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  Time –30 minutes

  38 Questions

  1. In the nineteenth century, novelists and unsympathetic

  travelers portrayed the American West as a land of

  ---- adversity, whereas promoters and idealists

  created ---- image of a land of infinite promise.

  (A) lurid.. a mundane

  (B) incredible.. an underplayed

  (C) dispiriting.. an identical

  (D) intriguing.. a luxuriant

  (E) unremitting.. a compelling

  2. Honeybees tend to be more ---- than earth bees:

  the former, unlike the latter, search for food together

  and signal their individual findings to one another.

  (A) insular

  (B) aggressive

  (C) differentiated

  (D) mobile

  (E) social

  3. Joe spoke of superfluous and ---- matters with

  exactly the same degree of intensity, as though for

  him serious issues mattered neither more nor less

  than did ----.

  (A) vital.. trivialities

  (B) redundant.. superficialities

  (C) important.. necessities

  (D) impractical.. outcomes

  (E) humdrum.. essentials

  4. The value of Davis’ sociological research is com-

  promised by his unscrupulous tendency to use

  materials---- in order to substantiate his own

  claims, while ---- information that points to other

  possible conclusions.

  (A) haphazardly.. deploying

  (B) selectively.. disregarding

  (C) cleverly.. weighing

  (D) modestly.. refuting

  (E) arbitrarily.. emphasizing

  5. Once Renaissance painters discovered how to ----

  volume and depth, they were able to replace the

  medieval convention of symbolic, two-dimensional

  space with the more ---- illusion of actual space.

  (A) reverse.. conventional

  (B) portray.. abstract

  (C) deny.. concrete

  (D) adumbrate.. fragmented

  (E) render.. realistic

  6. He had expected gratitude for his disclosure, but

  instead he encountered ---- bordering on hostility.

  (A) patience

  (B) discretion

  (C) openness

  (D) ineptitude

  (E) indifference

  7. The diplomat, selected for her demonstrated patience

  and skill in conducting such delicate negotiations,

  ---- to make a decision during the talks because any

  sudden commitment at that time would have been ----.

  (A) resolved.. detrimental

  (B) refused.. apropos

  (C) declined.. inopportune

  (D) struggled.. unconscionable

  (E) hesitated.. warranted


  (A) director: actor

  (B) sculptor: painter

  (C) choreographer: composer

  (D) virtuoso: amateur

  (E) poet: listener


  (A) silt: gravel

  (B) sky: rain

  (C) cold: ice

  (D) mine: ore

  (E) jewel: diamond


  (A) charlatan: forthright

  (B) malcontent: solicitous

  (C) misanthrope: expressive

  (D) defeatist: resigned

  (E) braggart: unassuming

  11. WALK: AMBLE::

  (A) dream: imagine

  (B) talk: chat

  (C) swim: float

  (D) look: stare

  (E) speak: whisper

  12. JAZZ: MUSIC::

  (A) act: play

  (B) variety: vaudeville

  (C) portraiture: painting

  (D) menu: restaurant

  (E) species: biology


  (A) reinstate: election

  (B) recall: impeachment

  (C) appropriate: taxation

  (D) repeal: ratification

  (E) appeal: adjudication


  (A) antibiotic: viral

  (B) vapor: opaque

  (C) salve: unctuous

  (D) anesthetic: astringent

  (E) vitamin: synthetic


  (A) amend: testimony

  (B) analyze: evidence

  (C) investigate: crime

  (D) prevaricate: confirmation

  (E) foment: discontentment


  (A) pace: quicken

  (B) cheeks: dimple

  (C) concentration: focus

  (D) hand: tremble

  (E) eye: blink

  Mary Barton, particularly in its early chapters, is a

  moving response to the suffering of the industrial worker

  in the England of the 1840’s. What is most impressive

  about the book is the intense and painstaking effort made

  (5) by the author, Elizabeth Gaskell, to convey the experi-

  ence of everyday life in working-class homes. Her method

  is partly documentary in nature: the novel includes such

  features as a carefully annotated reproduction of dialect,

  the exact details of food prices in an account of a tea

  (10)party, an itemized description of the furniture of the

  Bartons’ living room, and a transcription (again anno-

  tated) of the ballad "The Oldham Weaver." The interest

  of this record is considerable, even though the method

  has a slightly distancing effect.

