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“Frost' After Apple-picking摘罢苹果

LEARNING.SOHU.COM    2005年6月29日17:07    来源:[ 沪江英语 ] 
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  弗罗斯特(Robert Frost)(1874~1963)美国诗人。1874年3月26日生于美国西部的旧金山。他11岁丧父,后随母亲迁居东北部的新英格兰。此后,他就与那块土地结下了不解之缘。弗罗斯特16岁开始写诗,20岁时正式发表第一首诗歌。他勤奋笔耕,一生中共出了10多本诗集,其中主要的有《波士顿以北》(1914),《山间》(1916),《新罕布什尔》(1923),《西流的小溪》(1928),《见证树》(1942)以及《林间空地》(1962)等。弗罗斯特的诗可分为两大类:抒情短诗和戏剧性较强的叙事诗,两者都脍炙人口。弗罗斯特的抒情诗主要描写了大自然和农民,尤其是新英格兰的景色和北方的农民。这些诗形象而生动,具有很强的感染力,深受各层次读者的欢迎。他的叙事诗一般都格调低沉,体现了诗人思想和性格中阴郁的一面。弗罗斯特的世界观是比较复杂的,他把世界看成是一个善与恶的混合体。因此,他的诗一方面描写了大自然的美和自然对人类的恩惠,另一方面也写了其破坏力以及给人类带来的不幸和灾难。弗罗斯特诗歌风格上的一个最大特点是朴素无华,含义隽永,寓深刻的思考和哲理于平淡无奇的内容和简洁朴实的诗句之中。这既是弗罗斯特的艺术追求,也是他事业成功的秘密所在。

  

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  After Apple-picking

  MY long two-pointed ladder’s sticking through a tree

  Toward heaven still,

  And there’s a barrel that I didn’t fill

  Beside it, and there may be two or three

  Apples I didn’t pick upon some bough.

  But I am done with apple-picking now.

  Essence of winter sleep is on the night,

  The scent of apples: I am drowsing off.

  I cannot rub the strangeness from my sight

  I got from looking through a pane of glass

  I skimmed this morning from the drinking trough

  And held against the world of hoary grass.

  It melted, and I let it fall and break.

  But I was well

  Upon my way to sleep before it fell,

  And I could tell

  What form my dreaming was about to take.

  Magnified apples appear and disappear,

  Stem end and blossom end,

  And every fleck of russet showing clear.

  My instep arch not only keeps the ache,

  It keeps the pressure of a ladder-round.

  I feel the ladder sway as the boughs bend.

  And I keep hearing from the cellar bin

  The rumbling sound

  Of load on load of apples coming in.

  For I have had too much

  Of apple-picking: I am overtired

  Of the great harvest I myself desired.

  There were ten thousand thousand fruit to touch,

  Cherish in hand, lift down, and not let fall.

  For all

  That struck the earth,

  No matter if not bruised or spiked with stubble,

  Went surely to the cider-apple heap

  As of no worth.

  One can see what will trouble

  This sleep of mine, whatever sleep it is.

  Were he not gone,

  The woodchuck could say whether it’s like his

  Long sleep, as I describe its coming on,

  Or just some human sleep.

  赏析:

  This poem is so vivid a memory of experience on the farm in which the end of labor leaves the speaker with a sense of completion and fulfillment yet finds him blocked from success by winter's approach and physical weariness.

  Notes:

  hoary:gray or white.

  magnified apples:a distorted and big image of apples in the speaker's dream.

  the rumbling sound:the sound of apples running down onto a pole from a basket.

  human sleep:a figurative speech referring to "death".

  

  

  

  

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