第1篇 Passage 1
Read and interpret the following passage from Chinese into English:
The Chinese government has gradually improved the administration of labor contracts for rural migrant workers in cities. Any work unit that employs rural workers must sign labor contracts according to law to clarify the rights and obligations of the respective parties. The government has reorganized the labor market, strengthened supervision over and inspection of the employing units and intermediaries, enhanced management in such areas as wage payment and labor conditions, carried out a special inspection of law enforcement regarding the protection of rural migrant workers' rights and interests, and severely dealt with illegal job agencies and fabrication of false employment information to deceive rural migrant workers. It has effectively safeguarded rural migrant workers' legitimate rights and interests and the order of the labor market. Active efforts have been made to develop ways to extend social insurance to rural migrant workers, and in the major localities that bring in migrant workers, such as Guangdong, Fujian and Beijing, the coverage of social insurance has been extended to include rural migrant workers. Relevant policies and regulations have been worked out and active efforts have been made to provide social insurance to rural migrant workers in work-related injury, medicare and old-age pension.
第2篇 Passage 2
Read and interpret the following passage from Chinese into English：
To solve the employment problem of graduates from institutions of higher learning, the Chinese government has adopted measures to promote their employment. these mainly include the following: pursuing market guidance reform, government regulation, school recommendation, and the two-way choice of students and employers; encouraging graduates from institutions of higher learning to go to and work at grass-roots levels and in areas with tough conditions to strengthen urban communities and rural townships; urging enterprises and private enterprises and institutions to hire graduates from institutions of higher learning; encouraging graduates from institutions of higher learning to start their own businesses or to get employement in a flexible way. The government also offers them tax breaks, small loans and training for businesses; has established and improved employment information networks for graduates from institutions of higher learning and does a better job in employment guidance and services. Meanwhile, guidance is given to institutions of higher learning to readjust the structure of both their specialities and talent training to meet market demands.