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全国英语等级考试(PETS)三级全真模拟试题一

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  Public English Test System (PETS) Level3

  姓名 准考证号_________________

  考生注意事项

  1.严格遵守考场规则。考生得到监考人员指令后方可开始答题。

  2答题前考生须将自己的姓名和准考证号写在试卷和答题卡上。

  3.一律用2B铅笔涂写,按照答题卡上的要求答题。如要改动答案,必须用橡皮擦干净。

  4.答写作题时,必须用铅笔或圆珠笔在主观题答题卡上答题。

  5.注意字迹清楚,保持卷面整洁。

  6.考试结束时将试卷和答题卡放在桌上。不得带走。待监考人员收毕清点后,方可离场。

  本试卷任何单位或个人不得保留、复制和出版,违者必究。

  Section I Listening Comprehension

  (25 minutes)

  Directions:

  This .section is designed to test your ability to understand spoken English. You will hear a selection of recorded materials and you must answer the questions that accompany them. There are two parts in this section, Part A and Part B.

  Remember, while you are doing the test, you should first put down your answers in your test booklet. At the end of the listening comprehension section, you will have 3 minutes to transfer your answers from your test booklet onto your ANSWER SHEET 1.

  If you have any questions, you may raise your hand NOW as you will not be allowed to speak once the test has started.

  Now look at Part A in your test booklet.

  Part A

  You will hear 10 short dialogues. For each dialogue, there is one question and four possible answers. Choose the correct answer-A, B, C or D, and mark it in your test booklet. You will have 15seconds to answer the question and you will hear each dialogue ONLY ONCE.

  Example:

  You will hear:

  W: Could you please tell me if the Beijing flight will be arriving on time?

  M:Yes, Madam. It should be arriving in about ten minutes.

  You will read:

  Who do you think the woman is talking to?

  [A] A bus conductor.

  [ B] A clerk at the airport.

  [ C] A taxi driver.

  [D] A clerk at the station.

  From the dialogue, we know that only a clerk at the airport is most likely to know

  the arrival time of a flight, so you should choose answer [ B ] and mark it in your test

  booklet.

  Sample Answer: [ A ] [B] [C] [D]

  Now look at question 1.

  1. What do the girls have in common?

  [A] Both of them are going to Zimbabwe.

  [ B ] They are both from Africa.

  [ C ] They are of the same age.

  [D] They are interested in African art.

  2. What do we learn from this conversation?

  [A] Mr. Smith is the new manager. [B] The manager is a man.

  [C] The former manager has left. [D] The manager is not here.

  3. What does the woman want to know?

  [A] Where to board the plane. [B] Where to find a telephone.

  [C] The flight number. [D] The departure time.

  4. What does the woman mean?

  [A] She doesn’ t want to ask Mr. Jackson herself.

  [ B ] She doesn ’ t want to work for Mr. Jackson.

  [ C ] Mr. Jackson may have broken the tape recorder.

  [D] Mr. Jackson might fix the tape recorder.

  5. What does the woman mean?

  [ A] They don’t have to go to the concert. [ B] His brother should let them use the car.

  [ C ] The subway is fine with her. [D] A car wouldn ’ t be any faster.

  6. Why is the man tired?

  [A] His job is difficult. [B] His job isn’t interesting.

  [C] He doesn’t know how to do his job. [D] He doesn’t sleep well at night.

  7. What do we learn from this conversation?

  [A] The woman will probably go to Canada for her vacation.

  [ B] The woman will probably wait until summer to go to Mexico.

  [ C] The woman will probably not go to Canada for her winter vacation.

  [ D] The woman will probably stay home during her vacation.

  8. What does the woman mean?

  [A] The man needs to continue walking.

  [ B ] The man needs to go straight back for two blocks.

  [ C ] He has already passed the building.

  [ D] The building is to his right.

  9. What was Peter doing at the hospital?

  [A] Something is wrong with his baby. [B] His wife just had a new baby.

  [C] He went to see a doctor. [D] He was seeing his sister.

  10. What does the man mean?

  [A] He is not free after dinner. [ B] He can go to the concert if he has time.

  [ C ] They can not go to concert together. [ D ] He will go to the concert.

