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英泽对照:个人理财的10个错误观念

  Someone once said that if you were to make a list of your 10 closest friends and acquaintances and order your earnings and theirs from smallest to greatest, you'd probably find yourself somewhere near the middle. All that this means is that we are subtly influenced by our friends, even when we're not aware of it, especially in matters of money. Being somewhere in the middle is probably more comfortable for the average person.

  有人曾经说过,如果让你列出10个最亲密的朋友和熟人,然后把你和他们的收入从少到多进行排序,那么你可能会发现自己处在中间位置。

这说明的是,我们会受到友人们的潜移默化,尤其是在金钱方面,即便我们并不自知。对于一般人而言,排在中间或许感到更自在。

  If you are that rare person at the high end of the list, then you probably don't need to read this article. If you are not, then find out what's holding you back. There are hundreds of personal finance myths which are either misunderstood, taken out of context, or just plain incorrect. Here are our top 25.

  如果你是高高在上的那一个,或许你就不必读这篇文章了。如果不是,那就从中探寻是什么让你停步不前。在此例举出10大理财错误观念。

  I don't deserve to be rich.

  Why not? Intuition suggests that no matter which religion you follow, there are people who are successful and got there by honest means. What is wrong with that? Believing this myth cripples your willingness to be open to opportunities. Keep in mind that the government, Medicare, and other programs are not going to take care of you as much as you think.

  我不配成为富人

  为什么不配呢?直觉告诉人们,无论你信奉何种宗教,总有人获得成功而且是通过诚实手段。致富有什么不对的呢?相信这个误区,就会扭曲你迎接机遇的意愿。要记住,政府、医疗保障等等社会福利项目所能提供给你的,不会像你所想的那么多。

  Rich people are scum.

  Or greedy, selfish, uncaring, or whatever. It's just that the scummy rich are more played up in the media because it sells newspapers. Of course, the rich didn't get that way by giving away their money. At least not until they are ultra-rich like Bill Gates, Warren Buffet, and others who have donated to the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. One principle you could live by is this: you can't help the poor if you are yourself poor. Idealism is romantic, but reality is more sobering. This is a variation of the belief that "money is the root of all evil." What the Bible really says is that "the love of money is the root of all evil" (Timothy 6:10). These are two wholly different things, but the misinterpretation causes some people, even whole societies, to shun money. Become wealthy, then start your own prosperity project and give away wealth to good causes of your choosing.

  富人都是垃圾

  或者贪得无厌、自私自利、冷漠无情,诸如此类。事实上,那些垃圾富人在媒体上被渲染得比较多,是因为这样一来报纸好卖。当然,他们并不是靠给钱才做到这一点的。至少在他们成为比尔·盖茨、沃伦·巴菲特、以及其他比尔-梅琳达盖茨基金会的捐赠者这样的超级富豪之前不是。你可以遵从的一条原则是:穷帮不了穷。理想主义固然浪漫,但现实更为理智。"钱是万恶之源"之类的说法有种种版本。但圣经里真正说的是"爱财是万恶之源"。这是两个截然不同的观念,但错误的解读造成某些人、甚至整个社会对金钱避之不及。富裕起来,开展你自己的幸福计划,把财富捐献给你选择的慈善事业。

  You have to have X dollars to be wealthy.

  Wealthy is what you think it is for you. Don't try to keep up with the Joneses. Keep things simple. CNN Money has 10 rules for building wealth. [via LifeHack] Key is starting early, or at least starting now. Compound interest takes care of some of the growth, but if you are not keeping up with inflation, then you are not building wealth.

  很多钱才能致富

  富裕的标准因人而异。不要跟人攀比。让事情简单一些。可以参考CNN Money文章--10 Rules for Building Wealth。关键是要尽早起步,至少从现在开始。利滚利能令财富实现一些增长,但如果你跟不上通货膨胀的形势,就积累不了财富。

  Those with obvious material wealth must be rich.

  Experience suggests we humans get jealous or resentful for so many reasons, and witnessing someone's material wealth is often one of them. But don't be so sure that the neighbor with all the cool ATVs, skidoos, swimming pool, and latest car is actually wealthy (has liquid assets), or even happy. He/She could be deep in debt to maintain the facade.

