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全国英语等级考试(PETS)三级全真模拟试题二

LEARNING.SOHU.COM    2005年9月7日19:06    来源:[ 搜狐教育社区 ] 
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  1.严格遵守考场规则,考生得到监考人员指令后方可开始答题。

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  4.答写作题时,必须用铅笔或圆珠笔在主观题答题卡上答题。

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  6.考试结束时将试卷和答题卡放在桌上。不得带走。待监考人员收毕清点后,方可离场。

  本试卷任何单位或个人不得保留、复制和出版,违者必究。

  Section I Listening Comprehension

  (25 minutes)

  Directions:

  This section is designed to test your ability to understand spoken English. You will hear a selection of recorded materials and you must answer the questions that accompany them. There are two parts in this section, Part A and Part B.

  Remember, while you are doing the test, you should first put down your answers in your test booklet. At the end of the listening comprehension section, you will have 3 minutes to transfer your answers from your test booklet onto your ANSWER SHEET I.

  If you have any questions, you may raise your hand NOW as you will not be allowed to speak once the test has started.

  Now look at Part A in your test booklet.

  Part A

  You will hear 10 short dialogues. For each dialogue, there is one question and four possible answers. Choose the correct answer-A, B, C or D, and mark it in your test booklet. You will have 15seconds to answer the question and you will hear each dialogue ONLY ONCE.

  Example:

  You will hear:

  W: Could you please tell me if the Beijing flight will be arriving on time?

  M:Yes, Madam. It should be arriving in about ten minutes.

  You will read:

  Who do you think the woman is talking to?

  [A] A bus conductor.

  [B]A clerk at the airport.

  [ C] A taxi driver.

  [D]A clerk at the station.

  From the dialogue, we know that only a clerk at the airport is most likely to know

  the arrival time of a flight, so you should choose answer [ B ] and mark it in your test

  booklet.

  Sample Answer: [A] [B] [C] [D]

  Now look at question 1.

  1. What does the woman mean?

  [A] She invites the man to a pot luck next weekend.

  [ B ] She asks the man to help her with the gardening.

  [ C ] She is not free today.

  [D] She agrees to meet the man next Saturday.

  2. What will the man do?

  [A] Join his friends. [B] Play a card game.

  [C] Catch up with others. [D] Do more studying.

  3. Where did this conversation most probably take place?

  [A] At the bookstore. [B] At a department store.

  [C] At a club. [D] At a school.

  4. How much will the man pay for two tickets?

  [A] $8. [B] $24.

  [C] $18. [D] $36.

  5. What do they decide to do?

  [ A ] The man will bring some food back for dinner.

  [ B ] They will go to their friend ' s home for supper.

  [ C ] The woman will fill the refrigerator before supper.

  [ D ] They will eat out for dinner.

  6. How does the woman feel at the end of the conversation?

  [A] Angry. [B] Relieved.

  [C] Upset. [D] Sarcastic.

  7. What is the man going to do this morning?

  [A] Paint the bookshelf. [B] Fix the table.

  [C] Wash the car. [D] Go to the beach.

  8. How many students were absent from the test?

  [A] 15. [B] 20.

  [C] 25. [D] 30.

  9. What do we learn from the conversation?

  [A] The man needs three weeks to do something before leaving for Europe.

  [B] Something prevents the man from going to Europe.

  [ C] The woman is leaving for Europe in just three weeks.

  [D] The man is excited about his trip to Europe.

  10. What do we learn from this conversation?

  [A] The man is giving a party.

  [B] The woman is staying at home.

  [ C] The man is going to lower the music volume. .

  [ D] The woman is invited to join the man.

  Part B

  You are going to hear four conversations. Before listening to each conversation, you will have 5 seconds to read each of the questions which accompany it. After listening, you will have time to answer each question by choosing A, B, C or D. You will hear each passage or conversation ONLY ONCE.

  Mark your answers in your test booklet.

  Questions 11-13 are based on the following conversation. You now have 15 seconds to read the Questions11 -13.

  11. What is an active holiday according to the man?

  [A] Sitting around.

  [ B] With joys of social activities.

  [ C ] Doing nothing.

