The 1950s were the golden age of surfing. The sport was immensely1 popular, and breakthroughs in materials and design greatly improved the boards. Chemists developed waterproof glue, and additional fins were added to boards. Shorter, lightweight2 boards also began replacing the cumbersome lumber that surfers had traditionally ridden.
The rise of the automobile in the 1950s brought another new dimension to surfing: the surf safari. Surfers would load their boards onto cars and hit the road3 in search of big waves. The safari helped surf culture spread throughout America and the world. By the 1960s, surfers had discovered new locations4 in places like Peru, Australia, and Africa.
Surf culture became mainstream5 in the 1960s, due largely to surf music and films that glorified the hip6 surfer lifestyle. "Let's go surfin' now, everybody's learnin' how, come on a safari with me," sang the Beach Boys in their 1962 song, "Surfin, Safari." Though the Beach Boys aren't as popular nowadays, surf culture is still going strong.
冲浪文化到了 20世纪60年代成为主流运动，主要原因归之于有关冲浪的音乐及电影使冲浪者时髦的生活方式大放光彩。海滩男孩乐团在 1962 年的“远征去冲浪”一曲中唱道：“让我们即刻去冲浪，人人都在学冲浪，跟我一起远征吧。”如今，海滩男孩受欢迎的程度虽大不如前，但冲浪文化却仍后劲十足。
● 1. immensely adv. largely; in a very big way 广大地；极大地
Climbing to the top of Mt. Everest is an immensely difficult and dangerous task.
2. lightweight adj. weighing very little; not heavy （重量）轻的
Modern tents are not as heavy as older tents because they're made of new, lightweight materials.
● 3. hit the road v. phr. to begin a journey; to start driving somewhere 出发；启程
After we pack our bags and put gas in the car, we can hit the road.
4. location n. a certain place where sb./sth. is or where sth. happens 地点
This chain of grocery stores has locations all over the city.
● 5. mainstream adj. accepted or enjoyed by most members of a society 被广为接受的；主流的
I don't like Hollywood movies because I think they are too mainstream.
6. hip adj. fashionable; stylish 时髦流行的
Your pants are cool, but that awful shirt isn't very hip.
1. waterproof adj. 防水的
2. cumbersome adj. 笨重的
3. safari n. 远征；探险
4. glorify v. 颂扬；称颂