  Part B

  You are going to hear four conversations. Before listening to each conversation, you will have 5seconds to read each of the questions which accompany it. After listening, you will have time to answer each question by choosing A, B, C or D. You will hear each passage or conversation ONLY ONCE.Mark your answers in your test booklet.

  Questions 11-14 are based on the following conversation. You now have 20 seconds to read the questions II -14.

  11. When did the conversation take place?

  [A] Before summer vacation. [B] During summer vacation.

  [C] After summer vacation. [D] In class.

  12. Who are the two speakers?

  [A] Brother and sister. [B] Unemployed young man and woman.

  [C] College students. [D] High school kids.

  13. What kind of jobs does the man prefer?

  [A] Camp jobs. [B] A job at a hotel.

  [C] A job in the open air. [ D ] Cutting grass.

  14. What do we learn from this conversation?

  [A] Camp jobs are very attractive.

  [ B ] Customers at hotels usually give tips to waiters.

  [ C ] High school kids usually help their parents cutting grass.

  [D] The man wants a job outside because machines do all the work.

  You now have 40 seconds to check your answers to questions 11 - 14.

  Questions 15-18 are based on the following conversation. You now have 20 seconds to read the questions 15 -18.

  15. Where does this conversation take place?

  [A] In Detroit. [B] At the railroad station.

  [C] At the bus station. [D] At Cleveland airport.

  16. Why does the traveler want to take a bus?

  [A] The bus tickets are cheaper than the train tickets.

  [ B ] The bus trip is comfortable because it is air-conditioned.

  [C] Bus stops at several cities along the way.

  [D] The traveler wants to experience another way of traveling.

  17. Why are the bus tickets much cheaper than the train tickets?

  [A] The bus trip takes longer time.

  [B] The bus stops at several cities.

  [C] Few people enjoy bus trip.

  [D] There is no rest room in the bus.

  18. Why couldn’ t the passenger use the train ticket to pay for the bus ticket?

  [A] The train ticket costs more than the bus ticket.

  [B] The train station belongs to another company.

  [ C] Her uncle and aunt don ’ t agree with him to do so.

  [ D] She doesn’ t want to pay extra money to the bus station.

  You now have 40 seconds to check your answers to questions 15 -18.

  Questions 19-22 are based on the following news report. You now have 20 seconds to read the questions 19 -22.

  19. Why did the students clean the cars?

  [ A ] They wanted to help the cleaner ’ s daughter.

  [B] They wanted to earn some pocket money.

  [C] They needed money for their classmate’ s medical expenses.

  [D] They wanted to help a hospital.

  20. What was the biggest problem the cleaner’ s daughter faced?

  [A] She had a serious heart disease.

  [B] She would not clean the cars herself.

  [C] Her father was ill and she had no family in Hong Kong.

  [D] Her school friends were too poor to help her.

  21. Whom did they also turn to for the funeral expenses?

  [A] The girl’s relatives. [B] The car owners.

  [C] Their parents. [D] Residents of the building.

  22. What did the girl want to do?

  [A] To live with her relatives. [B] To be independent.

  [ C] To become a doctor. [ D] To stay with one of her classmates.

  You now have 40 seconds to check your answers to questions 19 -22.

  Questions 23 -25 are based on the following conversation. You now have 15 seconds to read the questions 23 -25.

  23. What does the man want to do?

  [A] Play basketball with friends from work.

  [ B] Try out for the company basketball team.

  [ C ] Get in shape and compete in a cycling race.

  [ D ] Become a star player.

  24. What is the woman’ s main concern?

  [A] She is worried her husband will spend too much time away from home.

  [ B ] She is afraid her husband will become a fitness freak.

  [ C ] She is concerned about her husband ’ s health.

  [D] She is afraid her husband will become a laughingstock.

  25. What does the woman advise about the man’s diet?

  [A] He should consume less salt.

  [ B] He should eat less fatty foods.

  [ C ] He should add more protein products to his diet.

  [D] He should avoid eating sweet things.

  You now have 30 seconds to check your answers to questions 23 -25.

  Now you have 3 minutes to transfer your answers from your test booklet to the ANSWER SHEET I.

  That is the end of the listening comprehension section.

  Section Ⅱ Use of English (15 minutes)

  Directions:

  Read the following text. Choose the best word or phrase for each numbered blank and mark A, B,C, or Don your ANSWER SHEET 1.