  [ D ] Holiday with a lot of exercise.

  12. Which of the following belongs to the man's preferences?

  [ A ] Water skiing. [ B ] Shark fishing.

  [C] Rowing. [D] Camping.

  13. Which of the following doesn' t belong to the woman' s suggestions?

  [ A ] Skin diving. [ B ] Golfing.

  [G] Rowing. [D] Canoeing.

  You now have 30 seconds to check your answers to questions 11 -13.

  Questions 14-17 are based on the following conversation. You now have 20 seconds to read the questions 14 -17.

  14. Why does the woman want to go to the movie?

  [Aj Because she is tired of staying at home all day.

  [ B ] Because there is a good film in the neighborhood theater.

  [C] Because she enjoys going to the movies.

  [ D] Because she is tired of watching TV.

  15. What does "I'd rather not spend a lot of money" imply?

  [A] She prefers to spend money on something else.

  [B] Tickets in downtown theaters are very expensive.

  [C] People cannot help buying things if they go downtown.

  [D] It would take a long drive to get there.

  16. Why does the woman say she doesn't want to see the movie Gone with the Wind ?

  [A] Because the movie theater is too far away.

  [B] Because the film is too old.

  [C] Because she doesn't want to see it a second time.

  [D] Because it's a popular film so the tickets would be quite expensive.

  17. What may you infer from the dialogue?

  [A] People are tired of watching TV nowadays.

  [B] Baseball games attract more people than films do.

  [ C ] There aren ' t any films worth seeing in local theaters.

  [D] The woman is rather hard to please.

  You now have 40 seconds to check your answers to questions 14 -17.

  Questions 18-21 are based on the following passage. You now have 20 seconds to read the questions 18 -21.

  18. Which floor is the most dangerous if a cat falls from it?

  [A] The 7th floor. [ B] The 32nd floor.

  [C] The 4th floor. [D] The 20th floor.

  19. How many cats can survive a fall from two or three storeys?

  [A] 100%. [B] 50%.

  [C] 90%. [D] 10%.

  20. What do cats probably do after they have reached the terminal speed?

  [A] They feel extremely terror-stricken.

  [B] They become relieved from strain.

  [C] They fly like flying squirrels.

  [D] They try to hold on to something.

  21. What makes cats land on their feet?

  [A] Fear of death. [B] The terminal speed.

  [C] The light weight of cats. [D]A sense of balance.

  You now have 40 seconds to check your answers to questions 18 -21.

  Questions 22 - 25 are based on the following conversation. You now have 20 seconds to read the questions 22 -25.

  22. What does the International Center send out to students?

  [A]A diagram of their facilities.

  [ B] A timetable of events.

  [ C] Maps of the city.

  [ D ] Samples of coffee from other countries.

  23. How does the man feel about the local customs?

  [A] Fearful. [B] Angry.

  [C] Disinterested. [D] Confused.

  24. What does the woman say about her family?

  [A] They live far away.

  [B] They frequently invite students to their home.

  [C] They come from another country.

  [D] They visit her every weekend.

  25. When does the International Center close on week nights?

  [A] 11:30. [B] 10:30.

  [C] 8:00. [D] 8:30.

  You now have 40 seconds to check your answers to questions 22 - 25.

  Now you have 3 minutes to transfer your answers from your test booklet to the ANSWER SHEET 1.

  That is the end of the listening comprehension section.

  Section Ⅱ Use of English

  (15 minutes)

  Directions:

  Read the following text. Choose the best word or phrase for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C, or Don your ANSWER SHEET 1.

  Text

  What do we mean by a perfect English pronunciation? In one 26 there are as many different kinds of English as there are speakers of it. 27 two speakers speak in exactly the same 28 We can always hear differences 29 them, and the pronunciation of English 30 a great deal in different geographical 31 . How do we decide what sort of English to use as a 32 ? This is not a question that can be 33 in the same way for all foreign learners of English. 34 you live in a part of the world 35 India or West Africa, where there is a long 36 of speaking English for general communication purposes, you should 37 to acquire a good variety of the pronunciation of this area. It would be a 38 in these circumstances to use as a model BBC English or 39 of the sort. On the other hand, if you live in a country 40 there is no traditional use of English, you must take 41 your model some form of 42 English pronunciation. It does not 43 very much which form you choose. The most 44 way is to take as your model the sort of English you can 45 most often.

