete, unrestricted, unmixed, perfect, entire

  2.好:extraordinary, amazing, miraculous, marvelous, stupendous, excellent, good, well, wonderful, fine, nice, of high quality, pleasing, surprising, agreeable

  3.小:small, diminutive, puny, little, pocket-sized, petit, minute, tiny

  4.多:big , enormous, large, gigantic, vast, tremendous, gargantuan, huge, immense, a lot of, lots of, many, much, plenty of, a great deal of, a number of, an amount of, a great many, a good many, many a, scores of, dozens of, a great quantity of

  5.高兴,快乐:delighted, delightful, pleased, pleasing, charmed, pleasant, cheerful, cheering, merry, happy, gratified, glad, gay, agreeable, friendly, content, satisfied, light-hearted, joyful

  6.真的:True, truthful, veracious, faithful, accurate, loyal, staunch, genuine, honest, real, trustworthy, constant.

  7.全,都:all, whole, entire, complete, perfect, total, the whole number of , unbroken , gross

  二、常见的连接词

  连接词根据其本身的意思和文章连接所需要的逻辑意义可分为几类:

  a.表示开场to begin with , in the first place , in general , generally speaking

  b.表示总结to summarize , to sum up , to conclude , in conclusion , finally

  c.表示举例a case in point , a good illustration / example of … is …,

  d.表示原因because , since , for , the cause of , the reason for , now that

  e.表示结果as a result , as a consequence , consequently

  f.表示比较both , like , likewise , similarly , in common , in the same way

  g.表示对照on the contrary , on the other hand , despite , in spite of , however

  h.表示列举first , firstly , in the first place , first of all , to begin with

  i.表示强调especially , particularly , certainly , surely , chiefly , actually

  j.表示让步even though , although , in spite of , however , but , yet

  三、写作的启、承、转、合常用词语小结

  1.有关“启”的常用词语(用来引导主题句或跟在主题句的后面,引导第一个扩展句)

  at first 首先

  at present 现在;当今

  currently 现在;最近

  first 首先;第一

  first of all 首先

  firstly 首先

  2.有关“承”的常用词语(用来承接主题句或第一个扩展句)

  to start with 首先;第一

  after 此后

  after a few days 几天之后

  after a while 过了一会儿

  also 并且

  at any rate 无论如何

  at the same time 同时(用在“转”时,作“可是”解)

  besides(this) 此外

  3.有关“转”的常用词语(用来表示不同或相反的语气)

  after all 毕竟

  all the same 虽然;但是

  anyway 无论如何

  at the same time 可是(表轻微转折)

  but 但是

  conversely 相反地

  despite 尽管,虽然

  4.有关“合”的常用词语(用来引导结尾句或最后一个扩展句,表示段落的结束)

  above all 最重要

  accordingly 于是

  as a consequence 因此

  as a result 结果

  as has been noted 如前所述及

  

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