  Text

  Geography is the study of the relationship between people and the land. Geographers (地理学家) compare and contrast 26 places on the earth. But they also 27 beyond the individual places and consider the earth as a 28 . The word geography 29 from two Greek words: ge,the Greek word for "earth" and graphein, 30 . means "to write". The English word geography means "to describe the earth". 31 geography books focus on a small area 32 a town or city. Others deal with a state, a region, a nation, or an 33 continent. Many geography books deal with the whole earth. Another 34 to divide the study of 35 is to distinguish betweenphysical geography and cultural geography. The former focuses on the natural world; the 36 starts with human beings and 37 how human beings and their environment act 38 each other. But when geography is considered as a single subject, 39 branch can neglect the other.

  A geographer might be described 40 one who observes, records, and explains the 41 between places. If all places 42 alike, there would be little need for geographers.

  We know, however, 43 no two places are exactly the same. Geography, 44 , is a

  point of view, a special way of 45 at places.

  26. [A] similar [B] various [C] distant [D] famous

  27. [A] pass [B] go [C] reach [D] set

  28. [A] whole [B] unit [C] part [D] total

  29. [A] falls [B] removes [C] results [D] comes

  30. [A] what [B] that [C] which [D] it

  31. [A] Some [B]Many [C]Most [D]Few

  32. [A] outside [B] except [C]as [D]like

  33. [A] extensive [B] entire [C] overall [D] enormous

  34. [A] way [B] means [C] habit [D] technique

  35. [A] world [B] earth [C] geography [D] globe

  36. [A] second [ B] later [C] next [D] latter

  37. [A] learns [ B ] studies [ C ] realizes [ D ] understands

  38. [A] upon [B] for [C]as [D] to

  39. [A] neither [B] either [C] one [D] each

  40. [A] for . [B]to [C]as [D]by

  41. [A] exceptions [B] sameness [C] differences [D] divisions

  42. [A] being [B] are [C] be [D] were

  43. [A] although [B] whether [C] since [D] that

  44. [A] still [B] then [C] nevertheless [D] moreover

  45. [A] working [ B ] looking [ C ] arriving [ D ] getting

  Section Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)

  Part A

  Directions:

  Read the following three texts. Answer the questions on each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark four answers on the ANSWER SHEET by drawing a thick line across the corresponding letter in the brackets.

  Text I

  No one knows exactly how many disabled (残废的) people there are in the world, but estimates suggest the figure is over 450 million. The number of disabled people in India alone is probably more than double the total population of Canada.

  In the United Kingdom, about one in ten people have some disability. Disability is not just something that happens to other people. As we get older, many of us will become less mobile ( 可动的) , hard of hearing or have failing eyesight.

  Disablement can take many forms and occur at any time of life. Some people are born with disabilities. Many others become disabled as they get older. There are many progressive disabling diseases. The longer time goes on, the worse they become. Some people are disabled in accidents. Many others may have a period of disability in the form of a mental illness. All are affected by people ’ s attitude towards them.

  Disabled people face many physical barriers. Next time you go shopping or to work or visit

  friends, imagine how you would manage if you could not get up steps, or on to buses and trains. How would you cope if you could not see where you were going or could not hear the traffic? But there are other barriers: prejudice can be even harder to break down and ignorance inevitably represents by far the greatest barrier of all. It is almost impossible for the able-bodied to fully appreciate what the severely disabled go through, so it is important to draw attention to these barriers and show that it is the individual person and their ability, not their disability, which counts.

  46. The first paragraph points out that _________.

  { A J it is possible to get an exact figure of the world ’ s disabled people

  [ B ] there are many disabled people in the world

  [ C ] the number of disabled people in India is the greatest

  [ D ] India has not much more disabled people than Canada

  47. The key word in Paragraph 4 is _________.

  [ A ] barriers [ B ] ignorance

  [C] disability [D] prejudice

  48. The last word of the passage "counts" most probably means _________.

  [A] "is most important" [B] "is included"

  [C] "is considered" [D] "is numbered"

  49. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?

  [A] There are about 10 percent disabled persons in the UK.

  [ B ] The whole society should pay due attention to the barriers faced by the disabled people.

  [ C ] Even the able-bodied may lose some of their body functions when they get older.

  [D] There still exists prejudice against the disabled which results mainly from ignorance.

