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全国公共英语二级考试模拟试题(含答案)

LEARNING.SOHU.COM    2005年7月8日09:54  
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 第三部分:阅读理解

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  A

  In the 1900's, American townspeople usually washed and brushed their teeth

  and combed their hair in the kitchen. Or they kept a water pitcher (大水罐)and a wash basin in their rooms and took care of these things there.

  The bathtub was a wash tub(澡盆)filled with water from the stove. If you were small enough you could sit down by drawing your knees to your chest. Otherwise, you washed yourself standing up. Often all the women and girls in the family bathed together. Then the men and boys did. In most families this was Saturday night because Sundays they went to church.

  A small number of families did have running water. But that depended on whether there was a water system where they lived and on whether they could afford the plumbing(水管设施). Some people had bathtubs in their homes as early as 1895. But many others did not have their first bath in a bathtub until 1910 or later when they were fifteen or sixteen years old.

  56In the first paragraph, "took care of" means ""。

  [A] kept

  [B] looked after

  [C] used

  [D] kept and used

  57. In order to use the water from the stove, there be a pipe connecting the tub with the stove.

  [A] must

  [B] seemed to

  [C] needn't

  [D] should

  58. Which of the following statements is true?

  [A] Males and females in the family took turns using the bathtub.

  [B] Some bathtubs were big enough for many people to bathe in at the same time.

  [C] All the women and girls of a family could bathe together standing up in the tub.

  [D] When several family members bathed together, they did not use the bathtub.

  59. Americans owned a bathtub as early as 1895.

  [A] Many

  [B] Not all

  [C] All

  [D] Few

  60. We can infer(推断)that the plumbingat that time.

  [A] cost little

  [B] was more expensive than a water system

  [C] was too expensive for every family to afford

  [D] was not necessary

  B

  CARIFF, Wales桺oets, singers and musicians from across the globe gathered Wales to celebrate the tradition(传统)of storytelling.

  "It might seem strange that people still want to listen to instead of watching television, but this is an unusual art form whose time has come again, "said David Amibrose, director of Beyond the Border, an international storytelling festival(节)in Wales.

  "Some of the tales, like those of the Inuit from Canada, are thousands years old. So our storytellers have come from distant lands to connect us with the distance of time. " he said early this month.

  Two Inuit women, both in their mid 60s, are among the few remaining who can do Kntadjait, or throat singing, which has few words and much sound.

  Their art is governed by the cold of their surroundings, forcing them to say little but listen attentively.

  Ambrose started the festival in 1993, after several years of working with those reviving(coming back into use or existence)storytelling in Wales.

  "It came out of a group of people who wanted to reconnect with traditions and as all the Welsh are storytellers, it was in good hands here." Ambrose said.

  61. Ambrose believes that the art of storytelling.

  [A] will be more popular than TV

  [B] will be popular again

  [C] started in Wales

  [D] are in the hands of some old people

  62. From the tales told by the Inuit, people can learn.

  [A] about their life as early as thousands of years ago

  [B] why they tell the stories in a throatsinging way

  [C] how cold it has been where the Inuit live

  [D] how difficult it is to understand the Inuit

  63. According to the writer, which of the following is not true?

  [A] Storytelling once stopped in Wales.

  [B] Storytelling has a long history in Wales.

  [C] Storytelling is always well received in Wales.

  [D] Storytelling did not come back until 1993 in Wales.

  64. The underlined phrase in good hands means.

  [A] controlled by rich people

  [B] grasped by good storytellers

  [C] taken good care of

  [D] protected by kind people

  C

  Greek soldiers sent messages by turning their shields(盾)toward the sun. The flashes reflected light could be seen several miles away. The enemy did not know what the flashes meant, but other Greek soldiers could understand the messages.

  Roman soldiers in some places built long rows of signal towers. When they had a message to send, the soldiers shouted it from tower to tower. If there were enough towers and enough soldiers with loud voices, important news could be sent quickly over distance.

  In Africa, people learned to send messages by beating on a series of large drums(鼓). Each drum was kept within hearing distance of the next one. The drum beats were sent out in a special way that all the drummers understood. Though the messages were simple, they could be sent at great speed for hundreds of miles.

