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五一节的双重意义 Two Major Themes of May Day
LEARNING.SOHU.COM    2004年7月20日17:19  
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  河北的Joy问:

  Anton,5月1日马上就要到了,又有长长的假期可以好好放松放松了。在中国,五一节开始被大家叫做春假了,而不是最开始时候的国际劳动节。Anton,在西方你们也庆祝五一节吗?有什么特别的仪式和意义吗?

  ANTON: 这是一个很有意思的问题,恐怕不是我三言两语能说清楚的。在西方,我们也庆祝五一节,并且它是英国一个非常传统的节日,但我们庆祝五一节是为了庆祝春天的来临,与它的政治意义没什么关系。你或许并不知道,五一节现在可是一个有着双重意义的节日了。好了,下面就让我为你介绍介绍五一节的这两个不同的意义吧!

  Two Major Themes of May Day

  五一节的双重意义

  May Day is a festival that carries significance in countries all around the world. There are two main themes to May Day, one more modern and the other more ancient and primal. Unsurprisingly, it is the modern that has dominated in the last century, though perhaps one could argue that there is a revival taking place that focuses more on the traditional, ancient aspects of this May festival.

  五一节是一个在世界各国都有着重要意义的节日。五一节有着两个意义,一个较现代,一个较为古老和原始。五一节的现代意义在上世纪占据了重要地位,说到此,各位千万不要感到惊讶,虽然有人或许会争辩说人们已开始越来越注重五一节的传统意义了。

  The Older Theme

  五一节的古老意义

  What are these two themes then? The older one is ①linked to nature and celebration of its rebirth with the arrival of spring and the promise of summer. In fact what became the Christian festival of Easter imbibed much influence from this earlier, pagan rooted nature focused festival.

  那么这两个意义又分别是什么呢?早些时候的意义是与自然有关的,是为了庆祝万物重生和春天的到来并表达人们对夏天的展望。事实上,基督教的节日——复活节最早受到了这个异教节日的影响。

  The Political Theme of May Day

  五一节的政治意义

  However, in the last 120 years May Day has been dominated by a political theme. Of course, as everyone in China knows very well May Day is a celebration of the worker and has been particularly observed in socialist countries around the world. The origins of this socialist festival lie in America where it was initially a day of remembrance for those punished for their part in an incident related to the campaign for an 8-hour working day.

  A movement had been building amongst American workers campaigning for a law protecting them to ensure that their employers could not demand that they work more than the 8 hours a day that the workers deemed reasonable if they were to enjoy some standard of life.

  然而,在过去的120年里,大家更侧重的是五一节的政治意义。当然,在中国人人都知道五一节是工人们的节日,尤其在世界上的社会主义国家很盛行。这个社会主义节日起源于美国。在美国,最开始的时候,五一节是为纪念那些在争取8小时工作制的抗议行动中受到惩罚的工人们而创建的。

  在美国工人中间盛行一种运动: 为了享受到一定的生活标准,工人们要求以法律来保护他们每天只工作8个小时的权利,从而保证雇主们不能要求他们工作更长的时间。

  theme /F1m/ n.(谈话,写作等的)题目;意义

  primal /`praim9l/ adj.最初的

  revival /ri`vaiv9l/ n.苏醒;复兴

  imbibe /im`baib/ v.吸收

  pagan /`peiG9n/ adj.异教的

  observe /9b`z8v/ v.纪念;庆祝

  ① be linked to 与……有关

  A: New research shows that some birth defects are linked to smoking during pregnancy.

   最新研究表明某些生理缺陷与怀孕期间抽烟有关。

  B: Really? I must quit smoking.

   真的吗?那我必须戒烟了。

  This culminated in strikes on May 1st 1886, at which there were no incidents. However, three days later at the Haymarket, Chicago, eight police died when a bomb was thrown. A number of workers were tried and executed for the murder on rather spurious evidence which was shown to be unreliable just a few years later. It was from that year that May 1st began to be a day of worker solidarity and ②protest against the factory owners and exploiting employers.

  这项运动在1886年5月1日的工人罢工游行时达到顶峰,当天并没有意外事件发生。然而,3天后在芝加哥的干草市场,8名警察死于炸弹爆炸。许多工人被审讯和因被控告谋杀而被判处死刑,而当时所谓的证据是极不可信的,这在几年后得到了证实。从那一年开始,5月1日成为了工人团结起来抗议工厂主和剥削者的日子。

  

   
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