  (15) As a member of the middle class, Gaskell could

  hardly help approaching working-class life as an outside

  observer and a reporter, and the reader of the novel is

  always conscious of this fact. But there is genuine imag-

  inative re-creation in her accounts of the walk in Green

  (20)Heys Fields, of tea at the Bartons’ house, and of John

  Barton and his friend’s discovery of the starving family

  in the cellar in the chapter "Poverty and Death." Indeed,

  for a similarly convincing re-creation of such families’

  emotions and responses (which are more crucial than the

  (25)material details on which the mere reporter is apt to con-

  centrate), the English novel had to wait 60 years for the

  early writing of D. H. Lawrence. If Gaskell never quite

  conveys the sense of full participation that would

  completely authenticate this aspect of Mary Barton, she

  (30)still brings to these scenes an intuitive recognition of

  feelings that has its own sufficient conviction.

  The chapter "Old Alice’s History " brilliantly drama-

  tizes the situation of that early generation of workers

  brought from the villages and the countryside to the

  (35)urban industrial centers. The account of Job Legh, the

  weaver and naturalist who is devoted to the study of

  biology, vividly embodies one kind of response to an

  urban industrial environment: an affinity for living

  things that hardens, by its very contrast with its environ-

  (40)ment,into a kind of crankiness. The early chapters―

  about factory workers walking out in spring into Green

  Heys Fields; about Alice Wilson, remembering in her

  cellar the twig- gathering for brooms in the native village

  that she will never again see; about Job Legh, intent on

  (45)his impaled insects― capture the characteristic responses

  of a generation to the new and crushing experience of

  industrialism. The other early chapters eloquently por-

  tray the development of the instinctive cooperation with

  each other that was already becoming an important

  tradition among workers.

  17.Which of the following best describes the author’s

  attitude toward Gaskell’s use of the method of

  documentary record in Mary Barton?

  (A) Uncritical enthusiasm

  (B) Unresolved ambivalence

  (C) Qualified approval

  (D) Resigned acceptance

  (E) Mild irritation

  18. According to the passage, Mary Barton and the

  early novels of D. H. Lawrence share which of the


  (A) Depiction of the feelings of working-class families

  (B) Documentary objectivity about working-class


  (C) Richly detailed description of working-class

  adjustment to urban life

  (D) Imaginatively structured plots about working-

  class characters

  (E) Experimental prose style based on working-

  class dialect

  19. Which of the following is most closely analogous to

  Job Legh in Mary Barton, as that character is

  described in the passage?

  (A) An entomologist who collected butterflies as a


  (B) A small-town attorney whose hobby is nature


  (C) A young man who leaves his family’s dairy

  farm to start his own business

  (D) A city dweller who raises exotic plants on the

  roof of his apartment building

  (E) A union organizer who works in a textile mill

  under dangerous conditions

  20. It can be inferred from examples given in the last

  paragraph of the passage that which of the following

  was part of "the new and crushing experience of

  industrialism" (lines 46-47) for many members of

  the English working class in the nineteenth century?

  (A) Extortionate food prices

  (B) Geographical displacement

  (C) Hazardous working conditions

  (D) Alienation from fellow workers

  (E) Dissolution of family ties

  21. It can be inferred that the author of the passage

  believes that Mary Barton might have been an

  even better novel if Gaskell had

  (A) concentrated on the emotions of a single


  (B) made no attempt to re-create experiences of

  which she had no firsthand knowledge

  (C) made no attempt to reproduce working-class


  (D) grown up in an industrial city

  (E) managed to transcend her position as an outsider

  22. Which of the following phrases could best be

  substituted for the phrase "this aspect of Mary

  Barton" in line 29 without changing the meaning

  of the passage as a whole?

  (A) the material details in an urban working-class


  (B) the influence of Mary Barton on lawrence’s

  early work

  (C) the place of Mary Barton in the development

  of the English novel

  (D) the extent of the poverty and physical

  suffering among England’s industrial

  workers in the 1840’s.