  26. [A] meaning [B] sense [C] case [D] situation

  27. [A] Not [B] No [C] None [D] Nor

  28. [A] type [B] form [C] sort [DJ way

  29.[A} between [B] among [C] of [D] from

  30. [A] changes [B] varies [C] shifts [D] alters

  31. [A] areas [ B ] parts [ C ] countries [ D ] spaces

  32. [A] direction [B] guide [C] symbol [D] model

  33. [A] given [B] responded [C] satisfied [D] answered

  34. [A] Because [B]When [C]lf [D] Whether

  35. [A] as [B]in [C]like [D] near

  36. [A] custom [B] use [C] tradition [D] habit

  37. [A] aim [B) propose [C] select [D] tend

  38. [A] fashion [B] mistake [C] nonsense [D] possibility

  39. [A] everything [B] nothing [C] anything [D] things

  40. [A] where [B] that [C] which [D] wherever

  41. [A] to [B] with [C] on [D] as

  42. [A] practical [B] domestic [C] native [D] new

  43. [A] care [B] affect [C] trouble [D] matter

  44. [A] effective [B] sensitive [C] ordinary [D] careful

  45. [A] listen [B] hear [C] notice [D] find

  Section 11 Reading Comprehension

  (40 minutes)

  Part A

  Directions:

  Read the following three texts. Answer the questions on each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET by drawing a thick line across the corresponding letter in the brackets.

  Text I

  If you want to stay young, sit down and have a good think. This is the research finding of a team of Japanese doctors, who say that most of our brains are not getting enough exercise-and as a result, we are ageing unnecessarily soon.

  Professor Taiju Matsuzawa wanted to find out why otherwise healthy farmers in northern Japan appeared to be losing their ability to think and reason at a relatively early age, and how the process of ageing could be slowed down.

  With a team of colleagues at Tokyo National University, he set about measuring brain volumes of a thousand people of different ages and varying occupations.

  Computer technology enabled the researchers to obtain precise measurements of the volume of the front and side sections of the brain, which relate to intellect (智能 ) and emotion, and deter-mine the human character. ( The rear section of the brain, which controls functions like eating and breathing, does not contract with age, and one can continue living without intellectual or emotional faculties (功能).

  Contraction of front and side parts-as cells die off-was observed in some subjects in their thirties, but it was still not evident in some sixty-and-seventy-year-olds.

  Matsuzawa concluded from his tests that there is a simple remedy to the contraction normally associated with age-using the head.

  The findings show in general terms that contraction of the brain begins sooner in people in the country than in the towns. Those least at risk, says Matsuzawa, are lawyers, followed by university professors and doctors. White collar workers doing routine work in government offices are, however, as likely to have shrinking brains as the farm worker, bus driver and shop assistant.

  Matsuzawa's findings show that thinking can prevent the brain from shrinking. Blood must circulate properly in the head to supply the fresh oxygen the brain cells need. "The best way to maintain good blood circulation is through using the brain, " he says. "Think hard and engage in conversation. Don ' t rely on pocket calculators. "

  46. The team of doctors wanted to find out _________.

  [ A ] why certain people age sooner than others

  [ B ] how to make people live longer

  [ C ] the size of certain people ' s brains

  [ D ] which people are most intelligent

  47. On what are their research findings based?

  [A] A survey of farmers in northern Japan.

  [ B ] Tests performed on a thousand old people.

  [ C ] The study of brain volumes of different people.

  [ D] The latest development of computer technology.

  48. The doctor ' s tests show that _________.

  [ A ] our brains shrink as we grow older

  [B] the front section of the brain does not shrink

  [ C ] sixty-year-olds have better brains than thirty-year-olds

  [ D ] some people ' s brains have contracted more than other people ' s

  49. The word "subjects" in paragraph 5 means_________.

  [ A ] something to be considered

  [ B ] branches of knowledge studied

  [ C ] persons chosen to be studied in an experiment

  [ D ] any member of a state except the supreme ruler

  50. According to the passage, which people seem to age slower than the others?

  [A] Lawyers. [B] Farmers.