  50. It can be concluded from the passage that _____ __.

  [A] we should try our best to prevent disablement

  [ B] we must take a proper attitude towards the disabled

  [C] the able-bodied people will never fully understand the disabled

  [D] both physical and mental barriers are hard to break down --

  Text 2

  A small piece of fish each day may keep the heart doctor away. That’ s the finding of an extensive study of Dutch men in which deaths from heart disease were more than 50 percent lower among those who consumed at least an ounce of salt water fish per day than those who never ate fish.

  The Dutch research is one of three human studies that give strong scientific backing to the longheld belief that eating fish can provide health benefits, particularly to the heart.

  Heart disease is the nuinber-one killer in the United States, with more than 550,000 deaths oc- curring from heart attacks each year. But researchers previously have noticed that the incidence ( 发生率) of heart disease is lower in cultures that consume more fish than Americans do. There are fewer heart disease deaths, for example, among the Eskimos of Greenland, who consume about 14 ounces of fish a day, and among the Japanese, whose daily fish consumption averages more than 3 ounces.

  For 20 years, the Dutch study followed 852 middle-aged men, 20 percent of whom ate no fish.

  At the start of the study, the average fish consumption was about two-thirds of an ounce each day with more men eating lean (瘦的) fish than fatty fish.

  During the next two decades, 78 of the men died from heart disease. The fewest deaths were among the group who regularly ate fish, even at levels far lower than those of the Japanese or Eskimos. This relationship was true regardless of other factors such as age, high blood pressure, or blood cholesterol ( 胆固醇) levels.

  51. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

  [A] The Dutch research has proved that eating fish can help to prevent heart disease.

  [ B] Heart doctors won’t call your house so long as you keep eating fish each day.

  [C] Among all the diseases heart disease is the most dangerous in America.

  [D] There is a low incidence of heart disease in such countries as Japan and Greenland.

  52. The phrase "this relationship" (in Line 3, Para. 5) refers to the connection between

  _________ and the incidence of heart disease.

  [A] the amount offish eaten [B] regular fish-eating

  [ C ] the kind of fish eaten [ D ] people of different regions

  53. The passage is mainly about _________.

  [ A ] the high incidence of heart disease in some countries

  [ B ] the effect of fish eating on people ’ s health

  [ C] the changes in people’ s diet

  [D] the daily fish consumption of people in different cultures

  54. Why is heart disease the most dangerous killer in the United States?

  [A] Because American people drink too much spirits.

  [B] Because there are a great number of fat people there.

  [ C ] The author does n ’ t give a definite answer.

  [D] Because American people eat too much fatty fish.

  55. How many lives could probably be saved each year in the United States by eating fifth according to the Dutch study?

  [A] 550,000. [B] 275,000.

  LC] 110,000. [D] 852.

  Text 3

  Being assertive ( 过分自信) is being able to communicate with other people clearly. If you felt that you had expressed what was important to you and allowed the oilier person to respond in their own way then, regardless of the final outcome, you behaved assertively. It is important to remember that being assertive refers to a way of coping with confrontations ( 对抗)。 It does not mean getting your own way every time or winning some battle of wits against another person. In practice assertive behaviour is usually most likely to produce a result which is generally acceptable to all concerned, without anyone feeling that they have been unfairly treated.

  Assertiveness is often wrongly confused with aggression (侵犯行为). An aggressive confrontation is when one or both parties attempt to put forward their feelings and beliefs at the expense of others. In an assertive confrontation, however, each party stands up for their personal rights, but each shows respect and understanding for the other’s viewpoint.

  The reason why assertiveness may not come naturally is that we often tend to believe that we must talk around a subject rather than be direct, or that we must offer excuses or justifications forour actions.

  In fact we all have a right to use assertive behaviour in a variety of situations. We are often schooled early in life to believe that sometimes our own need to, express ourselves must take secondary place. For example, in dealing with those in privileged positions such as specialists, we often feel that speaking assertively is, in some way, "breaking the rules". Everybody has certain basic human rights, but often we feel guilty about exercising them.

  56. According to the passage, an assertive person ________.

  [ A ] makes other people feel unfairly treated

  [ B ] puts forward his ideas at the expense of others

  [C] does not show respect to other people

  [ D ] speaks out what he wants to say forcefully

  57. Which of the following is NOT the reason that many people prefer not to be assertive?

  [A] They would rather be aggressive than be assertive.

