第 1 篇 Passage 1
Read and interpret the following passage from Chinese into English:
1997 年 7 月 1 日，中国政府恢复对香港行使主权，香港成为中国的一个特别行政区。
第 1 篇 Passage 1
On July 1, 1997 , the Chinese government resumed sovereignty over Hong Kong . It turned Hong Kong into a special administrative region of China . In accordance with the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, Hong Kong follows the principles of "one country, two systems", or said in another way, "Hong Kong people ruling Hong Kong" with a high level of autonomy. The region's social system and lifestyle have been maintained, while the laws practiced in Hong Kong have basically remained unchanged. Hong Kong has retained its position as a free port and a separate customs territory; foreign enterprises can do business freely as before; and Chinese and English are still official languages. The area still remains an international center of finance, trade, shipping, information and tourism. It continues to enjoy a reputation as one of the most dynamic regions in Asia and the world. The metropolis is known as a shining oriental pearl. The vast hinterland of China , with its rapidly growing economy and rising international stature, will also provide Hong Kong with highly favorable conditions for further development. We are confident that, thanks to the effective administration of the SAR Government and the hard work of its 7 million residents, Hong Kong will become more prosperous and more beautiful.