  [C] Clerks. [D] Shop assistants.

  Text 2

  Television has changed the lifestyle of people in every industrialized country in the world. In the United States, where sociologists have studied the effects, some interesting observations have been made.

  Television, although not essential, has become an important part of most people' s lives. It alters people' s ways of seeing the world; in many ways, it supports arid sustains (维持) modern life.

  Television has become a baby-sitter, an introducer of conversations, the major transmitter of culture, a keeper of tradition. Yet when what can be seen on TV in one day is critically analyzed, it becomes evident that television is not a teacher but a sustainer; the poor quality of programming does not elevate (提高 ) people into greater understanding, but rather maintains and encourages the life as it exists.

  The primary reason for the lack of quality in American television is related to both the history of TV programming development and the economics of TV. Television in America began with the radio. Radio companies and their sponsors first experimented with television. Therefore, the close relationship which the advertisers had with radio programs became the system for American TV. Sponsors not only paid money for time within programs, but many actually produced the programs. Thus, in American society, television is primarily concerned with reflecting and attracting society rather than experimenting with new ideas. Advertisers want to attract the largest viewing audience possible. To do so requires that the programs be entertaining rather than educational, attractive rather than challenging.

  Television in America today remains, to a large extent, with the same organization and standards as it had thirty years ago. The hope for further development and true achievement toward improving society will require a change in the entire system.

  51. According to the author American television is poor in quality because _________.

  [ A ] advertisers are interested in experimenting with new ideas

  [ B] it is still at an early stage of development, compared with the radio

  [ C ] the programs have to be developed in the interests of the sponsors for economic reasons

  [ D] it is controlled by radio companies

  52. The second paragraph is mainly about_________.

  [ A ] TV as the sustainer of American life

  [ B ] TV as the major transmitter of culture

  [ C ] the educational effect of TV on society

  [ D ] the strong influence and the poor quality of American TV

  53. In the author' s view American TV should _________.

  [A] be critical but entertaining

  [ B] be creative and educational

  [ C ] change with the development of society

  [ D ] attract as many viewers as possible

  54. The author believes that television in the United States has become important to most people because _________.

  [A] it promotes family unity

  [ B] it helps them develop their speaking ability

  [ C] it attracts their life in many ways

  [ D] it challenges society

  55. The author ' s attitude towards American television is _________.

  [ A ] critical [ B ] praising

  [ C ] doubtful [ D ] sympathetic

  Text 3

  The aim of the teacher is to get his pupils as quickly as possible over the period in which each printed symbol is looked at for its shape, and arrive at the stage when the pupil looks at words a phrases, for their meaning, almost without noticing the shapes of these separate letters.

  When a good reader is at work, he does not look at letters, nor even at words, one by or however quickly; he takes in the meaning of two, three, or four words at a time, in a single moment. Watch carefully the eyes of a person who is reading, and it will be seen that they do not travel smoothly along the lines of print, but they move by jumps separated by very short stops. The eyes a very good reader move quickly, taking long jumps and making very short halts (停顿 ); the eyes of a poor reader move more slowly, taking only short jumps and stopping longer at each halt. Some times, when he meets a difficulty, he even goes backwards to see again what has already be looked at once.

  The teacher ' 9 task is therefore clear: it is to train his pupils to take in several words at a glance (one "eye jump") and remove the necessity forgoing backwards to read something a second time.

  This shows at once that letter-by-letter, or syllable-by-syllable (音节) , or word-by-word reading, with the finger pointing to the word, carefully fixing each one in turn, is wrong. It is wrong because such a method ties the pupil' s eye down to a very short jump. Moreover, a very. short jump too short to provide any meaning or sense; and it will be found that having struggled with three four words separately, the pupil has to look at them again, all together and in one group, in order get the meaning of the whole phrase.

  56. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the first paragraph?

  [ A ] Pupils should be trained to reach quickly the stage of reading without having to

  concentrate on the separate symbols.

  [B] Pupils should look at each printed symbol for its meaning as well as for its shape.

  [ C ] Teachers should help their pupils avoid looking at the shape of the printed symbols.