  [B] It’s often better to give people hints than to be straightforward.

  [C] Their needs to express themselves take secondary place before important persons.

  [ D] They tend to give excuses and justifications for their actions.

  58. The last word of the passage "them" refers to _________.

  [A] rules [B] actions

  [c] personal rights [D] privileged positions

  59. According to the passage, one should not only express himself clearly and directly, but also

  [ A ] make other people accept his ideas

  [ B ] be careful with his manner

  [ C] allow others to speak in their own way

  [D]watch other people’s response

  60. In this passage, the author intends to encourage people to _____.

  [ A ] fight for their personal rights

  [ B] be aggressive when they talk to others

  [ C J assert themselves regardless of whether others suffer or not

  [ D ] be assertive at any time

  Part B

  Directions:

  Read the following paragraphs in which 5 people talk about the way American consumers borrow.

  For questions 61 to 65, match name of each speaker to one of the statements (A to C) given below.Mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.

  Mark Lilla Young consumers often have not established their credit ratings. Many do not have steady in-comes. They might have difficulty borrowing money from an agency in business to make loans. Parents or relatives are usually their best source of loans. Of course, the parents or relatives would have to have money available and be willing to lend it. You might even get an interest-free loan. However,a parent or relative who lends should receive interest the same as any other lender.

  Chris Roddy

  For most consumers the cheapest place to borrow is at a commercial bank. Banks are a good

  source of installment loans which may run for 12 months or up to 36. Most banks also make singlepayment loans to consumers for short periods@30, 60, or 90 days. A typical interest rate is 3 cents per $100 per day. Suppose that you used $100 of your credit and repaid it in 30 days. The cost would be 90 cents.

  Karen Barber

  Another possible source of loans is a life insurance policy. Anyone who owns this type of insurance may borrow up to the amount of its cash value. The amount the insurance company will pay in case of death is reduced by the amount of the loan. For example, suppose that someone with $10,000 of insurance borrows $2,000 and dies leaving the loan unpaid. The insurance company would pay only $8,000 to the person entitled to receive the money.

  Louise Richard

  Borrowing from pawnbrokers is both easy and expensive. In exchange for a loan the borrower leaves some item of value such as jewelry, a camera, a musical instrument, or clothing. Usually the amount of money received is far less than the actual value of the item left. When a borrower repays the loan plus interest, the pawnbroker returns the item. If the loan is not paid within a year, the pawnbroker gets his or her money by selling the item.

  Jodie Morse

  When money is urgently needed, people may agree to pay any price for a loan. Too late, they may find themselves in the clutches of loan sharks. A loan shark is an unlicensed lender because their rates are higher than the law allows, sometimes 1,000 percent or more a year. Borrowers are hardly ever able to repay their loans. It is all they can do to pay the interest. Borrowers who fail to pay the interest on time have been threatened with injury.

  Now match each of the persons to the appropriate statement.

  Note: there are two extra statements.

  Statements

  61. Mark Lilla [A] A person can borrow as much as his life insurance’s cash value.

  62. Chris Roddy [B] The lender gets huge profits.

  63. Karen Barber [C] The borrowers may not take as long as they want to repay their loans.

  64. Louise Richard [ D] If the loan is not paid in a year, the item belongs to the lender.

  65. Jodie Morse [E] Borrowing from their parents or relatives is the easiest or the

  best loan source for the young consumers.

  [ F ] The consumers without good credit can borrow money from their parents or relatives.

  [G] The interest rate of the commercial bank is the lowest. For example, the cost would be 360 cents if you borrowed $200 and repaid it in 60 days.

  Section IV Writing (40 minutes)

  You should write your responses to both parts on ANSWER SHEET 2.

  Part A

  66. Write a letter of complaint. The company for which you work places an order for photographic paper and chemicals; however, the company which acknowledges your order on 15th March has delayed the delivery.

  You should write approximately 100 words. Do not sign your own name at the end of your letter.

  Use "Atlantic Trade Corporation" instead. You do not need to write the address.

  Part B

  67. Write an essay of about 120 words on "Science and Technology Have Come into Our Houses". Make reference to the following points:

  1)科学技术已走进千家万户

  2)科学技术给人们带来的便利

  3)怎样提倡学习科学技术

  



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