  (E) the portrayal of the particular feelings and

  responses of working-class characters

  23. The author of the passage describes Mary Barton

  as each of the following EXCEPT

  (A) insightful

  (B) meticulous

  (C) vivid

  (D) poignant

  (E) lyrical

  As of the late 1980’s. neither theorists nor large-

  scale computer climate models could accurately predict

  whether cloud systems would help or hurt a warming

  globe. Some studies suggested that a four percent

  (5)increase in stratocumulus clouds over the ocean could

  compensate for a doubling in atmospheric carbon diox-

  ide, preventing a potentially disastrous planetwide temp-

  erature increase. On the other hand, an increase in cirrus

  clouds could increase global warming.

  (10) That clouds represented the weakest element in cli-

  mate models was illustrated by a study of fourteen such

  models. Comparing climate forecasts for a world with

  double the current amount of carbon dioxide, researchers

  found that the models agreed quite well if clouds were

  (15)not included. But when clouds were incorporated, a wide

  range of forecasts was produced. With such discrepancies

  plaguing the models, scientists could not easily predict

  how quickly the world’s climate would change, nor could

  they tell which regions would face dustier droughts or

  deadlier monsoons.

  24.The author of the passage is primarily concerned


  (A) confirming a theory

  (B) supporting a statement

  (C) presenting new information

  (D) predicting future discoveries

  (E) reconciling discrepant findings

  25. It can be inferred that one reason the fourteen models

  described in the passage failed to agree was that

  (A) they failed to incorporate the most up-to-date

  information about the effect of clouds on


  (B) they were based on faulty information about

  factors other than clouds that affect climate.

  (C) they were based on different assumptions about

  the overall effects of clouds on climate

  (D) their originators disagreed about the kinds of

  forecasts the models should provide

  (E) their originators disagreed about the factors

  other than clouds that should be included in

  the models

  26. It can be inferred that the primary purpose of the

  models included in the study discussed in the second

  paragraph of the passage was to

  (A) predict future changes in the world’s climate

  (B) predict the effects of cloud systems on the

  world’s climate

  (C) find a way to prevent a disastrous planetwide

  temperature increase

  (D) assess the percentage of the Earth’s surface

  covered by cloud systems

  (E) estimate by how much the amount of carbon

  dioxide in the Earth’s atmosphere will


  27. The information in the passage suggests that sci-

  entists would have to answer which of the following

  questions in order to predict the effect of clouds on

  the warming of the globe?

  (A) What kinds of cloud systems will form over the


  (B) How can cloud systems be encouraged to form

  over the ocean?

  (C) What are the causes of the projected planetwide

  temperature increase?

  (D) What proportion of cloud systems are currently

  composed of cirrus of clouds?

  (E) What proportion of the clouds in the atmosphere

  form over land masses?

  28. SUSPEND:

  (A) force

  (B) split

  (C) tilt

  (D) slide down

  (E) let fall


  (A) originality

  (B) skepticism

  (C) diligence

  (D) animation

  (E) stoicism

  30. MILD:

  (A) toxic

  (B) uniform

  (C) maximal

  (D) asymptomatic

  (E) acute


  (A) distort

  (B) foil

  (C) overlook

  (D) aggravate

  (E) misinterpret


  (A) trustworthiness

  (B) assertiveness

  (C) lack of preparation

  (D) resistance to change

  (E) willingness to blame


  (A) symmetrical

  (B) variegated

  (C) discordant

  (D) straightforward

  (E) unblemished


  (A) confusion

  (B) deprivation

  (C) obstruction

  (D) aversion

  (E) hardship


  (A) treat fairly

  (B) request hesitantly

  (C) take back

  (D) cut short

  (E) make accurate


  (A) plucky

  (B) meek

  (C) chaste

  (D) cowardly

  (E) ardent

  37. HALE:

  (A) unenthusiastic

  (B) staid

  (C) odious

  (D) infirm

  (E) uncharacteristic

  38. SEMINAL:

  (A) derivative

  (B) substantiated

  (C) reductive

  (D) ambiguous

  (E) extremist


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