  [D] Teachers should tell their pupils the different stages of their study.

  57. In a single moment, a good reader picks up_________.

  [ A ] several words [ B ] several phrases

  [ C ] several sentences [ D ] several lines

  58. According to the passage, which of the following is FALSE?

  [A] The eyes of a good reader make short halts and long jumps.

  [ B] The eyes of a bad reader take in the meaning of one word at a time.

  [ C] The eyes of a bad reader take only short jumps.

  [D] The eyes of a good reader move steadily.

  59. One may have to read something a second time if_________.

  [ A ] there is enough time [ B ] one reads too fast

  [ C ] the passage is very long [D] one reads word by word

  60. The main idea of the last paragraph is that _________.

  [A] word-by-word reading is highly inefficient

  [ B ] the pupil ' s eyes should focus on groups of syllables instead of single syllables

  [ C ] pupils have to move their eyes back and forth when reading

  [D] finger-pointing in reading helps the pupil concentrate on meaning

  Part B

  Directions:

  Read the following article in which five people talk about their ideas of marriage. For questions 61 to 65 , match name of each speaker to one of the statements (A to G) given below. Mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.

  Lisa

  Sometimes I think that successful marriages are an endangered societal species. It seems as though every time I turn around, another couple I know is getting divorced. It' s a shame because marriage is very important. I believe that if people put more effort into making their marriages work, there would be fewer divorces. Marriage takes certain qualities to make it a success, such as responsibility and a sense of humor. If partners all understand this, more happy marriages will be maintained.

  Wendy

  One thing I think that is important to successful marriage is that you should not always think of yourself. My husband and I have stayed happily for about ten years. He makes me want to do things for him because of his generous nature. I know there are many times he would rather be reading, relaxing , or working on the car, but he only does something for himself when all the household chores are done and the kids have been taken care of. In return, I bake him all his favorite home-made cakes and cookies and try to go out of my way to do special things for him. I feel very fortunate to have married him.

  Catherine

  My husband is my best friend, with whom I share most of my thought. We find it easy to talk about most things, so we don ' t have many secrets from each other. When my mother makes him upset , he tells me about it. Things like that are easier to deal with when they ' re out in the open than when they're kept inside. Thus, we have a very open, comfortable relationship.

  Arlene

  I feel sorry for what my divorced friends have lost. No matter how earnestly the former spouses try to "keep in touch", no matter how generous the visiting privileges for the parent who does not win custody of the children, the continuity of their lives has been broken. The years they spent together have been cut off from the rest of their lives; they are an isolated memory, no more integral to their past than a snapshot.

  Kelicr

  The very first trick to a happy marriage is to be a person of yourself who does not imagine a husband is necessary to make you magically complete. Successful partnerships are not between those who cannot live without each other, but between those who can live with each other. There is no room even in daydreams for the stupid idea that there is on earth only one mate intended for another.

  Now match each of the persons to the appropriate statement.

  Note: there are two extra statements.

  Statements

  61. Lisa [A] Being unselfish is very important to make a marriage work.

  62. Wendy [B] Becoming a person of independence and pride leads to

  successful marriage.

  [C] Being able to communicate makes our marriage happy.

  63. Catherine

  [D] Divorced people will live an incomplete life.

  [E] Marriage is the result of extended love.

  [F] Divorce results from a lack of responsibility.

  65. Keller [G] Divorces can be avoided.

  Section IV Writing

  (40 minutes)

  You should write your responses to both parts on ANSWER SHEET 2.

  Part A

  66. You are to write a composition of about 150 words about Family Life in China. In the composition you should write about:

  1 ) difference between family life in China and family life abroad;

  2 ) pride of Chinese families on their hospitalities;

  3 ) unification of Chinese families.

  Part B

  67. The two charts below show the proportion of family income that is spent of four major aspects of family life in the two countries. What do the graphs tell you about lifestyles in the two countries?

  What differences in lifestyle might you find between the two countries?

  
Housing42% Education5% Leisure 5% Food 45% Other 3%
Country B Average Yearly Income =$40,000
Housing 30% Education 15% Leisure 15% Food 28% Other 12%



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