  物质光鲜的人是富人

  经验表明,人出于许多原因会嫉妒或者忿忿不平,目睹别人的物质财富通常是原因之一。不过别那么肯定地以为,你那调频电视、雪地摩托、游泳池、最新款汽车......应有尽有的邻居很富有(拥有流动资产),甚至快乐。他/她为了撑起门面,可能正债台高筑。

  Money makes you happy. Money makes you unhappy.

  Well which is it? Money does not have the power in and of itself to make you happy or unhappy. There are happy poor people and miserable rich people. More money does help with the bills, provided you know how to manage your wealth. But people with more money can also spend more than necessary and actually end up with less. Read this money sermon by Coty Pinckney for a bit of insight.

  钱让人快乐、钱让人不快乐

  到底是那一个呢?钱本身其实并没有那么大的能耐让你快乐或者不快乐。有快乐的穷人,也有郁郁寡欢的富人。钱越多确实能应付账单,前提是你懂得如何管理财富。但比较有钱的人也会有不必要的开支,到最后实际上财富减少了。参阅Coty Pinckney的Money Sermon这篇文章,获取一些真知灼见。

  There's only so much money in the world.

  There isn't enough in the world for everyone to be wealthy. This couldn't be farther from the truth. Honest economists - yes, there are some - have said that there is more than enough money in the world for every single human being to live comfortably. Some people also believe that the Internet is the great leveller that will help redistribute at least some of the world's wealth, for those pioneers who participate.

  钱是赚不完的

  世界上没有足够的钱让每个人都富裕。这一点几乎是真相。诚实的经济学家(确实有那么一些)说,这世界上钱绰绰有余,可以让每个人都活得自在。有些人还相信,互联网对于那些参与其中的先驱者而言,就是一个均衡财富的工具,至少能够重新分配部分财富。

  Becoming rich is hard work.

  It can be easier than you've been told. Dr. Marsha Sinetar's book Do What You Love, The Money Will Follow is one of the best guides for an organic approach to wealth. It also does not have to be linearly dependent on your earnings. It does not mean you don't have to work hard and smart at it at first, but it doesn't have to be "hard" in the sense that it's not enjoyable. And eventually, it gets easier to build your wealth - once you've made your mistakes.

  致富艰辛

  可以比你听说的要简单。Dr.Marsha Sinetar著写的Do What You Love,The Money Will Follow就是一个实现"自体成长型富裕之道"的最佳指引。不一定要同你的收入挂钩。也并不是说你不必努力工作并精于此道,只是说你不必在体会不到乐趣的事情上卖力气。最终,财富积累变得越来越容易--一旦你犯下错误之后。

  Working hard and saving your money makes you rich.

  These are components of becoming wealthy, but not by themselves sufficient. Saving is linear; investing increases your wealth. Jesus said to "multiply talents." This has been interpreted to mean that you should multiply your wealth. Do morethan save. Start by having a small sum automatically deducted from your paycheck each pay period and deposited into a 401(K) or Roth IRA.

  努力工作积蓄收入致富

  致富有很多因素,但靠这些因素自己发挥作用是不够的。储蓄是线性的,投资才能增加财富。别只是一味储蓄。开始从你的工资卡定期自动划出一小笔资金,存入401(K)或Roth IRA(译者注:退休金帐户)。

  Earning lots of money makes you rich.

  Only if you actually save and invest it. If you spend it all, like some high-earning individuals, then you are not rich. Wealth is defined by liquid assets and investments, not how much you earn from a job. In fact, people who earn more money but have no plan for the so-called disposable income end up doing just that - disposing income. Some do it out of guilt of having "more than necessary", others because they feel they owe it to themselves to "have something nice", and still others to "keep up with the Joneses".

  赚大钱致富

  只有在你真正存下来并且用作投资。如果像某些高收入者那样挥霍一空,那就并没有致富。富不富裕是由流动资产和投资来界定的,而不是你工作收入有多少。那些挣钱较多但没有可支配收入计划的人,到头来只是在消耗收入。

  Pinching pennies is the way to wealth.

  Hardly. What this really does is set up an emotional enivronment of lack, causing you to miss out on opportunities to gain wealth because you become focused on every little penny. In fact, penny-pinching is actually one common catalyst of divorce.

  节俭致富

  几乎不可能。过于节俭只能让你陷入一种不够用的心态,让你错过获得财富的机遇,因为你的注意力都放在了每一分钱上。抠门还是造成婚姻破裂的一个常见的催化剂。

  

来源:考试大

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