  In the eighteenth century, a French engineer found a new way to send short messages. In this way, a person held a flag in each hand and the arms were moved to various positions representing different letters of the alphabet. It was like spelling out words with flags and arms.

  Over a long period of time, people sent messages by all these different ways. However, not until the telephone was invented in America in the nineteenth century could people send speech sounds over a great distance in just a few seconds.

  65. According to this passage, the Roman way of communication depended very much upon .

  [A] fine weather

  [B] high tower

  [C] the spelling system

  [D] arm movements

  66. Which of the following statements is true?

  [A] Neither the Greek soldiers nor their enemy could understand the message.

  [B] African soldiers shouted from tower to tower to pass message.

  [C] Telephone was invented by a French engineer.

  [D] Only by using telephone could people send speech sounds quickly.

  67. The African way of communication sent messages.

  [A] in a special way

  [B] over a very short distance

  [C] by a musical instrument

  [D] at a rather slow speed

  68. The way of communication made use of visible signs.

  [A] French

  [B] Roman

  [C] African

  [D] American

  D

  Because we can feel that things are heavy, we think of weight as being a fixed quality in an object, but it is not really fixed at all. If you could take a onepound packet of butter 4, 000 miles out from the earth, it would weigh only a quarter of a pound.

  Why would things weigh only a quarter as much as they do at the surface of the earth if we took them 4 000 miles out into space? The reson is this: All objects have a natural attraction for all other objects; this is called gravitational attraction, but this power of attraction between two objects gets weaker as they get farther apart. When the butter was at the surface of the earth, it was 4 000 miles from the centre (in other words the radius(半径)of the earth is 4 000 miles). When we took the butter 4 000 miles out, it was 8 000 miles from the centre, which is twice the distance.

  If you double the distance between two objects, their gravitational attraction decreases(减少)two times two. If you treble(翻三倍)the distance, it gets nine times weaker(three times three). If you take it four times as far away, it gets sixteen times weaker(four times four)and so on.

  69. The best title for this passage is.

  [A] The Earth Weight

  [B] Weight in Space

  [C] Changing Weight on the Earth

  [D] Weight on and off the Earth

  70. We can feel things are heavy because.

  [A] weight is a fixed quality in an object

  [B] they are far away from the centre of the earth

  [C] of the earth's strong attraction for them

  [D] they are not taken away from the surface of the earth

  71. If the distance between two objects is shortened by half, their gravitational attraction will.

  [A] double

  [B] become four times stronger

  [C] be the same

  [D] get four times weaker

  72. If an object weighed one pound 8 000 miles above the earth, it would weighon the surface of the earth.

  [A] 6 pounds

  [B] 4 pounds

  [C] 9 pounds

  [D] 1/9 pound

   E

  As more women in the United States move up the professional ladder, more are finding it necessary to make business trips alone. Since this is new for many, some trips are certainly in order. If you are married, it is a good idea to encourage your husband and children to learn to cook a few simple meals while you are away. They will be much happier and probably enjoy the experience. If you will be eating a good meal alone, choose good restaurants. In the end, they will be much better for your digestion(消化). You may also find it useful to call the restaurant in advance and state that you will be eating alone. You will probably get better service and almost certainly a better table. Finally, and most importantly, anticipate(提前做准备)your travel needs as a businesswoman; this starts with lightweight luggage which you can easily manage even when fully packed. Take a folding(折叠)case inside your suitcase; it will come in extremely handy(极其方便)for dirty clothes, as well as for business documents and papers you no longer need on the trip. And make sure you have a briefcase so that you can keep currently required papers separate. Obviously, experience helps, but you can make things easier on yourself from the first by careful planning, so that right from the start you really can have a good trip!

  73. Who is the author's intended audience?

  [A] Working women who have no time for cooking.

  [B] Husbands and children of working women.

  [C] Working women who must travel on their own.

  [D] Hotel personnel who must attend to working women.

  74. Why is lightweight luggage important for the travelling businesswoman?

  [A] It provides space for dirty clothes.

  [B] It is easy to move.

  [C] It can double as a briefcase.

  [D] It is usually big enough to carry all business documents.

  75. Where would this passage most likely appear?

  [A] In a magazine specially for women.

  [B] In a restaurant and hotel guide.

  [C] In a news magazine.

  [D] In a journal for topranking businessmen and women.

 

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